(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Rosh Kollel: Rav Mordecai Kornfeld

Ask A Question about the Daf

Previous daf

Eruvin 99


QUESTION: As the Rav Huna explains, it is not permitted to carry a bucket from a well (which is a Reshus ha'Yachid) to one's house (also a Reshus ha'Yachid) if the two are separated by a Reshus ha'Rabim, unless the well is bounded by a ten-Tefach high pile of dirt. When there is a pile of dirt, the bucket does not pass through Reshus ha'Rabim at all, since the pile necessitates lifting the bucket ten Tefachim high in the air while transferring it, and ten Tefachim above a Reshus ha'Rabim is considered a Mekom Petur; not a Reshus ha'Rabim.

The Gemara clearly takes it for granted that it is not permitted to carry from one Reshus ha'Yachid to another through Reshus ha'Rabim. Why is that so? The Mishnah in Shabbos 96a tells us that it is only prohibited to transfer along the *length* of Reshus ha'Rabim; not from one side of it to another, as in our case!

Apparently, the cause of the prohibition in our Sugya has nothing to do with the first Reshus ha'Yachid. Rather, it should be prohibited mid'Rabanan to carry from Reshus ha'Rabim to Reshus ha'Yachid, even if the object did not *rest* in the Reshus ha'Rabim, and it is only *passing through it* while being held in the person's hand.

But why should even that be prohibited? In what way is it different from the case of the scroll being read on the roof that rolled open, but did not reach the floor of Reshus ha'Rabim (Eruvin 97b)? Or the case of the scroll being read on a Karmelis, which rolled open into a Reshus ha'Rabim? In both cases, since (1) one side of the scroll was in his hand, and (2) the other side did not land in a place that would be Asur mid'Oraisa to carry to (had the first end *not* been in his hand), we permit the person to return the scroll to its original place -- whether it is a holy scroll or not (see Eruvin 103a). In the case of our Gemara also, we should permit carrying the bucket through Reshus ha'Rabim (without laying it down there) into Reshus ha'Yachid, since (1) the bucket is in his hand in either case, and (2) it never was in a place to which one may not carry mid'Oraisa, since it was only in the *airspace* of Reshus ha'Rabim and not on the ground!


(a) The RASHBA answers that this Sugya follows the opinion of Rebbi Akiva, that "Kelutah k'Mi she'Hunchah" -- passing an object through the airspace of Reshus ha'Rabim is equivalent to laying the object on the ground of Reshus ha'Rabim (see Eruvin 98b Rashi DH Toch). Therefore, the second condition has not been met; the object is indeed in a place to which one may not carry *mid'Oraisa*, even when it is only passing *through the air* of Reshus ha'Rabim.

(b) The RITVA answers that we must be more stringent with carrying a bucket full of water over Reshus ha'Rabim than with other objects, since the bucket is probably being held at the end of a long string. There is reason to suspect that the string will be so long, it will nearly reach the floor of Reshus ha'Rabim, and he will momentarily let the bucket rest while passing it through the Reshus ha'Rabim. (Therefore he must pass it through Reshus ha'Rabim higher than 10 Tefachim in the air, as prescribed by the Mishnah, so that it certainly won't reach the ground).

(c) The BACH (OC 354) answers that it is only permitted *b'Di'eved* to return a scroll to its original place if it has *accidentally* fallen into another Reshus. It is not permitted to intentionally unroll the scroll into the other Reshus, and then re-roll it! If so, it should not be permitted to intentionally reach out into the well in order to carry, l'Chatchilah, the water to his house. (The other Rishonim may have considered the case of the well, too, to be b'Di'eved, since the water was *drawn* from the well in an entirely permissible manner (since the one drawing it is also in Reshus ha'Yachid). Returning it, then, through a Reshus ha'Rabim to his house, is considered carrying through Reshus ha'Rabim *b'Di'eved* and not l'Chatchilah -- M. Kornfeld)

Next daf


This article is provided as part of Shema Yisrael Torah Network
Permission is granted to redistribute electronically or on paper,
provided that this notice is included intact.
For information on subscriptions, archives, and other Shema Yisrael
Classes, send mail to daf@shemayisrael.co.il

Shema Yisrael Torah Network
Jerusalem, Israel

In the U.S.:
Tel. (908) 370-3344
Fax. (908) 367-6608

Toll free line for dedications: 1-800-574-2646