REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafEruvin 98
(a) Assuming that the threshold referred to by the Tana of our Mishnah
(where he permits rolling from the Reshus ha'Rabim) is that of a Reshus
ha'Yachid, the author of the Mishnah must be Rebbi Shimon.
Rebbi Shimon say?
(b) What is strange about the continuation of the Mishnah, where Rebbi
Yehudah only permits retrieving the scroll as long as it has *not* landed
on the ground, and Rebbi Shimon permits it even if it *has*?
(c) Rav Yehudah accepts this situation, establishing the Mishnah by the
threshold of a Reshus ha'Rabim (and according to Rebbi Shimon), as we
How does Rabah establish the Mishnah (even according to
(d) Abaye queries this from the Beraisa "Toch Arba Amos, Golelo Etzlo,
Chutz le'Arba Hofcho Al ha'K'sav".
What is his Kashya from there?
(a) Abaye establishes the Mishnah by the threshold of a Karmelis.
does he then explain the last-mentioned Beraisa?
(b) What is the problem with this answer (seeing as the author is Rebbi
Yehudah, who in principle *does* decree by Kisvei Kodesh)?
(c) How will establishing the Mishnah by a long threshold, solve this
(d) What is the alternative answer - even if we are not talking about a
(a) Why are we still not afraid that he may carry the scroll directly from
the Reshus ha'Rabim straight through the Karmelis to the Reshus ha'Yachid
(b) And why are we not afraid that, even according to Ben Azai, he may
*throw* the Sefer from the Reshus ha'Rabim to the Reshus ha'Yachid?
(c) How should a Sofer leave Kisvei Kodesh, Tefilin and Mezuzos when he
finishes the day's work, and how should he *not* leave them?
(d) In that case, how can the Mishnah permit turning the Sefer on its face
(if it landed within ten Tefachim of the Reshus ha'Rabim)?
(a) If the Sefer stops within ten Tefachim of the ground, then, according
to our Mishnah, it should be turned on its face.
Answers to questions
Considering that it has
not yet landed, why can he not just roll it back?
(b) Then how will we explain the Seifa 'Rebbi Yehudah Omer, Afilu Eino
Mesulak min ha'Aretz Ela Me'lo ha'Chut, Golelo Etzlo'?
(a) The Gemara initially learns that, according to the Tana Kama, if the
Sefer is within three Tefachim of the ground, it is forbidden to roll it
back - even though it has not landed on anything.
What does Rebbi
Yehudah say in this case?
(b) What does Rava say with regard to an object that is within three
Tefachim of the ground - according to the Rabbanan of Rebbi Akiva, who do
not hold of 'Kelutah Ke'mi she'Hunchah Dami'?
(c) How does the Gemara explain our Mishnah in order to establish Rava
even like the Tana Kama of our Mishnah?
(a) One may place things on a ledge in front of a window (which is above a
Reshus ha'Rabim) and take them off.
What are the dimensions of the
(b) Why are we not afraid that the vessels may fall, and the owner will go
and retrieve them?
(a) Why may one not use a ledge which is less than four Tefachim? Since
when is one forbidden to use a Makom Petur?
(b) What does the Beraisa mean when it restricts the use of the top ledge,
to the part which is in front of the window only? What size ledge are we
(c) What is the Chidush of the Beraisa in permitting the use of the bottom
ledge (see Tosfos DH 'Tachton')?
(a) Is one permitted to stand in one of the major Reshuyos and carry in
(b) What is the difference between this and standing in one of the major
Reshuyos and urinating or spitting in the other, which is forbidden?
(c) What Chumra does Rebbi Yehudah add to the above prohibition of
(a) What does Rebbi Meir say with regard to standing in one Reshus and
carrying in the other, and why is that?
It appears from our Mishnah, that someone who *does* stand in a Reshus
ha'Yachid and move an object more than four Amos in the street (even
though he carries it above the height of ten Tefachim - which is a Makom
Petur) will be Chayav (although this is not clear-cut). If this is so,
says the Gemara, it will be a proof for Rava.
(b) What caused Rav Chinena bar Shalmayah to think that the text in our
Mishnah reads '*Lo* Ya'amod Adam' (like Rebbi Meir) instead of '*Ya'amod*
What does Rava say?
Answers to questions