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Gitin 20

GITIN 19 & 20 - have been anonymously dedicated by a very special Marbitz Torah and student of the Daf from Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.

1) [line 7] KULMUS - a stylus or quill
2) [line 12] EIN HA'SHEM MIN HA'MUVCHAR - the Holy Name written in this way is not the choicest and is therefore Pasul (SHACH Yoreh Deah 276:2); the mistake must be erased and the Holy Name must be written with sanctity (Maseches Sofrim 5:3)

3) [line 14] "V'ANVEHU" - "and I will glorify Him" (Shemos 15:2)
4) [line 21] SHALCHU MI'TAM The Chachamim sent from there (Eretz Yisrael)
5) [line 21] ISUREI HANA'AH - items from which it is prohibited by the Torah to benefit (such an item is considered, therefore, to be of no monetary value).

6) [line 24] CHAZI L'ITZTARUFEI - fit to be combined
7) [line 26] KALSUHA they (the Chachamim) praised it (the ruling)
8) [line 27] ALMA HILCHESA KAVASEI - therefore, the Halachah follows him (Levi) (Rashi: because he troubled himself to say it over in the name of the majority; Tosfos: because the Chachamim only praised him when he said it over in the name of the majority)

9) [line 28] CHAKAK engraved
10a) [line 29] TAVLA - [engraved on] a board
b) [line 30] PINKAS - [engraved on] a writing tablet

11) [line 31] KIPA - a woolen head-covering (worn by women underneath their kerchiefs, Rashi) (upon which the words of a Get are woven but not written, Aruch)

12) [line 31] ANDUCHTREI - an ornament upon which pictures are woven

13a) [line 32] CHAK TOCHOS - (lit. chisels the insides) one form of an engraving letters is done by chiseling the material around the form of the letter so that the letter comes out in relief (protruding)
b) [line 32] CHAK YEREICHOS - (lit. chisels the legs) one form of engraving letters is done by chiseling the actual form of the letter out of the material so that the form of the letter is depressed in the material

14a) [line 34] SHOKE'A - depressed (on the Tzitz, the thin gold plate worn on the forehead of the Kohen Gadol (Shemos 28:36-38), were engraved the words "Kodesh la'Sh-m". The letters protruding and were not depressed into the gold.)
b) [line 34] BOLET - protruding

15) [line 38] ROSHMA - (O.F. coinz) a stamp or mold for casting coins
16a) [line 38] MICHRATZ CHARITZ - dug into (i.e. the form on the coin is formed by digging into and cutting out the extraneous material from the desired form)
b) [line 38] KENUFEI MACHNIF - gathered into (i.e. the form on the coin is formed by gathering and compressing the material into the desired form)


17) [line 1] HA BA'INA MICHTAV - but do we not require "Michtav" (i.e. that the inscription on the Tzitz be engraved "like a signet ring" - Shemos 39:30)

18a) [line 3] MI'GAVAI - from the inside
b) [line 3] ME'AVRAI - from the outside
19) [line 4] TAS SHEL ZAHAV - a plate of gold
20) [line 13] NEYAR - paper
21a) [line 15] SHITAH line
b) [line 16] TEIVAH - word

22) [line 18] ME'URAH - (lit. mixed, interwoven) letters from one line extend down (or up) and touch the letters on the line below (or above)

23) [line 25] B'EDEI MESIRAH V'REBBI ELAZAR HI - the Mishnah is referring to a case where there are valid Edei Mesirah who read the Shtar, and it is in accordance with the view of Rebbi Elazar, according to whom the witnesses who watch the Shtar being given are the main part of the Shtar, i.e. the ones who make the Shtar take effect (this is in contrast to the opinion which holds that Edei *Chasimah* Karsei, meaning the witnesses who sign the Shtar are the main part of the Shtar and are the ones who make the Shtar take effect).

24) [line 27] KESOVES KA'AKA - an indelible, unerasable writing (tattooed onto his hand)

25) [line 30] HA'GODROS - small domesticated animals such as sheep and goats
26) [line 30] EIN LAHEN CHAZAKAH - one cannot rely on the Halachic instrument of Chazakah (having physical possession of the animals) as proof of their ownership

27) [line 37] SEFER MAKNEH - (lit. document of acquisition, from Yirmeyahu 32:11, "I took the document of acquisition...") the bill of sale written by the seller and given to the buyer

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