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Gitin 57

GITIN 56 & 57 - Anonymously dedicated by an ardent supporter who wants the Zechus of spreading Torah throughout the world.

1) [line 1] B'MAI D'PASIK A'NAFSHEI - in that which he decreed upon himself
2) [line 1] MACHNESHEI LEI L'KITMEI - they gather his ashes
3) [line 5] "LO SIDROSH SHELOMAM V'TOVASAM KOL YAMECHA L'OLAM." - "Do not seek their (people of Amon and Moav) peace or welfare all of your days, forever." (Devarim 23:7)

4) [line 8] POSH'EI YISRAEL - the sinners of Israel (in old, pre-censored manuscripts, the text here reads "J. of Nazareth")

5) [line 11] BAVAS EINO - the pupil of the eye
6) [line 13] HA'MAL'IG - that ridicules
7) [line 13] TZO'AH ROSACHAS - boiling hot excrement
8) [line 17] GUNDA D'ROMA'EI - a Roman military legion
9) [line 17] NAFLU ALAIHU - they (the local Jewish residents) fell upon them (the Roman troops)

10) [line 17] (MECHUNAHU) [MECHANUHU] - they beat them
11) [line 18] BAR DAROMA - southerner
12) [line 18] HAVAH KAFITZ MILA V'KATIL BEHU - he would jump [the distance of] a Mil and kill some of them (the Roman troops)

13) [line 18] TAGEI - his crown
14) [line 21] ASA DERAKONA - a serpent came
15) [line 21] SHAMTEI L'CHARKASHEI - he dislodged his intestines (rectum)
16) [line 22] IZDAKUR - they leaped (with joy)
17) [line 22] BELAYUNA D'GUSHPANKA - the stone (amulet) of a ring (could be distinguished a mile away from the lit-up town)

18) [line 23] SHELIFEI SEYAFA - [300,000] sword-bearers
19) [line 24] UV'HACH GISA HILULEI V'CHINGEI - and on this side [of the mountain] was rejoicing and partying

20) [line 28] USHPIZA - lodging (for visitors)
21) [line 28] SHECHALAYIM - (O.F. cresson) a type of cress (RASHI to Eruvin 28a)
22) [line 29] SHITIN RIVEVASA KANEI - 600,000 reeds
23) [line 30] SHEKUREI MESHAKRISU - you are liars
24) [line 31] GAMDA - (O.F. retrait) shrunk, contracted
25) [line 35] SHE'PITPET B'YITZRO - he belittled [and conquered] his Yetzer [ha'Ra]
26) [line 37] MUDYA - a Roman dry measure (equal to a Se'ah)
27) [line 39] SHUSHVINAV - his close friend
28) [line 40] SHIKRAN - he made them drunk
29) [line 40] LOVEN BEITZAH - the white of an egg
30) [line 41] SOLED - (O.F. retrait) dries and coagulates
31) [line 42] DOCHEH - becomes watery (and absorbed into the fabric)
32) [line 44] "SIMCHU ES YERUSHALAYIM V'GILU VAH KOL OHAVEHA; SISU ITAH MASOS KOL HA'MIS'ABLIM ALEHA." - "Rejoice with Yerushalayim and be glad with her, all who love her; exult with her an exultation, all who mourn for her." (Yeshayah 66:10)

33) [line 45] SHASLEI ARZA - they would plant a cedar tree
34) [line 45] TURNISA - (O.F. pin) pine tree
35) [line 45] MINSEVEI - get married
36) [line 46] GENANA - a Chupah (marriage canopy)
37) [line 46] BERATEI D'KEISAR - the daughter of the Caesar
38) [line 46] ITVAR SAKA D'RISPAK - the axle of the carriage broke
39) [line 47] "GADA BA'CHARI AF KOL KEREN YISRAEL." - "He cut down in raging anger all of the pride of Yisrael." (Eichah 2:3)

40) [line 48] KARNEI MILCHAMAH - (lit. the horns of war) the leaders of the legions (who blow horns in order to gather their men together for battle)

41) [line 50] BIK'AS YADAYIM - the name of a place (a valley below the city of Beitar)
42) [last line] BATZRU - harvested [grapes]


43) [line 3] NEVUZARADAN RAV TABACHIM - the general who was sent by Nevuchadnetzar to destroy Yerushalayim, burn the Beis ha'Mikdash and take the survivors captive to Bavel

44) [line 8] MARTACH V'SALIK - boiling (bubbling) and rising
45) [line 10] MASRIKNA L'VISRAICHU B'MASREKEI D'FARZELEI - I will comb off your flesh with combs of iron

46) [line 18] SHETAR PERATESA - a legal document instructing one's family what to do with one's property (usually written with intention to take effect after one's death)

47) [line 19] NA'AMAN
(a) Elisha was a great prophet and was well known as a worker of miracles. One time an Aramean general (Na'aman), who was suffering from Tzara'as, was persuaded by his Jewish maidservant to seek the help of Elisha to cure him of his disease. He hesitatingly agreed, and to his surprise Elisha cured him completely. Overcome with gratitude, he offered great sums of money as a tribute to Elisha, who refused to accept anything, preferring not to diminish the honor of Hashem by lending a commercial aspect to his actions.
(b) Elisha's attendant Gechazi, however, allowed his greed to get the better of him. He ran after the general and falsely claimed that Elisha had changed his mind and did indeed want a talent of silver and two changes of clothing as payment for his services. Na'aman enthusiastically complied, saying: "Swear to me [that you are telling the truth, and] take two talents!" Gechazi acceded to his wish and Na'aman wrapped up two talents of silver in two pouches, and sent them, along with the two changes of clothing, with two of his servants (Melachim II 5:1-24)

48) [line 19] GER TOSHAV - A Ben Noach who accepts upon himself to fulfill the seven Noachide laws (This is the opinion of the Chachamim in Avodah Zarah 64b. Other Tana'im define Ger Toshav differently, ibid.)

49) [line 19] BENEI BERAK - the city where Rebbi Akiva's Yeshiva was located, to the south of the present day city of that name by the Mesubin junction

50) [line 20] SISRA
(a) After the death of the Shofet Ehud ben Geira, Benei Yisrael became lax in their observance of Torah and Mitzvos. In order to prompt them to do Teshuvah, HaSh-m caused King Yavin of Chatzor to attack and subjugate them. After twenty years of subjugation under the cruel general Sisra, Benei Yisrael finally repented and cried out to HaSh-m to save them.
(b) Since they were now worthy of redemption, HaSh-m told Devorah the prophetess that if Benei Yisrael wage war against Sisra, they will be successful. She and Barak ben Avino'am led Benei Yisrael to victory, with the help of HaSh-m, who caused a flash flood in Nachal Kishon that wiped out much of Sisra's army and all of his 900 iron chariots. Sisra escaped the battlefield, only to be killed by Ya'el, the wife of Chever ha'Keini. The account of this battle and the glorious Song of Devorah that it inspired are recorded in Shoftim 4-5.

51) [line 20] SANCHERIV - the king of Assyria
52) [line 21] "L'HA'ALSO CHEMAH LINKOM NAKAM, NASATI ES DAMAH AL TZECHI'ACH SALA L'VILTI HIKASOS." - "In order to arouse wrath to take vengeance, I have placed her blood on the smooth stone, so that it not be covered." (Yechezkel 24:8)

53) [line 21] ADARYANUS - Hadrian, Emperor of Rome from 3877-3898 (117-138 C.E.)
54) [line 22] ALEKSANDRIA SHEL MITZRAYIM - Alexandria, Egypt, named after Alexander the Great

55) [line 23] ASPASYANUS KEISAR - Vespasian, the Roman emperor, who led the war against the Jews before he became emperor, which led to the destruction of the Beis ha'Mikdash

56) [line 25] SHE'EIN BAH MI'ZAR'O SHEL YAKOV - that does not have in it a descendant of Yakov (i.e. Tefilah is effective only when offered by a descendant of Yakov Avinu)

57) [line 26] "B'SHOT LASHON TECHAVEI, V'LO SIRA MI'SHOD KI YAVO." - "When there is a sneaking tongue you will have refuge, and you will not be afraid of destruction when it comes." (Iyov 5:21)

58) [line 26] CHIRCHUREI LASHON - (a) contests of the tongue (i.e. prayer) [will protect the Jewish people] (MAHARSHA, IYUN YAKOV); (b) tongues that contest (i.e. speak Lashon ha'Ra) [one must find refuge from] (RASHI; according to Rashi, this statement is referring back to the beginning of the account of the Churban on 56a, which mentions Lashon ha'Ra)

59) [line 30] SHE'NISHBU L'KALON - who were taken captive for shameful acts (the boys for sodomy, and the girls to be concubines, RASHI)

60) [line 31] "MI'BASHAN ASHIV, ASHIV MI'METZULOS YAM." - "From Bashan I shall return [them], I shall return [them] from the depths of the sea." (Tehilim 68:23)

61) [line 35] ASYUHU KAMA - they brought the first [son]
62) [line 35] PELACH! - bow down!
63) [line 36] AFKUHU V'KATLUHU - they took him out and killed him
64) [line 45] ISHDI LACH GUSHPANKA V'GACHIN V'SHAKLEI KI HEICHI D'LEIMRU KABIL ALEI HARMENA D'MALKA - I will throw down before you my signet ring and you will bend down and take it, so that so that the people will say that he accepts upon himself the authority of the king

65) [line 45] CHAVAL ALACH! - Pity on you!
66) [line 47] V'INASHKEI PURSA - and I will kiss him a little
67) [line 47] AKADTA - bound as an offering [to Hash-m]
68) [line 48] BAS KOL - a heavenly voice, a minor form of prophecy. One of the lower forms of prophecy is called Bas Kol (lit. echo), where certain individuals of a high spiritual status hear a Heavenly voice. The Gemara in numerous places cites instances when a Bas Kol was heard, relaying information from the heavens to the earth.

69) [line 49] ZU MILAH - [the verse cited earlier from Tehilim 44] refers to the Mitzvah of Milah

70) [line 49] ELU TALMIDEI CHACHAMIM SHE'MAR'IN HILCHOS SHECHITAH B'ATZMAN - [the verse cited earlier from Tehilim 44] refers to Torah scholars who demonstrate (through mimicking) the laws of Shechitah on their own bodies

71) [line 50] DAVAR ACHER - Tzara'as and other signs of Nega'im

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