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Gitin 76

GITIN 76 - This Daf has been sponsored by Martin Fogel of Carlsbad, California in memory of his father, Yaakov ben Shlomo Fogel, whose Yahrzeit is 20 Nisan.

1) [line 3] AL MENAS SHE'TESHAMSHI ES ABA - on the condition that you serve my father

2) [line 10] KESUVIM - scriptures, the Tanach

(a) A Binyan Av (lit. 'building through a father,' -- father in this sense means a Biblical source), is a rule of Biblical interpretation in which one subject is deemed a prototype in order to apply a Halachah stated by that subject to other comparable subjects.
(b) If two verses express the same Halachah regarding two different subjects, we cannot apply the Halachah elsewhere through a Binyan Av. Through the fact that the Torah found it necessary to repeat the law the second time, we may deduce that the Halachah is *not* meant to be applied automatically in all situations.

4) [line 29] AKAVAH - delay, impediment
5) [line 39] YEHUDAH - the land of Yehudah, consisting of the lands south of the ancient city of Antipatris, near the modern-day Rosh ha'Ayin

6) [line 39] GALIL - the modern-day Galil, north of Megido
7) [line 39] ANTIPRAS - Antipatris, a strategic city built by Herod and named for his father, Antipater, situated at the source of the Yarkon River (located near Kefar Sava)

8) [line 40] KEFAR OSNAI - a town at the foot of the mountains of the Shomron at the edge of the Yizre'el Valley, near Tel Megido. It was near the modern-day village (abandoned) of Lejjun.


9) [line 1] TENA'EI - conditions, stipulations
10) [line 2] IY MATINA - If I arrive
11) [line 8] KI HAVU MIFTEREI RABANAN MEHADADEI - when the sages would take leave of each other (when the visiting scholars from outside of Eretz Yisrael would begin their journey to their homes)

12) [line 9] ASUR LATZES ME'ARETZ L'CHUTZ LA'ARETZ - it is prohibited to leave Eretz Yisrael to settle in Chutz la'Aretz

13) [line 17] LISHNA MA'ALYA NAKAT - he (the Tana of the Mishnah) chose to use "clean" language

14) [line 18] GET YASHAN - (lit. "an old Get") a bill of divorce given after the date that appears in it, on which it was written and signed When a man writes a Get for his wife and secludes himself with her before giving her the Get, Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue as to whether he is permitted to use this Get to divorce her or not (Mishnah Gitin 79b). Beis Hillel prohibits using this Get, since the date on the Get (which is earlier than the date of the actual divorce) may cause people to think that the divorce occurred earlier, and that any offspring that were conceived between the time of the writing of the Get and the time that it was actually used were born out of wedlock. Beis Shamai does not consider this is a cause for concern (Gemara ibid.)

15) [line 21] PIYES - he appeased her
16) [line 35] BEI DINA D'SHARU MISHCHA - the Beis Din that lifted the prohibition against using oil of a Nochri. This refers to the Beis Din of Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'ah (a grandson of Rebbi).

17) [last line] LECHESHE'TETZEI CHAMAH MI'NARTIKAH - (lit. when the sun comes out of its sheath) when the sun comes up

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