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Gitin 19

GITIN 19 & 20 - have been anonymously dedicated by a very special Marbitz Torah and student of the Daf from Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.

1) [line 7] DEYO - black ink
2) [line 7] SAM - orpiment, a mineral that is used as a yellow dye
3) [line 7] SIKRA - (O.F. minie) minium, red lead used to make red paint
4) [line 7] KUMOS - an ink prepared with the sap/gum of the Acacia tree
5) [line 8] KANKANTUM - (O.F. adrement), vitriol, black ink used by shoemakers
6) [line 18] CHARTA D'USHKEFEI - (O.F. adrement), vitriol, black ink used by shoemakers

7) [line 20] MEI TARYA - juice of a certain fruit; alt., rain water
8) [line 21] AFTZA - the juice of gall-nuts (large round abnormal growth on oak trees, caused by insects) (O.F. gales)

9) [line 21] AVAR - lead (solution)
10) [line 22] SHACHOR - coal
11) [line 22] SHICHOR - (O.F. adrement), vitriol, black ink used by shoemakers

12) [line 25] KOSEV (B'SHABBOS)
One of the 39 Avos Melachos of Shabbos is Kosev/writing. When a person writes, with permanent ink, 2 letters that can be read together as a single word, this constitutes Kosev

13) [line 25] MOCHEK (B'SHABBOS)
One of the 39 Avos Melachos of Shabbos is Mochek/erasing. If a person erases in order to write two letters, or he cleans a surface to prepare it for writing, this constitutes Mochek

14) [line 28] MEKALKEL
Normally, one is Chayav on Shabbos only for performing a Melachah that is a creative act. If a person performed an act of destruction or impairment he is Patur. (For example, digging a hole in the middle of one's floor ruins the floor, and such an act is not considered Boneh (building) and is Patur.)

15) [line 34] MEDAMIN - (O.F. sospecier) suspect (just because we suspect, or speculate, what the law is, that does not mean that we rule that way in practice)

16) [line 35] MEKAR'IN LAHEN NIYAR CHALAK - they etch in blank paper (the outline of the witnesses' names)

17) [line 40] MAYA D'AVRA - water in which pieces of crushed lead were soaked
18) [line 40] MEI MILIN - water in which was soaked the product of a certain species of oak tree (either gall-nuts (quercus infectoria) or acorns (quercus aegilops), that are used as tanning material

19) [line 42] D'AFITZ - it was processed with ground gall nuts (Afatzim)
20) [line 43] ROK - saliva
21) [line 44] ORI - instructed, ruled
22) [line 44] PAPA TORA'AH - Papa the oxen dealer
23) [last line] NAGDEI - he sentenced him to Malkos (lashes)


24) [line 7] MAN DACHAR SHEMEI? - who mentioned it?
25) [line 14] AGUNOS - women who cannot get married (because they did not receive a proper Get from their husbands)

26) [line 18] TIRGEMA - render it (the former phrase of the Mishnah) that it is referring to the reading of the GetKESUVOS 23a

27) [line 20] MARA D'ERETZ YISRAEL - the Master of Eretz Yisrael, the greatest expert in Halachic matters

28) [line 21] RAV NACHMAN - he served as the chief Dayan, appointed by the Reish Galusa; the scribes feared him and would not dare to deceive him

29) [line 21] SAFREI DAYANEI - - scribes of the Dayanim
30) [line 23] EIMSA - trepidation
31) [line 25] SHETARA PARSA'AH - a document written in Persian
32) [line 26] ARKA'OS SHEL KUSIM - the secular courts (of Nochrim)
33) [line 26] MAKRI LEHU? - may they (Beis Din) read it for them (the witnesses who do not know how to read)

35) [line 27] MESI'ACH LEFI TUMO - One who speaks in passing without intent to testify

36) [line 28] MAGVEI BEI - he is allowed to collect with it
37) [line 28] MESHA'ABDEI - (lit. from those that are indentured) from fields that have a lien on them

38) [line 27] MI'BENEI CHOREI - (lit. from those that are free) from fields that do not have a lien on them

39) [line 32] KESAV SHE'EINO YACHOL L'HIZDAYEIF - a writing that cannot be forged
40) [line 34] SHITAH - line
41) [line 42] UR - a fire
42) [line 43] SHETAR PASIM - (lit. a document of appeasement) a document written with no intention that any money or property exchange hands. The one who writes the document appeased the "buyer," "debtor" or "recipient of a gift" to have this document written. These documents are written for technical purposes only, such as to divert property away from a third party or so that the person could claim to be a rich man with many outstanding debts (SHITAH YESHANAH, cited by the SHITAH MEKUBETZES to Kesuvos 19)

43) [line 43] SHETAR AMANAH - (lit. a document of trust) a document written with no actual transfer of money or property at the time it is written, but rather with the consent of the one whom the document makes liable, such as the debtor, to have the creditor fulfill that which is written in the document (the lending of money) at a later time. Such a document is written under circumstances such that the loan will only occur later, but the scribe will not be available later to write the contract.

44) [line 44] LO KOL HEMENU - he is not believed
45) [line 46] MAYA D'NARA - (O.F. fueil) dye made with archil (a plant producing violet dye) or similar

46) [line 47] PALIT - makes the letters appear, stand out
47) [line 54] AILEI L'VEI YADEI V'AFKEI - he brought it up and placed it into his sleeves, and then he brought it out

48) [line 54] CHILUFEI CHALFEI - he switched it
49) [line 55] DEVIS'HU - his wife
50) [line 55] BEINEI DANEI - among the barrels
51) [line 55] ISHTAKACH MEZUZASA - a Mezuzah was found

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