REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Gitin 35
GITIN 34 & 35 - The Dafim have been sponsored by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel and
his wife, Jeri Turkel. May Hashem bless them with many years of Simcha,
health and fulfillment, and may they see all of their children and
grandchildren follow them in the ways of Torah and Yir'as Shamayim!
(a) Rav Kahana (or Rav Yehudah Amar Rav) related the story of a man who,
during a time of famine, deposited with a certain widow a golden Dinar,
which she placed inside a jar of flour.
What did she subsequently ..
(b) What happened not long afterwards?
- ... do with the flour?
- ... swear to the man (in the form of a Neder) when he claimed his golden Dinar?
(c) Considering that she did not use the coin, why was she punished?
(a) What did the Chachamim declare when they heard this story?
(b) Seeing as she did not really swear truly, what did the Chachamim when
they said 'u'Mai Mi she'Nishba be'Emes'?
(a) Why does this not seem to be the source of the Batei-Dinim refraining
from enforcing the Shevu'ah that an Almanah made to the Yesomim when she
claimed her Kesuvah?
(b) Why then, did Rebbi Zeira Amar Shmuel confine that to widows, and not to
(c) Rav and Shmuel both stated that it is only in Beis-Din that they would
not enforce the Shevu'ah, but outside Bes-Din, they would.
What is the
basic difference between a Shevu'ah that is made in Beis-Din and one that is
made outside Beis-Din?
(d) Then what is the reason for Rav and Shmuel's distinction regarding the
Shevu'ah the Almanah makes to the Yesomim?
(a) It is according to the text in Sura that both Rav and Shmuel concurred
in the previous ruling. However, this creates a discrepancy with another
ruling of Rav concerning the Kesuvah of an Almanah.
(b) What was the text of that statement in Neherda'a? What did Rav say
according to this text that resolves the discrepancy?
(c) Why did Rav not apply Raban Gamliel's concession of attaching the
Shevu'ah to a Neder?
(a) Based on Rav's custom not to claim the Kesuvah of an Almanah, Rav
Yehudah refused to accept the claim of a certain widow who wanted her
What did he say when she swore that she had not received anything
from her Kesuvah?
(b) Rabah bar Rav Huna refused to accept the claim of a certain widow on the
grounds that neither Rav nor his father did so (as we have just explained).
When she asked whether she could not at least receive Mezonos, he cited the
opinion of Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel.
What did Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel say
about a woman who claims her Kesuvah in Beis-Din?
(c) Why did they overturn his chair?
(d) Was that move effective? Did it spare him from punishment?
(a) Rav Yehudah compromised on Rav's stringency.
What did he instruct Rav
Yirmiyah Bira'ah to do? Like whom did he hold?
(b) What did he look forward to subsequently hearing?
(a) The divorcee of Acha bar Heidaya, who lived in Eretz Yisroel made a
Neder forbidding all fruits on herself if she received more than a small
percentage of her Kesuvah.
Answers to questions
Who was Ayeh Mari, a name that also appeared on
(b) What had she received besides a heavy coat and a Sefer Tehilim?
(c) What was the total value of the things that she had received?
(d) How do we reconcile this with Rebbi Zeira Amar Shmuel, who restricted
our Mishnah, where Raban Gamliel ha'Zakein instituted attaching the Shevu'ah
to a Neder to a widow, but a divorcee retained the original Din of making a
Shevu'ah only (as we leared earlier)?
(a) Rav Huna restricts Raban Gamliel's Takanah that a woman who claims her
Kesuvah must make a Neder to the Yesomim to avoid swearing falsely, to a
woman who has not already remarried.
Why is that?
(b) Then why are we not worried that ...
- ... even if, when she makes the Neder, she is not yet married, she will rely on the fact that, when she does remarry, her husband will annul the Neder that she made prior to the marriage?
- ... she will go to a Chacham to have the Neder revoked?
(a) Rav Nachman disagrees with Rav Huna. According to him, the woman makes
the Neder required of her by the Yesomim even if she has already remarried.
On what grounds does he argue with Rav Huna? What is the basis of their
(b) How does he avoid the problem of the woman relying on her husband to
annul the Neder?
(c) How does Rav Nachman then explain the Beraisa, which states ...
- ... 'Niseis, Govah Kesuvasah Im Nadrah'?
- ... 'Niseis, Noderes ve'Govah Kesuvasah', which clearly clashes with his interpretation of the previous Beraisa?
(a) Rav Nachman and Rav Papa argue over whether someone who goes to a
Chacham to have his Neder revoked needs to specify his Neder or not.
is Rav Nachman's reason for saying that he does not?
(b) And what is Rav Papa's reason for saying that he does?
(a) What does the Mishnah in Bechoros say about a Kohen who marries women
who are forbidden to him (such as a divorcee)?
Why did ...
(b) According to Rav Nachman, we are not afraid that he will simply go to a
Chacham to have his Neder revoked, because he has to make a Neder 'be'Rabim.
How will we avoid the problem according to those who permit a Neder be'Rabim
to be rescinded?
(c) What is a Neder 'al-Da'as Rabim'?
(d) Under which circumstances can even a Neder she'Hudar al-Da'as Rabim be
Answers to questions
- ... Rav Acha depose a certain children's Rebbe with a Neder al-Da'as Rabim that he would never teach children again?
- ... Ravina revoke that Neder?