REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Gitin 56
GITIN 56 & 57 - Anonymously dedicated by an ardent supporter who wants the
Zechus of spreading Torah throughout the world.
(a) What prompted bar Kamtza to take revenge?
(b) So off he went to Rome.
What did he do in Rome?
(c) How did he 'prove' to the emperor that the Jews had rebelled against
(d) Why did he choose to blemish the animal on the upper lip (or on the
membrane of the eye)?
(a) What objection did Rebbi Zecharyah ben Avkulas raise when the Sanhedrin
suggested that ...
(b) So what did they do?
- ... they sacrifice the emperor's Korban, even with the blemish?
- ... they kill bar Kamtza?
(c) What did Rebbi Yochanan comment on Rebbi Zecharyah ben Avkulas?
(a) The commander in charge of the invading force was called Nero.
sorcery did he employ to discover whether he should destroy Yerushalayim or
(b) What made him run away and convert?
(c) Which famous Tana descended from him?
(d) How long did the siege of Yerushalayim under Vespasian (Nero's
(a) Yerushalayim withstood the siege for so long due to the benevolence of
three immensely wealthy men.
Why was one of them called ...
(b) One of these three men provided wheat and barley, another, wine and
salt, and the third, wood.
- ... Nakdimon ben Gurion?
- ... ben Kalba Savu'a?
- ... ben Tzitzis ha'Keses?
The one that was considered the most valuable
is based on Rav Chisda, who would entrust his servant with all the keys of
the house with the exception of one.
(c) What was the bone of contention between the Chachamim and the Biryoni
(d) What did the Biryoni do to force Yisrael's hand to fight the Romans?
(a) Who was Marsa bas Baytus?
(b) So severe was the famine when it suddenly hit them, that the bakers
could not bake the little flour that was left fast enough.
to Marsa's Sheli'ach? Which four types of loaves became unavailable one
after the other (in order of decreasing quality)?
(c) So Marsa, who happened to be shoeless at the time, went on her own find
bread. Some say she died from finnickiness, when she trod in some dung.
What do others say?
(d) Who was Rebbi Tzadok?
(a) Which Pasuk in Yechezkel did Raban Yochanan apply to Marsa bas Baytus?
(b) What is the significance of the Pasuk in Yechezkel "Kaspam ba'Chutzos
(c) Who was Aba Sikra?
(d) What did he reply when Raban Yochanan ben Zakai met him secretly and
asked him how long the Biryoni would continue to starve the people to death
by forbidding them to make peace with the Romans?
(a) What plan did Aba Sikra devise at Raban Yochanan ben Zakai's request, to
get him out of the walls of Yerushalayim? What made the people believe that
Raban Yochanan had really died?
Answers to questions
(b) Why did Aba Sikra insist that Rebbi Eliezer and Rebbi Yehoshua (Raban
Yochanan's disciples) carry the coffin?
(c) How did Aba Sikra, who escorted the coffin outside the walls, convince
the Biryoni guards not to pierce the coffin with their swords or even to
shake it to test whether Raban Yochanan was really dead?
(d) What was Vespasian's response when Raban Yochanan came before him and
greeted him with the title 'king'?
(a) How did Raban Yochanan answer Vespasian's ...
(b) How did Vespasian respond to Raban Yochanan's answer to his second
point, using a Mashal of a barrel of honey?
- ... first point by quoting the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'ha'Levanon be'Adir Yipol"? What is "Levanon and what is "be'Adir"? Why is the Beis Hamikdash referred to as Levanon?
- ... second point? Why did he not go and see him earlier?
(c) Raban Yochanan had no answer to offer him.
What did Rav Yosef (or
Rebbi Akiva) have to say about that?
(d) What did he mean to say when he quoted the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Meishiv
(a) At that moment, a messenger arrived from Rome with the news that the
senate had appointed Vespasian Emperor of Rome.
What happened to his feet?
How did Raban Yochanan ...
(b) What was Raban Yochanan's response when Vespasian offered him anything
he wanted? Which two things did he request, besides Yavneh and its
- ... explain this strange phenomenon?
- ... solve the problem?
(c) Rav Yosef (or Rebbi Akiva), quoting the Pasuk "Meishiv Chachamim Achor",
again takes Raban Yochanan ben Zakai to task for not asking for the obvious.
What reason might he have had for deliberately not doing so?
(d) The Roman doctors cured Rebbi Tzadok by administering to him 'Maya
de'Pari' on the first day, 'Maya de'Sipuka' on the second, and 'Maya
de'Kimcha' on the third.
What is ...
- ... 'Maya de'Pari'?
- ... 'Maya de'Sipuka'?
- ... 'Maya de'Kimcha'?
(a) The Emperor Vespasian sent his son Titus to replace him as commander of
the Roman forces. The Pasuk "ve'Amar Ei Elokeimo, Tzur Chasayu Bo" refers to
Which incident does it have in mind? What did Titus think when
blood oozed from the Paroches?
(b) What did ...
... Aba Chanan mean when he quoted the Pasuk in Tehilim "Mi Chamochah Chasin Kah"?
... Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael mean when he quoted the Pasuk in Beshalach "Mi Chamochah be'Eilim Hashem"? How does he interpret "ba'Eilim"?
(c) What did he then do with the Paroches?
(d) How ...
- ... do we interpret the Pasuk in Koheles "u've'Chein Ra'isi Resha'im Kevurim u'Va'u mi'Makom Kadosh Yehaleichu ve'Yishtakchu ba'Ir Asher Kein Asu"? What do "Kevurim" and "ve'Yishtakchu" mean in this context?
- ... might we even interpret "Kevurim" literally?
(a) Whilst Titus was at sea, sailing for home with his booty, Hashem caused
a violent storm to erupt, which threatened to sink his ship.
Hashem respond when the victorious Titus, citing examples from Par'oh and
Sisro, claimed that G-d was only capable of fighting at sea, and challenged
Him to a dual on land? Why did Hashem refer to His champion as a 'Beryah
(b) How did the contest end?
(a) For seven years the gnat hammered at Titus brain.
What caused it to
stop? How long did the break last?
(b) During those thirty days, the remuneration for a day's hammering
depended on the blacksmith's nationality.
How much would Titus pay (per
(c) Rebbi Pinchas ben Aruva was present when, after Titus death, they cut
open his brain.
- ... a gentile blacksmith?
- ... a Jew?
What did they find there?
(d) According to the Beraisa, it was the size of a one year old dove that
weighed two Litrin (which is considerably more than two Sela'im).
the significance of the dove in this context?
(a) What did Titus order his family to do with him after his death?
Answers to questions
(b) Who was Unklus bar K'lonikus?
(c) What did Titus answer him when he conjured up his spirit and asked him
- ... who is important in this world?
- ... whether one should cleave to them? Why did he cite the Pasuk in Eichah "Hayu Tzarehah le'Rosh"?
- ... what his lot was in the other world?