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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Eruvin 41

ERUVIN 41 - was generously dedicated by an anonymous donor in Los Angeles.


(a) When Tish'ah be'Av falls on Sunday, the restrictions of not eating two cooked dishes and not eating meat or drinking wine on Erev Tish'ah be'Av do not apply.
Which restrictions apply when Tish'ah be'Av falls on Shabbos?

(b) According to Rebbi Yehudah's testimony, what did Rebbi Akiva do, on Tish'ah be'Av that fell on Friday, and why did he do that?

(c) What proof does Rebbi Yossi bring that one is forbidden to break one's fast before nightfall - even on Shabbos?

(d) How do the Rabbanan refute his proof?

(a) What did Raban Gamliel rule with regard to fixing a Ta'anis on Rosh Chodesh, Chanukah or Purim?

(b) What does one do if the series of fast-days began some time before?

(c) What did Rebbi Meir add in Raban Gamliel's name?

(d) What did Rebbi Yehoshua attempt to do after Rebbi Gamliel's death, and on what grounds did Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri object to that?

(a) What is then the problem with Ula ruling like Rebbi Yossi with regard to Tish'ah be'Av that fell on Friday?

(b) How do we reconcile Ula with the above Beraisa?

(a) What is the significance of Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok's statement that he was from the descendants of San'av ben Binyamin? In what regard did he say this?

(b) What was his story, what was he coming to testify, and what do we deduce from his statement with regard to a regular Tish'ah be'Av?

(c) Considering that Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok was a contemporary of Raban Gamliel, what problem do we have with this?

(d) The Gemara differentiates between fasting on the day before a Yom-Tov de'Rabanan and fasting on Erev Shabbos.
What is in fact, the difference between them.

(a) What did Rav Yosef comment on Ula's ruling like Rebbi Yossi?

(b) Abaye tries to prove that Rav Yosef was indeed aware of this ruling, and that he even agreed with it - from the statement issued earlier, with regard to a Ta'anis that was fixed on Erev Shabbos, Rosh Chodesh, Chanukah or Purim, and to which Rav Yosef, quoting Rav, added 'Zu Divrei Rebbi Meir ... Aval Chachamim Omrim, Mis'aneh u'Mashlim'.
What is his proof from there?

(c) How does the Gemara refute Abaye's proof?

(d) Assuming that there *is* a proof from there, why did Rav Huna not quote Rav when Rabah initially asked him the Sha'aleh?

(e) What *is* the Gemara's final ruling in this matter?

Hadran Alach 'ba'Kol Me'arvin'!

Answers to questions


Perek Mi she'Hotzi'uhu


(a) How far is someone who has been forcibly removed from his Techum on Shabbos permitted to walk?

(b) How far will he be permitted to walk if they return him to his previous position?

(c) If they deposit him in another town or inside a large enclosure, Raban Gamliel and Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah permit him to traverse the entire area.
Why is that?

(d) What do Rebbi Yehoshua and Rebbi Akiva hold in this case?

(a) To which of the above cases would one compare a ship that left the Techum on Shabbos, and what would the Din then be there?

(b) What did Raban Gamliel reply, when they asked him about disembarking from the ship which they believed had entered the new Techum only after Shabbos had come in?

(a) Which three things cause a person to do what he does not want to do, as well as to transgress the commands of his Creator, and why do we need to know this?

(b) Which three people will not see the inside of Gehinom, and why is that?

(c) Why does ...

  1. ... the Tana Kama of the Beraisa not include a bad wife?
  2. ... the second Tana nevertheless see fit to include her?
(d) Why do we need to know this?
(a) Which three people are likely to die unexpectedly (even in the middle of a conversation)?

(b) Why do we need to know this?

(a) From where do we know that someone who is taken forcibly out of his Techum and then returned forcubly, is only permitted to walk four Amos?

(b) Then what Chidush does Shmuel come to teach us in this regard?

(c) Why is this not inherent in our Mishnah, where the Reisha speaks about 'mi'she'Hotzi'u', and the Seifa seems to continue and talks about 'Hichziruhu'?

(a) Is someone who was taken forcibly outside the Techum permitted to go beyond four Amos in order to relieve himself?

(b) What will he then do if he is smart?

(c) What does Rav Papa say about a fruit that was deliberately carried outside the Techum and returned?

Answers to questions
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