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Eruvin 100

ERUVIN 100 - has been sponsored by the Jesselson Foundation

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 100b [last line]:
The words "Lishamtesei l'Charbaltei d'ha'Hu Tarnegola"
should be "Shunra Lishmetei l'Charbaltei d'Tarnegol" (Dikdukei Sofrim #80
- see also Rabeinu Chananel)

1) [line 1] DIRAH SHE'TASHMISHAH L'AVIR - a residence the purpose of which is to service the open area surrounding it; i.e. for watchmen

2) [line 10] D'DAMU K'MESHUNISA - [Roots] that are similar to rocks with protruding edges; the small roots growing out of the larger ones, [have the following Halachos:]

3) [line 11] D'SALKIN L'EILA - the ones that extend upward, higher than three Tefachim

4) [line 11] D'NACHATIN L'TATA'EI - the ones that do not grow higher than three Tefachim

5) [line 13] A'NIGRA - [roots that grow from a tree that is growing] in an irrigation ditch (and are within three Tefachim of the banks of the ditch, but more than three Tefachim from the bottom of the ditch

6) [line 13] KEREN ZAVIS - [roots that grow from a tree that is growing in] a corner [of a courtyard, where two perpendicular walls butt the tree, making it part of the enclosure.] (The roots are within three Tefachim of the wall, but more than three Tefachim from the ground)

*7*) [line 13] V'CHEN B'KEREN ZAVIS - both Keren Zavis and Anigra are similar concepts; in the former the tree is hidden on two sides, while in the latter the tree is hidden on three sides; see TOSFOS DH v'Chen

8) [line 14] SALIK B'IPUMA - that grew out of the skylight (but was not three Tefachim higher than the roof)

9) [line 18] D'LO HADREI (KEIFEI) [KAIFEI] - they do not afterwards bend down below three Tefachim

10) [line 22] V'EIN NITLIN B'ILAN - it is forbidden to stretch things out (O.F. estendelier) or hang them on a tree

11a) [line 24] BOR - a round well that is dug in the ground
b) [line 24] SHI'ACH - elongated ditches for holding water
c) [line 24] ME'ARAH - covered caves for holding water
12) [line 24] METAPES V'OLEH METAPES V'YORED - he climbs up and he climbs down into them [(O.F. ranper) to crawl, climb]


14) [line 5] GIZ'O MACHALIF - its stump grows new stems
15) [line 8] HA NASREI PEIREI - but fruits fall off
16) [line 9] KINSEI - dry twigs that break off
17) [line 9] GEDUDA - a tree stripped of all branches
18) [line 10] RAV, BIK'AH MATZA V'GADAR BAH GEDER - (lit. Rav found a plain of open fields and fenced off an area within it) Rav acted in this way only as a precaution because the residents of Afsatya were unlearned

19) [line 12] "... V'ATZ B'RAGLAYIM CHOTEI" - "... and he that hastens with his feet, sins." (Mishlei 19:2)

20) [line 16] D'SAYIM MESANEI - when he is wearing his shoes
21) [line 17] D'IS LEI UKTZEI - when it has spurs (pegs in the sole) [(O.F. espie) nail (that is on the bottom of the shoe)]

22) [line 18] D'IS LEI SERACHA - when the grass has long blades

(a) A Davar she'Eino Miskavein is an act that is done for a certain purpose (which will be accomplished without transgressing a Melachah), but which *may* result in a Melachah being inadvertently performed. Rebbi Yehudah prohibits performing such an action mid'Rabanan, since it may result in a Melachah. Rebbi Shimon disagrees, claiming that even though a Melachah may result from this action, since the Melachah will come about without intent, the action is permitted.
(b) The laws of a Davar she'Eino Miskaven (that it is permitted according to Rebbi Shimon or forbidden mid'Rabanan according to Rebbi Yehudah) apply only when it is not inevitable that a Melachah will occur as a result of one's action. However, when a Melachah will definitely occur as a result of one's action, it is termed a Pesik Reshei and is forbidden. (For example, if a person cut the head off of a chicken and states that he had no intention to kill the animal, but he merely wanted its blood to feed to his dogs. It is considered as though he had full intention to kill the animal since its death was an inevitable outcome of his act, and he is Chayav.)
(c) A person must have specific *intent* to do a Melachah on Shabbos in order to be liable for punishment or to be required to bring a Korban. Therefore, if a person does an action that *does* result in a Melachah being performed inadvertently, even Rebbi Yehudah will agree that the person is not obligated to bring a Korban, since the Melachah was done accidentally. Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon argue only as to whether it is permitted *in the first place* to perform an action that may result in a Melachah. (See Insights to Shabbos 41:2)

24) [line 20] SHE'YAKUF - to force
25) [line 22] "GAM B'LO DA'AS NEFESH LO TOV" - "Also, that the soul be without knowledge is not good" (Mishlei 19:2) - The Gemara interprets the word Da'as as the consent of the wife. "Nefesh Lo Tov" (unworthy children) will result.

26) [line 31] "U'MI'BENEI YISACHAR ..." - "And of the children of Yisachar, men who had understanding of the times, to know what Yisrael ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred, and all their brothers were at their commandment." (Divrei ha'Yamim I 12:33)

27) [line 36] MISHTOKEKES - desires
*28*) [line 37] D'MERATZYA ARTZUYEI KAMEI - she only show him silent signs of love and attraction. (The same, apparently, applies to Le'ah, even though she actually asked Yakov verbally, since she did so in a permitted fashion. She had to mention the Duda'im to Yakov because he would not have been aware of the deal Le'ah made with Rachel had she not informed him. (MAHARSHA)

29) [line 39] ATUFAH K'AVEL - (lit. she is wrapped up like a mourner) she covers her hair

30) [line 39] MENUDAH MI'KOL ADAM - (lit. she is excommunicated from all men) she may not marry more than one man

31) [line 42] K'LILIS - like the chief female demon, Lilis
32) [line 42] KAR - a mattress
33) [line 43] "MALFENU MI'BAHAMOS ARETZ" - "Who teaches us by the beasts of the earth." (Iyov 35:11)

34) [line 47] MEFAYES - appeases
35a) [line 48] (ZEVINANA) [ZAVINA] LICH ZIGA - I will buy you a cloak (O.F. cote)
b) [line 48] D'MATU LICH AD KAR'ICH - that will [be long enough to] reach your feet

36) [last line] (LISHAMTESEI) [SHUNRA LISHAMTEI] L'CHARBALTEI ... - may a cat tear off this rooster's (my) crest, if he has (I have) [the means] and does not buy it for you

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