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103b1) REBBI ELIEZER THE "MEIKEL", REBBI ELIEZER THE "MACHMIR" QUESTION: The Gemara cites a Beraisa which records a tremendous "Chumra," a stringency. If a Kohen with a wart wants to remove it on Shabbos in order to perform the Avodah, he may not remove the wart by himself. Rather, he must have a friend remove it for him, so that only a Melachah d'Rabanan will be done and not a Melachah d'Oraisa. (Removing one's own wart can involve a transgression of the Melachah d'Oraisa of Gozez on Shabbos.) Not only that, but the friend may not remove the wart with his hands. He must remove it by biting it off with his teeth, in order to perform the removal with a "Shinuy" (i.e. to do it in an unusual fashion), to distance himself even further from a Melachah d'Oraisa.
Who is the author of this Beraisa? The Gemara contends that it must be Rebbi Eliezer, who holds that *whatever* Shinuyim can be done to distance the act from a Melachah d'Oraisa, must be done. We do not find that the Rabanan require such an abundance of Shinuyim. According to them, the Gemara asserts, it would suffice that the friend remove the wart with his hands.
Why is the Gemara suddenly assuming that Rebbi Eliezer is Machmir, i.e. he is more stringent than the Rabanan, with regard to preparing a Kohen to serve in the Mikdash on Shabbos? Earlier on the Daf, we saw that Rebbi Eliezer proposed tremendous Kulas, leniencies, with regard to serving in the Mikdash. There we see that even if the preparations for the Temple service involve the transgression of an Isur d'Oraisa, Rebbi Eliezer permits the act, while the Rabanan only permit transgressing an Isur d'Rabanan. Even though Rebbi Eliezer does not permit performing a Melachah d'Oraisa for the sake of the Temple service if the Melachah can be avoided by performing an act with a Shinuy (as is the case with the removal of a wart), nevertheless, why should he suddenly be *more* stringent than the Rabanan, and require a Shinuy on top of a Shinuy when the Rabanan do not?
(a) TOSFOS (DH Iy Amart), citing the Sar mi'Kutzi, explains that it is specifically *because* Rebbi Eliezer is normally so lenient, that he will be especially stringent in the case of the wart.Next daf
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