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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Gitin 57

GITIN 56 & 57 - Anonymously dedicated by an ardent supporter who wants the Zechus of spreading Torah throughout the world.


(a) Bil'am, whose spirit Unklus also conjured up, conceded (like Titus) that Yisrael was inportant in this world, and he too, advised against joining forces with them.
What did ...
  1. ... he reply when Unklus asked him what was his lot in the other world?
  2. ... Yeshu, who advised him to join them, reply to the same question?
(b) And what did the latter say about fighting them?

(c) What observation do we make regarding Yeshu's answers?

(d) What did Rebbi Elazar in a Beraisa comment about the power of shame?

(a) What did the rooster and the chicken that were led in front of every Chasan and Kalah on Tur Malka (Har ha'Melech) on the day of their wedding, symbolize?

(b) How did this custom lead to the destruction of Tur Malka?

(c) Why did the Emperor remove his crown and place it on the ground? What did he then pray for?

(d) The bar Daroma died, not because of the Emperor's prayer, but due to a statement that he himself should never have issued.
What was wrong with saying "ha'Lo Atah Elokim Zenachtanu, ve'Lo Seitzei Elokim be'Tziv'oseinu" (Tehilim), seeing as David Hamelech said exactly the same thing in Tehilim?
How did the bar Daroma die?

(a) In acknowledgment of the miracle, the Emperor took his army out of Tur Malka.
What caused him to return?

(b) Three days and three nights, the slaughter lasted. How many Roman swordsmen were involved?

(c) What was strange about this incident?

(d) How many cities did Yanai ha'Melech own on Tur Malka? How many residents lived in each town (with the exception of three)?

(a) The three exceptions were K'far Bish, K'far Shichlaya and K'far Dichraya, each of which was inhabited by double as many (two times six hundred thousand) inhabitants.
Why were they called by these names?

(b) Ula testified that the area of Tur Malka was so small, that it could not even have held six hundred thousand reeds, let alone cities.
What did ...

  1. ... that Tzedoki comment on this?
  2. ... Rebbi Chanina reply?
(c) Rav Minyumi bar Chilkiyah, Rav Chilkiyah bar Tuvyah and Rav Huna bar Chiya decided to recount some of the good deeds of the inhabitants of K'far Sechanya of Egypt.
What did one of them relate regarding a betrothed couple who were both taken into captivity?

(d) In which three regards did the woman declare her betrothed greater than Yosef, when she eulogized him after his death?

(a) What did the second member of the above trio relate about the price of wheat going up (from four Mudi'os to a Dinar to three)? What did they discover, was the cause, and what caused it to revert to its original price?

(b) The third member of the trio told the story of the man who decided to divorce his wife but who could not afford to pay her Kesuvah.
How did he set about achieving his end without having to pay anything?

(c) How was his plan thwarted by a Talmid of Shamai? What was the Talmid's name?

(d) Having ascertained such a level of righteousness, why was K'far Sechanyah destroyed? On which Pasuk in Yeshayah is this based?

(a) Chazal say that Beitar was destroyed on account of the wheel of a carriage.
How did that happen? Who was traveling in the carriage?

(b) What have eighty thousand horns of war got to do with the Pasuk in Eichah "Gada ba'Chari Af Kol Keren Yisrael"?

(c) Much blood was spilled in Beitar.
When we say ...

  1. ... that the blood of those slain in Beitar flowed into the Mediterranean Sea, what distance are we talking about?
  2. ... that there were two rivers in the valley of Yadayim flowing in opposite directions (Rebbi Eliezer, quoting the Chachamim), what percentage of the water in these rivers comprised that blood?
  3. ... that for years the Nochrim fertilized their fields using the blood of those slain in Beitar exclusively, how many years do we mean?
Answers to questions



(a) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah, citing an old Yerushalmi, pointed out a certain valley where Nevuzradan, 'butcher-in-chief', murdered over two million Jews.
How many did he murder in Yerushalayim next to one stone?

(b) What does the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Damim be'Damim Naga'u" refer to?

(c) On what basis did Nevuzradan refute the Jews claim that the bubbling blood was that of Korbanos that had spilled?

(d) When he threatened them with torture if they would not tell him the truth, they divulged whose blood it was and what had happened.
Why had Zecharyah's blood not stopped bubbling for hundreds of years?

(a) Nevuzradan promised to still the Navi's blood. So he set about slaughtering them in groups.
Whom did he slaughter first?

(b) Who came after the boys and girls?

(c) The blood stopped bubbling when Nevuzradan asked Zecharyah how many more Jews he would have to kill before he would be appeased.
What thoughts did this suddenly evoke in Nevuzradan's mind? In what way was he even greater than Na'aman, the Ger?

(d) What are we told about the descendants of

  1. ... Haman?
  2. ... Sisro?
  3. ... Nevuzradan? What were their names?
(a) "ha'Kol" (Toldos) refers to Hadrian, who killed in Alexandria of Egypt one million, two hundred thousand Jews, and "Kol Ya'akov", to Vespasian, who killed four million in Beitar.
How many Jews did he kill in Beitar, according to others?

(b) To whom does "ve'ha'Yadayim Yedei Eisav" refer?

(c) How do others interpret ...

  1. ... "ha'Kol Kol Ya'akov"?
  2. ... "ve'ha'Yadayim Yedei Eisav"?
(d) From where does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav learn that Hashem showed David Hamelech ...
  1. ... Churban Bayis Rishon?
  2. ... Churban Bayis Sheini?
(a) In what connection does Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel (or Rebbi Ami or the Tana in a Beraisa) quote the Pasuk in Tehilim "Amar Hashem mi'Bashan Ashiv, Ashiv mi'Metzulos Yam"? Which She'eilah did it come to answer?

(b) Who were the first to respond?

(c) What 'Kal va'Chomer' did the boys derive from the girls?

(d) Which Pasuk in Tehilim hints to this episode?

(a) Rav Yehudah ascribes the Pasuk in Tehilim to Chanah and her seven sons. Each son quoted a different Pasuk forbidding Avodah-Zarah in any form.
How did the youngest son explain the Pasuk in Ki Savo "es Hashem He'emarta ha'Yom ... va'Hashem He'emircha ha'Yom ... "?

(b) What did he respond to the Emperor's proposal that he throw him down a ring for him to pick up, so that at least the people would think that he had condescended to bow down to his god?

(c) What did Chanah say to him when the Emperor granted her permission to say good-bye?

(d) What is the significance of the Pasuk in Hallel "Eim ha'Banim Semeichah" here?

(a) According to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi, the Pasuk "Ki Alecha Horagnu Kol ha'Yom" pertains to the Mitzvah of Milah, which K'lal Yisrael constantly perform, spilling their children's blood.
How does Resh Lakish interpret it?

(b) Resh Lakish's explanation is connected to a statement of Rava, who warned Talmidei-Chachamim against showing Hilchos Shechitah and 'Davar Acher' on themselves.
What is 'Davar Acher'?

(c) According to Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak too, the Pasuk refers to Talmidei Chachamim.
What is the Pasuk referring to, in his opinion?

(d) He bases this on Resh Lakish. How does Resh Lakish interpret the Pasuk in Chukas "Zos ha'Torah, Adam Ki Yamus be'Ohel"?

Answers to questions

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