REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Gitin 40
GITIN 40 - Sponsored by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel and his wife, Jeri Turkel. May
Hashem bless them with many years of Simcha, health and fulfillment, and may
they see all of their children and grandchildren follow them in the ways of
Torah and Yir'as Shamayim!
(a) What did Rebbi Zeira ... Amar Rebbi say about an Eved who married a bas
Chorin in front of his master?
(b) Rebbi Yochanan was not happy with this Chidush, due to a ruling that he
quoted regarding someone who wrote a Sh'tar Eirusin betrothing his Shifchah
to himself. Rebbi Meir ruled there 'Mekudeshes.
What do the Chachamim say?
(c) Based on a statement of Rabah bar Rav Shiloh regarding an Eved who laid
Tefilin in front of his Master, how do we reconcile Rebbi with the Chachamim
of Rebbi Meir?
(a) Is it not rather strange that marrying his Eved to a bas Chorin is a
sign that he has set him free, whereas his own betrothal to his Shifchah is
not? How does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak establish the latter case to explain
(b) What is then the basis of the Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and the
(c) Why would it have been different had the master just said 'Hiskadshi
(a) Is it a sign of freedom if a master ...
(b) How does Rabah bar Rav Shiloh reconcile Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi, who
says 'Eved she'Hini'ach Tefilin bi'Fnei Rabo, Yeitzei le'Cheirus' with the
- ... borrows from his slave or if he appoints him an agent over his property?
- ... saw him laying Tefilin or being called up to the Torah and did not protest?
(a) When Rav Dimi came from Eretz Yisrael, what did he quote Rebbi Yochanan
as saying regarding a dying man who says 'P'lonis Shifchasi Al Yishta'bdu
Bah le'Achar Mosi'?
(b) What had Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi said to Rebbi Yochanan at the time?
What objection had they raised?
(c) According to them, what *did* the dying man mean?
(d) When Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah came from Eretz Yisrael, he had a different
version of Rebbi Yochanan's statement.
What did he quote Rebbi Yochanan as
saying, regarding a dying man who said 'P'lonis Shifchasi Koras Ru'ach
As'sah Li, Ye'aseh Lah Koras Ru'ach'?
(a) We have already cited Ameimar who says that 'ha'Mafkir Avdo, Oso Eved
Ein Lo Takanah'.
Why is that?
(b) How does Ameimar then explain both Rebbi Yochanan and Rav, whom we cited
above as saying that 'ha'Mafkir and ha'Makdish Avdo, the Eved goes out to
freedom, and requires a Get Shichrur?
(c) What is the alternative version of Ameimar's Halachah?
(d) Rav Ashi asks on Ameimar from Rav Dimi, whom we just saw requires a Get
Shichrur in the case of 'P'lonis Shifchasi Al Yishta'bdu Bah le'Achar Mosi'.
On what grounds do we reject the answer that Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi anyway
repudiate Rebbi Yochanan's statement?
(a) How did Ameimar answer the Kashya from Rav Dimi?
(b) What happened to the town of slaves that was sold to Nochrim?
(c) What instructions did Ravina issue to the Avadim who came to ask him
what to do?
(d) What did Ravina reply to the Rabbanan who queried ...
- ... his instructions from Ameimar?
- ... his reply on the grounds that Rav Dimi was proved wrong? Like whom is the Halachah, like Ameimar or like Ravina?
(a) In the story of the two partners who jointly owned an Eved Cena'ani,
what was the second partner afraid of when the first partner set free his
portion in the Eved?
Answers to questions
(b) How did the Rabbanan subsequently penalize him when he gave him to his
minor son in the knowledge that Ketanim are not subject to coercion?
(c) What was the purpose of the Apotropus?
(d) On what basis was the Sh'tar valid, seeing as he was only a Katan?
(a) What does the Tana of a Beraisa say in a case where someone declares ...
(b) Rebbi only makes sense according to Rebbi Yochanan's interpretation of
- ... 'I set P'loni Avdi free' or 'P'loni Avdi has been set free'?
- ... 'I will set P'loni Avdi free', according to Rebbi?
What does Rebbi Yochanan say?
(c) Why do the Chachamim disagree with Rebbi? Why do they say 'Lo Kanah'?
(d) In all of these cases an appropriate Kinyan would be more effective than
In which case would neither be required?
(a) What does the Tana of another Beraisa say in a case where someone
(b) The Chachamim argue, as they did in the previous case, and Rebbi
Yochanan establishes that Beraisa too, in the case of a Sh'tar.
- ... 'I have given Sadeh P'lonis to so-and-so' or 'Sadeh P'lonis is given to so-and-so'?
- ... 'I will give Sadeh P'lonis to so-and-so', according to Rebbi Meir?
Why is it
not possible to explain Rebbi Yochanan (in both statements) to mean that the
transaction was made verbally but that the previous owner becomes obligated
to write a Sh'tar?
(c) Why would it be feasible to do so in the case of the Eved according to
(a) What does the Tana of another Beraisa say in the case where someone
declares that he ...
(b) What is the basic difference between the two cases?
- ... set P'loni Avdi free, but P'loni Avdo denies it?
- ... set him free with a Sh'tar, and he denies it?
(c) What does the same Tana say in the case where someone declares that he
(d) It seems obvious that in the latter case the original owner continues to
eat the Peiros of the field, as Rav Chisda says.
- ... gave Sadeh P'lonis to so-and-so, but so-and-so denies it?
- ... wrote it in a Sh'tar and gave it to him?
Then why does Rabah say
that the fruit is placed in the hands of a trustee (which presumably means
that it is sold and the money placed with him) until Mashi'ach comes?
(a) What is an Apotiki?
Answers to questions
(b) The Tana of our Mishnah states that strictly speaking, if the master
made an Eved an Apotiki and then set him free, the Eved has no obligations.
According to Rav, the Tana is referring to the first master setting him
free, and he goes free due to a statement by Rava.
What did Rava say about
Hekdesh, Chametz and Shichrur?
(c) What is the case of ...
(d) Rava is talking specifically about Kedushas ha'Guf.
- ... Hekdesh?
- ... Chametz?
- ... Shichrur?
What would be the
Din in the equivalent case by Kedushas Damim?