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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Gitin 36

GITIN 36 - Marcia and Lee Weinblatt of New Jersey have dedicated this Daf in memory of Marcia's mother, Esther Friedman (Esther Chaya Raizel bat Gershom Eliezer) and father, Hyman Smulevitz (Chaim Yisochar ben Yaakov).


(a) What do we initially learn from the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "ve'Kasuv ba'Sefer ve'Chasum"?

(b) How does Rabah therefore explain the 'Tikun ha'Olam' of Raban Gamliel? Who is the author of our Mishnah?

(c) How does Rebbi Elazar explain the Pasuk in Yirmiyah?

(d) Rav Yosef establishes our Mishnah even like Rebbi Meir.
What is then the 'Tikun ha'Olam'? What did the Eidei Chasimah used to sign before the Takanah?

(a) According to the Tana of the Beraisa in support of Rav Yosef, on what condition would a Get be Kasher before the Takanah, when the witnesses would not sign their name?

(b) Rav would stamp the picture of a fish on a Get in lieu of his signature, and Rav Chanina, that of a palm-branch.
How did Rav Chisda sign?

(c) Rav Hoshaya would stamp the picture of an eye.
How did Rabah bar Rav Huna sign?

(d) How do we reconcile this with Raban Gamliel, who required the name of the signatory on the Get?

(a) What is the connection between Hillel's P'ruzbul and the Pasuk in Re'ei "Hishamer Lecha Pen Yihyeh Davar im Levavcha Beliya'al"?

(b) What does the creditor write in the Pruzbul?

(c) Who signs underneath?

(d) According to Abaye, by what right did Hillel countermand the law of the Torah, which cancels all debts at the end of the Sh'mitah year? With which Tana does Hillel concur?

(a) What does Rebbi infer from the double Lashon in the Pasuk in Re'ei "ve'Zeh D'var ha'Sh'mitah, Shamot"? What does this teach us?

(b) How do we know that Sh'mitas ha'Aretz does not depend on the Beis Hamikdash standing?

(c) The criterion for Sh'mitas ha'Aretz is in fact, whether Yovel applies or not.
From where do the Chachamim learn this?

(d) Why did Chazal nevertheless institute Sh'mitas ha'Aretz nowadays?

(a) The Toras Kohanim disagrees with the previous D'rashah.
What does the Toras Kohanim say?

(b) Seeing as min ha'Torah, debts are not cancelled nowadays, who gave the Rabbanan the authority to cancel them?

Answers to questions



(a) We asked earlier by what right Hillel countermanded the law of the Torah, which cancels all debts at the end of the Sh'mitah year, and Abaye established Hillel like Rebbi. Rava disagrees.
Like whom does he establish Hillel?

(b) How does he then answer the initial Kashya on Hillel? On what grounds does he establish Hillel even according to the Rabbanan, who hold that Shevi'is nowadays is d'Oraysa?

(c) We might learn 'Hefker Beis-Din Hefker' from the Pasuk in Ezra "ve'Chol Asher Lo Yavo li'Sheloshes ha'Yamim ... Yochoram Kol Rechusho". We might also learn it from the Pasuk in Yehoshua "ve'Roshei ha'Avos".
How do we learn it from there?

(a) We ask whether Hillel instituted the Takanah of 'P'ruzbul' for his generation only, or for all generations.
What are the ramifications of this She'eilah?

(b) How do we attempt to resolve it from Shmuel, who states that Hillel's P'ruzbul is confined to the Beis-Din of Sura and Neherda'a? What does this prove?

(c) How do we refute this proof?

(d) Why do we now refer to the Beis-Din of Rav Ami and Rav Asi?

(a) What did Shmuel mean when he referred to P'ruzbul as 'Ulbana de'Dayna'?

(b) He continues 'I Ayasher Chayil Avatlinei'.
What do we try to prove from here?

(c) How do we refute this proof?

(d) What did Rav Nachman mean when he said 'Akayminei', seeing as the Takanah was firmly established?

(a) We cited Shmuel earlier who said 'Ha P'rusb'la Ulbana de'Dayna Hu', which we translated as 'Chutzpah'.
What alternative translation do we suggest?

(b) We repudiate the second suggestion by quoting Ula's statement 'Aluvah Kalah she'Zinsah be'Kerev Chupasah'.
What dies Ula's statement refer to?

(c) Rav Mari B'rah de'Bas Shmuel support's Ula from the Pasuk in Shir ha'Shirim "Ad she'ha'Melech bi'Mesibo, Nirdi Nasan Reicho".
How does Rava prove from this very Pasuk that Hashem still loves Yisrael?

(a) What does the Pasuk in Shoftim say about people who 'hear their shame but do not respond ... '?

(b) What must they have done in addition, to earn such a description?

(c) What is 'P'ruzbul' the acronym of?

(d) How is 'P'ruzbul' for the benefit of the poor as well as for the rich?

(a) To whom is the Torah referring when it writes in the Tochachah in Bechukosai "ve'Shacarti es Ge'on Uzchem"? What does this have to do with 'P'ruzbul'?

(b) What is the source for 'Buti' meaning the poor?

(c) What did that foreigner reply, when Rava asked him what 'P'rusbul' meant?

Answers to questions

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