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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Gitin 31

GITIN 31 - sponsored by Hagaon Rav Yosef Pearlman of London, England, a living demonstration of love for and adoration of the Torah.


(a) May one designate fruit to separate Terumos and Ma'asros from it to exempt other batches of Tevel?

(b) What does Rebbi Elazar ben Shamu'a say in the event that one discovers the fruit to be no longer there?

(c) According to Rebbi Yochanan, 'Me'es Le'es' means that we assume the fruit to have been lost only during the twenty-four hours prior to the time of discovery, but before that, it is assumed to have been there.
How does Rebbi Elazar ben Antignos Mishum Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Yanai explain it?

(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah, one is obligated to examine the wine that one has designated on three occasions. Two of them, when the east wind blows on Motza'ei Succos and when the grapes reach the stage of S'madar.
What is 'S'madar'?

(b) The third occasion is 'be'Sha'as K'nisas Mayim be'Bosar'.
What is 'Bosar'?

(c) What else might 'be'Sha'as K'nisas Mayim be'Bosar' mean?

Answers to questions



(a) In the event that one discovers the designated fruit to be no longer there, Rebbi Elazar in our Mishnah applied the S'vara of Chazakah to permit any fruit that was Ma'asered on account of it, in a period of twenty-four hours (according to the interpretations of Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar ben Antignos Mishum Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Yanai respectively).
Is Rebbi Elazar's opinion unanimous?

(b) What do the Rabbanan in Mikva'os say about a Mikvah that had originally contained forty Sa'ah, but, when measured, was found to be lacking?

(c) Neither do they differentiate between a Mikvah in a Reshus ha'Yachid or one that is in a Reshus ha'Rabim.
Why might we have thought that one should?

(d) Why do they not apply the principle of ...

  1. ... Safek Tum'ah bi'Reshus ha'Rabim, Tahor?
  2. ... Chazakah?
4) When the Rabbanan in Mikva'os say 'Mikveh she'Nimdad ... Kol Taharos she'Na'asu al-Gabav Lemafre'a ... Teme'os', why do we need Rebbi Elazar (ben P'das) to inform us that they argue with Rebbi Elazar (ben Shamu'a)? Is that not obvious?


(a) We learned in our Mishnah that, according to Rebbi Yehudah, one is obligated to examine the wine that one has designated when the east wind blows on Motza'ei Succos.
How does the Tana of the Beraisa qualify this?

(b) Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa, gives three dates from when one may sell produce or wine.
What are the ramifications of this Halachah?

(c) Two of the dates vis-a-vis ...

  1. ... produce are before the seeding and at the time of seeding (see Tosfos).
    What is the third date? What does 'P'ros' mean?
  2. ... wine are P'ros ha'Pesach and P'ros Atzeres (i.e. Shavu'os).
    What is the third date?
(d) By the same token, a partner is permitted to sell oil without consulting his partner - from Shavu'os and onwards?
6) What will be the Din after the last of these dates?


(a) The Pasuk in Yonah refers to the east wind (that Hashem blew after the sun shone) as "Ru'ach Kadim Charishis".
On what grounds does Rabah reject Rav Yehudah's interpretation of 'a wind that is so powerful that it creates furrows in the sea'?

(b) So how does Rabah interpret it? Why is it then referred to as "Charishis"?

(a) Rav Huna and Rav Chisda were seated when Geniva approached them.
On what grounds did ...
  1. ... one of them propose that they stand up before him?
  2. ... the other one decline to do so?
(b) What did Geniva say in the name of ... Rav about ...
  1. ... winds in general and the north wind in particular?
  2. ... the south wind? Whom did he mean by 'ben Netz'?
(c) Where was Rav Nachman bar Ya'akov sitting and what color cloak was he wearing when Rava went to greet him?

(d) Why did Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak initially decline to go with him?

(a) What reason did Rav Nachman bar Ya'akov give for revealing his arm?

(b) How did Rava react to Rav Nachman bar Ya'akov's statement? Whom did he quote?

(c) If Rav said that the east-wind causes a woman to have a miscarriage, and Shmuel, that it causes the pearls on the sea-bed to rot, what did Rebbi Yochanan add?

(d) How did Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak then explain the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "ve'Hu Bein Achim Yafri, Yavo *Kadim* ... "? What did Hoshei'a mean by ...

  1. ... "ve'Yeivosh Mekoro"?
  2. ... "ve'Yecherav Mekoro"?
  3. ... "ve'Hu Yishseh Otzar Kol K'li Chemdah"?
(a) What did Rava mean when he commented on Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak's explanation 'Ada Sura'ah Hu'?

(b) Rava himself explained the phrase (in the same Pasuk) "ve'Hu Bein Achim Yafri" to mean that the east wind even separates the handle from the spade. What did ...

  1. ... Rav Yosef mean when he said 'Afilu Sichsa be'Dafna'?
  2. ... Rav Acha bar Ya'akov mean when he said 'Kanya be'Kufsa Rafya'?
***** Hadran Alach, Kol ha'Get *****

Answers to questions

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