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Eruvin 74

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 74b [line 3]:
In Dikdukei Sofrim the words "Nishadyei Min"
appear as "v'Lishadyei Minei"

1) [line 4] SHEVIL SHEL KERAMIM - a path through vineyards (that opens onto a Chatzer on one side and a Mavoy on the other side)

(a) King Shlomo decreed that transferring objects from a Reshus ha'Yachid owned by one person or group to a Reshus ha'Yachid owned by another person or group is forbidden, unless an Eruv Chatzeiros (lit. a mixing of the courtyards, Rambam Hil. Eruvin 1:6; or fraternization of the courtyards, Eruvin 49a) is created on Friday, before Shabbos begins (Shabbos 14b, Eruvin 21b).
(b) Besides houses, there are three categories of Reshus ha'Yachid: Gagos (privately owned roofs), Chatzeiros (jointly owned courtyards) and Karpifos (private fenced in areas that are used for storage or corrals, but not lived in). Tana'im argue as to whether it is permitted to carry from one of these types of Reshus ha'Yachid to another, even if they have different owners. Rebbi Meir (Mishnah Eruvin 89a) rules that it is prohibited to transfer between these different types of Reshuyos, the Rabanan (ibid., and Gemara 91a) prohibit transferring from a Karpaf to one of the other two, and Rebbi Shimon (ibid.) rules that it is permitted to transfer between these Reshuyos.
(All of these opinions agree that it is prohibited to carry from *houses* to courtyards or Karpifos, or to roofs and houses owned by another person, since houses are used on a very regular basis and are therefore considered separate from all other Reshuyos ha'Yachid. -- Rashi Eruvin 91a DH v'Karpifos)
(c) The above argument only applies to utensils that were in a roof, courtyard, or Karpaf when Shabbos began. Utensils that were in a house when Shabbos begins and were taken out on Shabbos to a Chatzer through the use of an Eruv Chatzeiros, may not be transferred to one of the other two Reshuyos even according to Rebbi Shimon.

3) [line 9] KARPIFOS - enclosed areas that are located outside of a settlement, used for storage and other such purposes. Since it is fully enclosed, a Karpaf is a Reshus ha'Yachid even though it was not enclosed for residential purposes.

4) [line 10] SHE'SHAVSU L'SOCHAN - that "rested" in them, i.e. that were in them from the onset of Shabbos

5a) [line 21] ACHVI LI USHPIZEI - show me his inn
b) [line 22] ACHAVEI LEI - he showed it to him
6) [last line] LICHYA - a pole or plank used to permit carrying in a Mavoy (see Background to Eruvin 73:11)


7) [line 1] SHADYEI - he threw it down
8) [line 2] V'ASINA MI'SHMEI D'MAR SHMUEL - that was authorized by Mar Shmuel
9) [line 3] NISHADYEI (MIN) [MINEI] - and throw it down (from the Mavoy)!?
10) [line 5] CHAZANA - a sexton
11) [line 5] V'ASI BAYEIS - and he would spend the night
*12*) [line 9] SHE'TZIDO ECHAD OVED KOCHAVIM - that is, on one side of the Mavoy there is a non-Jewish Chatzer, in which there are many non-Jewish houses (TOSFOS)

*13*) [line 10] EIN ME'ARVIN OSO DERECH CHALONOS - that is, the Jews of the Chatzer on the Jewish side of the Mavoy cannot make an Eruv by virtue of the windows that join their houses to each other -- or by virtue of the doors that join their houses, if they are joined by doors (RASHI DH Ein). (Alternatively they cannot make an Eruv together *because* they are only joined by virtue of their doors -- TOSFOS, see Insights.)

14) [line 13] D'IY LO AMAR, MAI? - if Rav would not have said that a Chatzer has the same law, why would I have thought that it is different?

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