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Previous daf Gitin 16
GITIN 16 - dedicated by Mr. Avi Berger of Queens, N.Y. in memory of his
parents, Pinchas ben Reb Avraham Yitzchak and Leah bas Michal Mordechai
1) [line 1] NITZOK - a column of liquid that is being poured from one
utensil to another
2) [line 1] KATAFRAS - [water running down] a slope
3) [line 3] TOFE'ACH L'HATFI'ACH - moist to the extent that it makes
anything that touches it also moist
4) [line 4] MIKVA'OS
(a) Rainwater (Notfin) is Metaher (purifies) if it is collected in a cavity,
or "b'Ashboren," a fact that is learned from Vayikra 11:36, where the verse
states that a "Mikveh Mayim" (an accumulation of water) purifies. While the
rainwater is flowing (down a slope, for example,) it cannot be Metaher.
(b) Drawn water is called Mayim She'uvin. Only water that never entered a
vessel (non-drawn water) may be used to fill a Mikvah. Once there are
already 40 Se'in of non-drawn water in the Mikvah, drawn water may be added.
However, if before there are 40 Se'ah in the Mikvah three Lugim of drawn
water fall into it, they render the Mikvah invalid.
5) [line 6] MECHUVANOS - exactly
6) [line 8] IM HAYU RAGLAV SHEL RISHON NOG'OS BA'MAYIM, AF HA'SHENI TAHOR
(a) Gud Achis (lit. extend or pull downward!) is a Halachic device usually
used in creating Mechitzos (partitions -- for example, in order to enclose a
Reshus ha'Yachid (Shabbos 101a) or to create a Sukah (RASHI to Sukah 19a)).
Those who hold Gud Achis maintain that Mechitzos raised from the ground, if
they enclose an area of four by four Tefachim, are considered to extend
downward to the ground or the water below them, providing the necessary ten
Tefachim for a Mechitzah of a Sukah or a Reshus ha'Yachid.
(b) Our Gemara uses the term with regard to joining bodies of water. The
Gemara is discussing water that adheres to a person who has just immersed in
a Mikvah that contained (before his immersion) exactly 40 Se'ah of water.
The water is considered as if it is extended back into the Mikvah and
connected to the rest of the water of the Mikvah to complete the necessary
Shi'ur of 40 Se'ah.
7) [line 10] HA'BA ROSHU V'RUBO B'MAYIM SHE'UVIN V'TAHOR SHE'NAFLU AL ROSHO
V'AL RUBO MAYIM SHE'UVIN
(a) The Gemara (Shabbos 13b-17b) records that during the time of the Tana'im
there was a period when the Rabanan instituted eighteen decrees which dealt
mostly with Tum'ah and Taharah. The two cases of Tum'ah Kalah (less
stringent Tum'ah) listed in our Gemara belong to these decrees.
(b) If one immerses in a Mikvah and then on that day submerges his head and
most of his body in Mayim She'uvim (water that has been drawn; see Insights
to Shabbos 14:2), he is Tamei. Similarly, a person who is Tahor, upon whom
fall three Lugim of Mayim She'uvim, is Tamei (see Insights ibid.). The
Gemara (Shabbos 13b) explains that the practice was that immediately after
immersing in a Mikvah of stagnant cave-water, one would pour over himself
drawn water in order to clean himself. The Rabanan, fearing that people may
begin to think that the drawn water and not the Mikvah, is what makes a
person Tahor, decreed that if one submerges himself into a pool of drawn
water after immersing or pours drawn water over himself, he becomes Tamei.
8) [line 14] BA'AL KERI (TAKANAS EZRA)
(a) A man who has emitted Keri (semen) becomes a Rishon l'Tum'ah. He may not
enter the Machaneh Leviyah (i.e. the Temple Mount), nor may he eat Ma'aser,
Terumah or Kodshim. After he immerses in a Mikvah during the day, he becomes
Tahor and may eat Ma'aser and enter Machaneh Leviyah once again
(mid'Oraisa -- the Rabanan however prohibited him from entering the Ezras
Nashim (TY #10) until nightfall). He remains a "Tevul Yom" until nightfall,
after which he may once again eat Terumah or Kodshim.
(b) Ezra instituted that a Ba'al Keri may not recite verses or learn Torah
before he immerses. The Gemara discusses whether Takanas Ezra was repealed
or not (Berachos 22b-23b). The Takanah for a sick person was more lenient,
only requiring him to pour over himself nine Kabin of water.
9a) [line 10] ASYA L'ICHLUFEI B'KIYIM SHETAROS D'ALMA B'ED ECHAD - [since
there is only one witness who is testifying about the signing of the Get,
the unlearned onlooker] may confuse this case with an ordinary case of Kiyum
Shtaros, concluding (and broadcasting) that one witness is enough [to be
Mekayem a Shtar]
b) [line 10] KIYUM SHTAROS
Mid'Oraisa, a Shtar (contract) or Get which was written legally and signed
by witnesses is considered absolute proof. The Chachamim, out of fear of
forgeries, required that every Shtar be validated ("Kiyum") in one of the
10) [line 41] CHALASH - became sick
- The witnesses themselves attest to the validity of their signatures.
- Two other witnesses who recognize the signatures attest to their validity.
- The signatures are matched to those on a previously validated Shtar or Get.
11) [line 41] UL L'GABEI RAV YEHUDAH V'RABAH L'SHIYULEI BEI - Rav Yehudah
and Rabah came in to visit him
12) [last line] AD'HACHI - meanwhile