POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Gitin 31
GITIN 31 - sponsored by Hagaon Rav Yosef Pearlman of London, England, a
living demonstration of love for and adoration of the Torah.
1) LEAVING PRODUCE FROM WHICH TO TAKE TITHES
(a) (Mishnah): Reuven designated fruit or money, intending
that he can declare some of this fruit (or money) to be
Terumah or Ma'aser (or the redemption of Ma'aser Sheni)
when he wants. He may do this - he may assume that the
fruit or money is intact.
1. R. Elazar says, if he finds that the fruit or money
was lost, he must be concerned for 24 hours (if he
relied on it to tithe or redeem produce or Ma'aser
Sheni, perhaps the fruit or money was already lost,
and the tithing or redemption was invalid).
(b) (Gemara): Question: Which 24 hours (are we concerned
2. R. Yehudah says, we must check wine (from which we
want to declare tithes) at 3 times to ensure that it
has not spoiled: when the east wind blows after
Sukos; when unripe grapes appear on the vines; when
unripe grapes start filling up with liquid.
(c) Answer #1 (R. Yochanan): The last 24 hours before
checking and finding that the fruit or money was lost.
(d) Answer #2 (R. Elazar ben Antigonus): The 24 hours after
designating the fruit or money (we assume it was intact;
after that, we are in doubt).
(e) (Mishnah): R. Elazar says, if he finds that the fruit or
money was lost, he must be concerned for 24 hours.
2) THE WINDS
1. This fits the opinion that we are concerned for the
last 24 hours.
(f) (Mishnah): This is the opinion of R. Elazar (ben Shamua).
2. Question: According to R. Elazar ben Antigonus, it
should say we are concerned until 24 hours after
i. This is left difficult.
(g) (R. Elazar (ben Pedas)): Chachamim argue on R. Elazar.
1. (Mishnah): A Mikvah was measured and found to be
lacking. Any foods that came in contact with people
or Tamei vessels that immersed in the Mikvah, are
(h) Question: This is clear from the Mishnah that Chachamim
argue - why did R. Elazar have to teach this?
i. This applies whether in a public or private
(i) Answer: One might have thought, Chachamim only meant that
the foods are retroactively Tamei for 24 hours - we hear,
this is not so.
(j) (Mishnah - R. Yehudah): At 3 times we check...
(k) (Beraisa): When the east wind blows after the autumn
equinox (this is what the Mishnah means by 'Sukos').
(l) (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): We sell grain at 3 times - before
seeding, at the time of seeding, and in the 2 weeks
1. We sell wine at 3 times - in the 2 weeks before
Pesach, in the 2 weeks before Shavu'os, in the 2
weeks before Sukos.
(m) Question: To what law is this relevant?
2. We sell oil after Shavu'os.
(n) Answer (Rava): Partnerships (when 1 partner may sell,
even if the other does not want to sell).
(o) Question: After the last time, when are they sold?
(p) Answer (Rava): At any time.
(a) Question: "An east wind Charishis" - what does
(b) Answer (Rav Yehudah): When the east wind blows, it makes
furrows in the water (from the language Charishah,
(c) Objection (Rava): But this does not at all explain "The
sun shone intensely on Yonah's head and he grew faint"!
(d) Answer #2 (Rava): When the east wind blows, it silences
all the other winds (negates their cooling effects, from
the language Hecherish, to be silent).
1. Support (Rav Tachlifa bar Rav Chisda): "Your
clothing is warm, when the land is silent from the
south" - your clothing is warm when the south wind
has been silenced.
(e) Rav Huna and Rav Chisda were sitting; Geneiva passed by.
One of them suggested rising to honor him, for he is
i. The east wind silences the other winds.
1. The other: Should we stand up for one who instigates
(f) (Geneiva): Four winds blow every day; the north wind
accompanies all of them - if not for the north wind, the
world could not endure at all.
1. The east wind is the harshest - if not for a special
angel that withholds it, it would destroy the world.
(g) (Rav): The east wind can make a woman miscarry.
(h) (Shmuel): It even causes pearls in the sea to rot.
(i) (R. Yochanan): It even causes semen in the womb to spoil.
(j) (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): All 3 opinions were learned
from this verse - "He makes evil sprout; an east wind of
Hash-m arises from the wilderness and dries up the
1. "It dries up the source" - this is the womb;
(k) Question: "He makes evil Yafri (sprout)" - what does this
2. "It destroys his spring" - this is semen in the
3. "It despoils a storehouse of desired vessels" -
these are pearls of the sea.
(l) Answer #1 (Rava): Even the handle of a shovel Rafya
(softens) [in the east wind].