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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Gitin 45

GITIN 44 & 45 - Sponsored by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel and his wife, Jeri Turkel. May Hashem bless them with many years of Simcha, health and fulfillment, and may they see all of their children and grandchildren follow them in the ways of Torah and Yir'as Shamayim!


(a) What did Rebbi Ami instruct the master whose Eved fled from Chutz la'Aretz to Eretz Yisrael, when he ran after him to bring him back?

(b) From which Pasuk did Rebbi Achi b'Rebbi Yoshiyah learn that it is forbidden to return an Eved in such a case?

(c) He declines to learn that it refers to a Nochri who undertakes not to serve idols, due to the Lashon "mi'Im Adonav", rather than "me'Im Aviv" (or "mi'Im Elohav").
How does he also refute the suggestion that the Pasuk is referring to an Eved who runs from Eretz Yisrael to Chutz la'Aretz (from the continuation of the Pasuk "Asher Yinatzel Eilecha")?

(a) So how does Rebbi Achi b'Rebbi Yoshiyah ultimately establish the Pasuk?

(b) In another Beraisa, Rebbi establishes the Pasuk by someone who bought an Eved in order to set him free.
What is ...

  1. ... the case?
  2. ... Rebbi's Chidush?
(a) What did the Kuta'i reply to Rav Chisda, when an Eved of his fled to them and he sent them a message requesting his return?

(b) How did Rav Chisda reply to that?

(c) Why did he quote Rebbi Achi b'Rebbi Yoshiyah rather than Rebbi?

(a) What Si'man did Abaye send the Bei Kuta'i in order to retrieve his lost donkey?

(b) Why were they not impressed?

(c) So why did they return it to him?

(a) Chazal decreed forbidding the redemption of captives for more than their value. The reason for this may have been so as not to overburden the community.
What is the alternative reason?

(b) What are the ramifications of these two reasons?

(c) Do we have a proof for the first explanation from Levi bar Darga, who redeemed his daughter for thirteen thousand golden Dinrim?

(d) What other decree did Chazal issue at the same time?

(a) According to Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, the reason for the latter decree is not because of Tikun ha'Olam, but because of Takanas ha'Shevuyin.
What is the meaning of ...
  1. ... Tikun ha'Olam?
  2. ... Takanas ha'Shevuyin?
(b) What is the difference between them?

(c) What did Rav Ilish see the daughters of Rav Nachman do that amazed him?

(d) Which Pasuk did this cause him to quote?

(a) Rav Ilish was captured at the same time as Rav Nachman's daughters.
What message did he receive from the birds via a man who was able to decipher bird's talk?

(b) Why did he decline to accept the message from the raven?

(c) When did he ultimately accept it?

(d) The man who had deciphered the message fled together with him.
What happened to them both?

(a) What did he ascertain about Rav Nachman's daughters before fleeing? What did he overhear them saying about their captors?

(b) Why did he listen specifically in the vicinity of the bathroom?

(c) What did they decide to ask of their captors?

(d) Then to what did he attribute their ability to stir the boiling pot with their bare hands?

Answers to questions



(a) What did Rav Budya extrapolate from the Mishnah, which cites the decree of Chazal not to purchase Sefarim, Tefilin and Mezuzos from Nochrim for more than their value? Which Halachah did he try to infer from this?

(b) What was Rav Ashi's reply?

(a) What does Rav Nachman say about a Sefer-Torah that was written by ...
  1. ... a Min? What is a 'Min'?
  2. ... a Nochri?
(b) And what does he say about a Sefer-Torah that one obtains from ...
  1. ... a Min?
  2. ... a Nochri?
(c) We establish the Beraisa that ...
1. ... requires a Sefer-Torah that is written by a Nochri to be burned, like Rebbi Eliezer.
What does Rebbi Eliezer say?
2. ... permits one to read from such a Sefer, like the Tana who specifically permits it, provided the Nochri wrote it Lishmah. On what basis does the Tana of a third Beraisa (cited by Rav Hamnuna Brei de'Rava mi'Pashrunya) invalidate a Sefer written by a Masur, a Nochri, an Eved, a woman, a Katan, a Kuti or a Yisrael Mumar?
(d) In this list, a Mumar and a Masur have simply thrown off the yoke of Mitzvos, and this Tana considers Kutim Geirei Arayos (insincere Geirim). But why are women and Avadim not subject to the Mitzvah of Tefilin?
(a) The Tana Kama of a Beraisa invalidates Tefilin that have been overlaid with gold or that are covered with the skin of a non-Kosher animal.
Why is that?

(b) What does ...

  1. ... he say about Tefilin that are covered with the skin of a Kasher animal?
  2. ... Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say?
(c) How do we reconcile this with the above-quoted Beraisa which permits reading from Sefarim written by Nochrim, even though they were not written Lishman?

(d) How can we possibly trust a Ger who has reverted to his previous beliefs to write a Get Lishmah?

(a) Is the prohibition to redeem Sefarim from a Nochri for more than their current value absolute?

(b) What did Abaye offer that Arab woman who brought him a Chaysa de'Tefili?
What is a Chaysa de'Tefili?

(c) How did she react to his offer?

(d) What did Abaye subsequently comment?

(a) The Tana of our Mishnah forbids someone who divorced his wife because of a rumor that she had committed adultery or because she had made Nedarim, to take her back. The prohibition in the case of Nedarim only applies, according to ...
  1. ... Rebbi Yehudah, if the Neder was publicly known.
    What is the reason for the prohibition, according to Rebbi Yehudah?
  2. ... Rebbi Meir, if the Neder requires a Chacham to annul it, and he is not able to do so himself.
    What is the reason for the prohibition, according to Rebbi Meir?
(b) What does Rebbi Elazar mean when he says 'Lo Asru Zeh (Tzarich) Ela Mipnei Zeh' (Eino Tzarich)? Why would it not have been necessary to decree in a case which needs a Beis-Din to annul it?

(c) According to the first Lashon of Rav Yosef bar Minyumi Amar Rav Nachman, the Tana Kama only says 'Lo Yachzir' (by Shem Ra and Neder) if the husband specifically stated that he was divorcing his wife for those reasons.
Why is that? Why did Chazal say 'Lo Yachzir', according to him?

(d) According to the second Lashon, the reason for the decree is to prevent the B'nos Yisrael from becoming lax in their morals and in Nedarim.
What does Rav Yosef bar Minyumi Amar Rav Nachman say in the second Lashon?

Answers to questions

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