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Gitin 87

1) [line 5] SAHADEI - witnesses

2a) [line 9] SHA'ALU PASUL - [if the witnesses signed the Get after the words telling them to] "inquire [about his welfare]," then the Get is invalid [because we are concerned that the witnesses are attesting only to the words of greeting and not to the rest of the contents of the Get]
b) [line 10] V'SHA'ALU KASHER - [if the witnesses signed the Get after the words telling them,] "*and* inquire [about his welfare]," then the Get is valid [because the word "and" connects the words of greeting with the earlier content of the Get]

3) [line 13] NICHTAV BA'YOM V'NECHTAM BA'LAILAH - if the Get was written during the day, but signed at night

4) [line 15] B'CHAD B'SHABA - on Sunday

5a) [line 36] EDIM IVRIM - Jewish witnesses [who write from right to left]
b) [line 36] EDIM YEVANIM - (lit. Greek witnesses) (a) Jewish witnesses who signed in the Greek *method,* signing their fathers' names first and then their own names, and as a result, the names of the fathers are under the right-hand Get and their own names are under the left-hand Get (RASHI); (b) Jewish witnesses who signed in Greek, from left to right (RAMBAM, Peirush ha'Mishnayos)

6) [line 39] B'VEN YAKOV ED - [let the right-hand Get be valid with the first signature, "Reuven," and the left-hand Get be valid] with [the second part of his signature,] "Ben Ya'akov, witness"


7) [line 2] SIMANA SHAVYEI - perhaps he made it a [unique] symbol [with which he signs documents]

8) [line 3] RAV TZIYAR KAVRA - Rav drew a fish
9) [line 3] CHARUSA - a palm branch
10) [line 4] SAMECH - the letter Samech
11) [line 4] AYIN - the letter Ayin
12) [line 5] MAKUSA - (a) the mast of a ship (RASHI); (b) the sail of a ship (RASHI Gitin 36a); (c) a ship (ARUCH)

13) [line 8] KESAVO - its text
14) [line 9] KEIVAN D'MUFLAG BI'SHNEI SHITIN - since they (the Greek signatures) are distanced [from the text of the second Get by a distance of] two lines (where the Hebrew signatures are)

15) [line 12] GUNDALIS CHASIM - they signed in an unusual way (i.e. the Greek witnesses signed their names in the method of Hebrew signatures, writing their names on the right and their fathers' names on the left -- RASHI)

16) [line 19] DAF HA'SHENI - (O.F. colomel) the second column

17) [line 21] GET PASHUT
Two types of Gitin were in use at the time of Chazal: a Get Pashut and a Get Mekushar. A Get Pashut is written on a piece of parchment, etc., that is Pashut (spread out and unfolded), and the witnesses sign on the bottom, below the text. A Get Mekushar is written in a very cumbersome manner. One or two lines are written, part of the parchment is folded over the writing and the fold is sewn down. A witness must sign on each part that is folded over. The Get Mekushar was instituted so that quick-tempered Kohanim would not be able to divorce their wives easily, since a Kohen may not marry a divorcee. It was assumed that the amount of time necessary to write a Get Mekushar would give the Kohen time to calm down.

18a) [line 21] HIKIF - he attached
b) [line 21] ROSHO SHEL ZEH B'TZAD ROSHO SHEL ZEH - the top of this Get to the top of the other Get (the words of one Get are rotated 180 degrees with regard to the other Get)

19) [line 31] NEKIYEI HA'DA'AS - lit. the pure of mind, who write and speak concisely

20) [line 32] CHANICHASO - (a) his surname (family name); (b) his nickname (ARUCH)

21) [line 33] ISRAMI - it happened to coincide
22) [line 34] GAZYEI - he cut off

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