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Eruvin 101

ERUVIN 101 - has been generously dedicated by Rav Mordechai Rabin of London/Yerushalayim

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 101a [line 20, 23]:
(a) The words "Amar Lei ha'Hu *Tzeduki*"
should be "Amar Lei ha'Hu *Mina*"
(b) The words "she'Mehadkin *Es ha'Resha'im*"
should be "she'Mehadkin *Umos ha'Olam*
(Dikdukei Sofrim #3, #7; these words were changed by the censor)

1) [line 1] MUKTZAH - an enclosed area located behind a house, used for the storage of items that are not in constant need

2) [line 1] CHADAKIM SHE'BA'PIRTZAH - thorns that are bound together to fill a breach in a fence

3) [line 2] MACHATZALOS - mats
4) [line 4] KANKAN - a large tool or utensil that is held behind a plough
5) [line 4] KESHURIN U'TELUYIN - tied and suspended off the ground
6) [line 6] TZIR - pivot (hinge-pin)
7) [line 15] SOCHEI KOTZIM - branches of thorn-bushes
8) [line 16] DELES ALMANAH - (a) a door that is "widowed," since it is missing certain parts (RASHI); (b) the door of a widow, who does not have the wherewithal to build or maintain her door properly (RASHASH)

*9*) [line 16] DELES ALMANAH HA'NIGRERES, EIN N'OALIN BAH - that is, one may not close such a door even if it has a Tzir (or Heker Tzir) -- TOSFOS DH Deles

10) [line 17] D'CHAD SHIFA - made up of only one plank
11) [line 18] D'LEIS LEI GASHMAH - (a) that is missing a crossbar that connects its planks (RASHI); (b) that has no threshold under it, rather it is lowered onto the ground when being closed and lifted off when being opened (RABEINU CHANANEL, ROSH)

12) [line 18] MEDURTA - large pile of firewood
13) [line 19] BEI'ASA - (a) eggs [that are placed over a grill (O.F. gradil) or over pieces of firewood] (RASHI); (b) an egg [that is placed over a configuration of other eggs or firewood] (TOSFOS)

14) [line 19] KIDRA - a pot [that is placed over the fire and supported by jugs]
15) [line 19] PURYA - a (traveling) bed
16) [line 19] CHAVISA - large jugs [that are being stored in a configuration of (a) rows (RASHI); (b) one on top of two (RASHI to Beitzah 32b)]

17) [line 20] CHIDKA'AH - [you] thorny person!
18) [line 20] "TUVAM K'CHEDEK YASHAR MI'MESUCHAH ..." - "The best of them is like a brier; the most upright is sharper then a thorn hedge. The day of the watchman and your punishment comes; now shall their perplexity come." (Michah 7:4)

19) [line 23] SHE'MEHADKIN ES HA'RESHA'IM L'GEHINOM - they crush the wicked to Gehinom

20) [line 24] "KUMI V'DOSHI BAS TZIYON ..." - "Arise and thresh, Daughter of Tziyon, for I will make your horn iron, and I will make your hoofs copper, and you shall beat to pieces many peoples. You shall devote their gain to HaSh-m, and their substance to the Lord of the whole earth." (Michah 4:13)

21) [line 28] PATAMIM - (a) butchers (RASHI); (b) merchants who fatten animals and fowl for sale (ARUCH, ROSH)

22a) [line 29] TZAMARIM - wool merchants
*b*) [line 29] SHUK SHEL TZAMARIM HAYAH - that is, even though entering the marketplace of wool merchants is not necessary on Shabbos, as opposed to entering the marketplace of butchers (who also provided cooked meat - Kelim 5:6), even so, Rebbi Yosi rules that the Rabanan did not institute any decree against it, and it is permitted (TIFERES YISRAEL)


*23*) [line 22] MID'KA'AMAR V'CHEN CHANUYOS - that is, the word "v'Chen" implies that just as the key must be in the same Reshus as the lock when locking a garden, the key must be in the same Reshus as the lock when locking a store. Since it is evident from the Beraisa that the store's lock (when it is under 10 Tefachim) is a Karmelis, the key must be in a Karmelis too. (TOSFOS DH mid'Ka'amar)

24) [line 24] MAKOM PETUR
Mekomos Petur are those places and objects that do not fulfill *any* of the conditions that characterize the other three Reshuyos (domains) of Shabbos: Reshus ha'Yachid; Reshus ha'Rabim; Karmelis (see Introduction to Maseches Shabbos). Transferring from a Makom Petur to one of the other three Reshuyos is permitted, as long as it is not used to circumvent the prohibition of Hotza'ah, e.g. transferring from Reshus ha'Yachid to Reshus ha'Rabim through a Makom Petur. Some examples of Makom Petur are (1) a doorstep with an area less than four by four Tefachim, (2) a pole in Reshus ha'Rabim with an area less than four by four Tefachim and a height not greater than ten Tefachim and (3) the air above Reshus ha'Rabim or a Karmelis (i.e. above a height of ten Tefachim). See Charts to Shabbos #1- 2.

25) [line 39] L'CHATEF ALAV - to use the Makom Petur to rearrange the burden on his shoulder

26) [line 40] NAGAR - a bolt, peg (that is placed into a hole in the doorstep to lock the door) [(O.F. chevile) a peg]

27) [line 41] GELOSTERA - the head of the peg has a thick, rounded end that makes it possible to use it as a pestle

28) [last line] B'NITAL B'OGDO - the string that is attached to the peg is strong enough to hold it without snapping

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