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Eruvin 70

ERUVIN 70 - Dedicated by Gerald Ziering in honor the very special Rebbi that his son is currently learning with, Rabbi Elimelech Kornfeld (brother of Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld).

1) A RESIDENT OF THE "CHATZER" WHO DIED ON SHABBOS QUESTION: Rabah says that one who forgot to join the Eruv in a Chatzer may be Mevatel his Reshus, but he must be Mevatel his Reshus to every resident in the Chatzer, and not just to one of them. Abaye challenges this from a Beraisa which states that "one who did not join the Eruv may be Mevatel Reshus to *one* who did join the Eruv." Obviously, the Beraisa is referring to a case where there was at least one other person in the Chatzer besides the two individuals mentioned, because it says that one of them made an Eruv, and if there are only two people in the Chatzer and one did not join the Eruv, with whom did the second person make the Eruv? And yet the Beraisa says that the one who forgot needs to be Mevatel Reshus to only *one* person.

Rabah answers that the Beraisa is discussing a case where, at the beginning of Shabbos, there were two others in the Chatzer who had made an Eruv together (besides the person who forgot to join the Eruv), but on Shabbos one of them passed away. When the one who forgot is Mevatel his Reshus to the remaining resident, he *is* being Mevatel to *all* of the [current] members of the Eruv.

If there was another resident of the Chatzer who died on Shabbos, how can Bitul Reshus help to permit carrying in the Chatzer? The heirs of the deceased person inherit his property in the Chatzer, and since they did not join the Eruv, their share in the Chatzer forbids the two residents from carrying in it on Shabbos!


(a) RASHI (DH d'Havah) answers that the Beraisa is referring to a temporary encampment in the wilderness which a group of travelers set up in order to rest over Shabbos. Since each traveler merely pitched his tent there and no one owns the property, there is nothing there for heirs to inherit. When one of the travelers passes away, his share in the make- shift Chatzer goes completely to the remaining residents.

(b) TOSFOS (DH Hacha b'Mai) answers that the Beraisa follows the opinion of Rebbi Shimon (47a) who maintains that if a resident of the Chatzer is away for Shabbos, he does not prohibit the others (who made an Eruv) from carrying in the Chatzer. In this case, when the heir inherits his father's house in the Chatzer, since he is not living there he does not prohibit the residents of the Chatzer from carrying.

(Rashi, who did not give this answer, seems to assume that the Beraisa is in accordance with the opinion of Rebbi Meir, who says that even when a resident of the Chatzer is away for Shabbos, he still prohibits the other residents from carrying (Rashi is consistent with his opinion elsewhere (62b, DH Amar Mar, see Insights there), where he explains other Gemaras according to the opinion of Rebbi Meir).

(c) Alternatively, TOSFOS answers that even if the Beraisa follows the opinion of Rebbi Meir, that one who is away from his home in the Chatzer on Shabbos still prohibits the other residents from carrying in the Chatzer, the Beraisa may be discussing a case where the heir was one of the two remaining residents of the Chatzer (who had made an Eruv with his father before Shabbos).


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