REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Gitin 45
GITIN 44 & 45 - Sponsored by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel and his wife, Jeri Turkel.
May Hashem bless them with many years of Simcha, health and fulfillment, and
may they see all of their children and grandchildren follow them in the ways
of Torah and Yir'as Shamayim!
(a) What did Rebbi Ami instruct the master whose Eved fled from Chutz
la'Aretz to Eretz Yisrael, when he ran after him to bring him back?
(b) From which Pasuk did Rebbi Achi b'Rebbi Yoshiyah learn that it is
forbidden to return an Eved in such a case?
(c) He declines to learn that it refers to a Nochri who undertakes not to
serve idols, due to the Lashon "mi'Im Adonav", rather than "me'Im Aviv" (or
How does he also refute the suggestion that the Pasuk is
referring to an Eved who runs from Eretz Yisrael to Chutz la'Aretz (from the
continuation of the Pasuk "Asher Yinatzel Eilecha")?
(a) So how does Rebbi Achi b'Rebbi Yoshiyah ultimately establish the Pasuk?
(b) In another Beraisa, Rebbi establishes the Pasuk by someone who bought an
Eved in order to set him free.
What is ...
- ... the case?
- ... Rebbi's Chidush?
(a) What did the Kuta'i reply to Rav Chisda, when an Eved of his fled to
them and he sent them a message requesting his return?
(b) How did Rav Chisda reply to that?
(c) Why did he quote Rebbi Achi b'Rebbi Yoshiyah rather than Rebbi?
(a) What Si'man did Abaye send the Bei Kuta'i in order to retrieve his lost
(b) Why were they not impressed?
(c) So why did they return it to him?
(a) Chazal decreed forbidding the redemption of captives for more than their
value. The reason for this may have been so as not to overburden the
What is the alternative reason?
(b) What are the ramifications of these two reasons?
(c) Do we have a proof for the first explanation from Levi bar Darga, who
redeemed his daughter for thirteen thousand golden Dinrim?
(d) What other decree did Chazal issue at the same time?
(a) According to Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, the reason for the latter decree
is not because of Tikun ha'Olam, but because of Takanas ha'Shevuyin.
is the meaning of ...
(b) What is the difference between them?
- ... Tikun ha'Olam?
- ... Takanas ha'Shevuyin?
(c) What did Rav Ilish see the daughters of Rav Nachman do that amazed him?
(d) Which Pasuk did this cause him to quote?
(a) Rav Ilish was captured at the same time as Rav Nachman's daughters.
What message did he receive from the birds via a man who was able to
decipher bird's talk?
(b) Why did he decline to accept the message from the raven?
(c) When did he ultimately accept it?
(d) The man who had deciphered the message fled together with him.
happened to them both?
(a) What did he ascertain about Rav Nachman's daughters before fleeing? What
did he overhear them saying about their captors?
Answers to questions
(b) Why did he listen specifically in the vicinity of the bathroom?
(c) What did they decide to ask of their captors?
(d) Then to what did he attribute their ability to stir the boiling pot with
their bare hands?
(a) What did Rav Budya extrapolate from the Mishnah, which cites the decree
of Chazal not to purchase Sefarim, Tefilin and Mezuzos from Nochrim for more
than their value? Which Halachah did he try to infer from this?
(b) What was Rav Ashi's reply?
(a) What does Rav Nachman say about a Sefer-Torah that was written by ...
(b) And what does he say about a Sefer-Torah that one obtains from ...
- ... a Min? What is a 'Min'?
- ... a Nochri?
(c) We establish the Beraisa that ...
- ... a Min?
- ... a Nochri?
1. ... requires a Sefer-Torah that is written by a Nochri to be burned, like
(d) In this list, a Mumar and a Masur have simply thrown off the yoke of
Mitzvos, and this Tana considers Kutim Geirei Arayos (insincere Geirim).
But why are women and Avadim not subject to the Mitzvah of Tefilin?
What does Rebbi Eliezer say?
2. ... permits one to read from such a Sefer, like the Tana who specifically
permits it, provided the Nochri wrote it Lishmah. On what basis does the
Tana of a third Beraisa (cited by Rav Hamnuna Brei de'Rava mi'Pashrunya)
invalidate a Sefer written by a Masur, a Nochri, an Eved, a woman, a Katan,
a Kuti or a Yisrael Mumar?
(a) The Tana Kama of a Beraisa invalidates Tefilin that have been overlaid
with gold or that are covered with the skin of a non-Kosher animal.
(b) What does ...
(c) How do we reconcile this with the above-quoted Beraisa which permits
reading from Sefarim written by Nochrim, even though they were not written
- ... he say about Tefilin that are covered with the skin of a Kasher animal?
- ... Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say?
(d) How can we possibly trust a Ger who has reverted to his previous beliefs
to write a Get Lishmah?
(a) Is the prohibition to redeem Sefarim from a Nochri for more than their
current value absolute?
(b) What did Abaye offer that Arab woman who brought him a Chaysa de'Tefili?
What is a Chaysa de'Tefili?
(c) How did she react to his offer?
(d) What did Abaye subsequently comment?
(a) The Tana of our Mishnah forbids someone who divorced his wife because of
a rumor that she had committed adultery or because she had made Nedarim, to
take her back. The prohibition in the case of Nedarim only applies,
according to ...
Answers to questions
(b) What does Rebbi Elazar mean when he says 'Lo Asru Zeh (Tzarich) Ela
Mipnei Zeh' (Eino Tzarich)? Why would it not have been necessary to decree
in a case which needs a Beis-Din to annul it?
- ... Rebbi Yehudah, if the Neder was publicly known.
What is the reason for the prohibition, according to Rebbi Yehudah?
- ... Rebbi Meir, if the Neder requires a Chacham to annul it, and he is not able to do so himself.
What is the reason for the prohibition, according to Rebbi Meir?
(c) According to the first Lashon of Rav Yosef bar Minyumi Amar Rav Nachman,
the Tana Kama only says 'Lo Yachzir' (by Shem Ra and Neder) if the husband
specifically stated that he was divorcing his wife for those reasons.
is that? Why did Chazal say 'Lo Yachzir', according to him?
(d) According to the second Lashon, the reason for the decree is to prevent
the B'nos Yisrael from becoming lax in their morals and in Nedarim.
does Rav Yosef bar Minyumi Amar Rav Nachman say in the second Lashon?