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Gitin 78

GITIN 77-79 - Dedicated by an admirer of the work of the Dafyomi Advancement Forum, l'Iluy Nishmas Mrs. Gisela Turkel, Golda bas Reb Chaim Yitzchak Ozer, A"H.

1) [line 1] SHEM LEVAI - a qualifying title added to its name; adjective
2) [line 10] MEKOM KAR'EI - (lit. the space of the legs) the space on the ground on which the legs of the bed rest

3) [line 18] YERECHOSEHA - her thighs
4) [line 25] TASKA D'ACHLAH BAH TAMREI - a sack full of dates, from which she is eating

5) [line 25] SHETAR CHOV - a loan document
6) [line 27] HA GITECH - this is your Get

The Torah states (Devarim 24:1) that if a man wants to divorce his wife, he must write a Sefer Kerisus (lit. "a document that cuts [the bond between them]") and hand it to her ("v'Nasan b'Yadah") in front of two witnesses. Since the verse stresses that he must hand it to her, Rava learns that if he were to tell her to pick up her Get from the ground, she does not become divorced.

8) [line 30] SHALAFTO ME'ACHORAV - she pulled it out (while it was in his belt) from behind him

9) [line 31] ARAK LAH CHARTZEI - (a) he bent his middle towards her (making it easier for her to take the Get from his belt) (RASHI); (b) according to the Girsa *ADIK* LAH CHARTZEI - he contracted his middle (loosening the Get that was tightly wedged in between his stomach and his belt, making it easier for her to take the Get) (RABEINU CHANANEL, cited by the ARUCH)

(a) When a person acquires an object, he must make a Ma'aseh Kinyan (a formal Halachically-binding act denoting the change in ownership). The forms of Ma'aseh Kinyan that may be used for for Metaltelin (movable goods) are: 1. Hagbahah, i.e. lifting an item; 2. Meshichah (lit. pulling), i.e. causing an item to move; 3. Chatzer, i.e. bringing the item into one's domain.
(b) The Kinyan of Chatzer works only when the Chatzer is a stationary domain. If the Chatzer is a moving domain ("Chatzer Mehaleches" -- lit. "a walking Chatzer"), then the Chatzer is not effective to make a Kinyan. Hence, an object placed on a person's slave cannot be acquired through Kinyan Chatzer (even though the slave is considered the person's domain), because the slave is a moving Chatzer.

11) [line 44] KAFUS - [the slave, who is holding the Get, is given to the wife when he is] bound

12) [line 45] MEGURESHES V'EINAH MEGURESHES - (lit. she is divorced and she is not divorced) her divorce is doubtful, necessitating another Get

13) [last line] IY EFSHAR L'TZAMTZEM
It is impossible for natural (i.e. not intentionally planned) events to occur simultaneously, i.e. it is impossible for both the husband and wife to have arrived at the same spot simultaneously.

14) [last line] 8 AMOS METZUMTZAMOS - exactly eight Amos apart


15) [line 2] AGID GABEI - [the Get is still] in his domain (lit. pulled towards him) (since it has not left his four Amos)

16) [line 14] YAD'IN CHAVRIN BAVLA'EI LIFRUSHEI KI HAI TA'AMA - [I am very impressed that] our Babylonian colleagues (i.e. Rebbi Yonasan) know how to interpret the Mishnah using this logic

17) [line 17] KOL HEICHI TINTEREI V'SEIZIL?! - Must she guard the Get for all time?

18) [line 21] SHINENA! - well-learned person!
19) [line 21] KEDEI SHE'TASHU'ACH V'SITLENU - [the Get should be close enough to her] in order for her to bend down and take it

20) [line 28] V'YATZ'AH V'HAYESAH - Geirushin and Kidushin are compared to each other through a Hekesh (Kesuvos 47a, Kidushin 5a) in the verse "v'Yatz'ah [mi'Beiso; v'Halchah] v'Hayesah [l'Ish Acher.]" - "And she will leave [his house (the house of her first husband)] and she will be [a wife to another man.]" (Devarim 24:2) - The word "v'Yatz'ah ("and she will leave") refers to Geirushin and "v'Hayesah" ("and she will be") refers to Kidushin.

21) [line 35] MESHATEH ANI BACH - [he may say] "I was only misleading you"
22) [line 36] MESHICHAH - (O.F. linoel) linen thread, string
23) [line 36] L'NATKO - to snatch it away
24) [line 38] K'KATAFRAS - like a slope (i.e. at an angle pointing downward)
25) [line 40] ARBA AMOS SHE'AMRU - the four Amos that they stated [were a place in which a person may make a Kinyan (or a woman may receive a Get)

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