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Eruvin 65

1) [line 3] "LACHEN SHIM'I NA ZOS ANIYAH ..." - "Therefore hear this, you afflicted, and drunken, but not with wine." (Yeshayahu 51:21) - The tribulations of the exile cause the people of Yisrael to have the same religious immunity as a person who is drunk.

2a) [line 11] KOL HA'MAPIK MAGEN - one who does not pray [lit. eliminates the Shemoneh Esrei prayer (a) which starts with the *Magen* Avraham blessing (RASHI); (b) which is like a shield (*Magen*) and protection for the person (RITVA)]
b) [line 12] B'SHE'AS GA'AVAH - when he is drunk

3) [line 15] "ACHAI BAGDU KEMO NACHAL ..." - "My brothers have dealt deceitfully like a wadi, and like the watercourses that disappear." (Iyov 6:15) - Rebbi Chanina claims that a flash flood is called "Afik" because is passes by quickly. One should pass over his Tefilah at the time that he is drunk, just as a flash flood passes by.

4) [line 18] "VA'YERA'U AFIKEI MAYIM ..." - "Then the channels of water were seen, and the foundations of the world were laid bare, at Your rebuke, HaSh-m, at the blast of the breath of Your nostrils." (Tehilim 18:16) - Rebbi Yochanan contends that a flash flood is called "Afik" because it is revealed suddenly. One should *not* reveal his Tefilah at the time that he is drunk.

5) [line 21] MASAR SHINTEI L'SHAM'EI - (lit. entrusted his sleep to his attendant) asked his attendant to wake him up when the time to pray arrives

6) [line 25] B'YOMA D'RASACH - on a day that he was angry
7) [line 26] B'YOMA D'SHUSA - on a day with a very strong southern wind
8) [line 28] HILCHESA BAYA TZILUSA K'YOMA D'ISTENA - elucidating the Halachah needs clarity of mind like the bright days on which the northern wind blows (which is mild, not hot or cold)

9) [line 29] IY AMRAH LI EM KARIV KUSCHA - if my "mother" told me (Abaye was an orphan and he called his nursemaid "Em") "serve the Kutach" (a dip which is prepared by cooking whey with stale bread and salt)

10) [line 30] TO TANA'I - I could not learn properly
11) [line 30] IY KERATZTAN KINAH - if a louse bit me
12) [line 32] 7 MANEI - seven outfits of clothes (to change every day so that the lice may be removed - RABEINU CHANANEL)

13) [line 33] SHINESA - sleep
14) [line 34] SIHARA - moon (night)
15) [line 34] GIRSA - learning
16) [line 35] MECHADEDAN SHEMA'ATACH - your teachings are very sharp, exact
17) [line 35] D'YEMAMEI NINHU - they are a product of the Torah learning that I acquired during the day

18) [line 37] MEINAM PURSA - to sleep a little
19) [line 38] YOMEI D'ARICHEI U'KTINEI - days that are long (for sleeping) and short (i.e. are useless for learning Torah and performing Mitzvos), i.e. the days in the grave

20) [line 38] V'NEINUM TUVA - and we will sleep very much
21) [line 39] PO'ALEI D'YEMAMEI ANAN - we are laborers who are hired for the day, i.e. we do not have time to take off

22) [line 40] YAZIF U'FARA - would borrow time from the day (to work) and pay it back at night (with learning)

23) [line 42] "VA'EKBETZEM EL HA'NAHAR ..." - "And I gathered them together at the river that runs to Ahavah, and we encamped there for three days; and I inspected the people, and the Kohanim, but found there none of the sons of Levi." (Ezra 8:15) - Ezra recounts that after their journey it took three days for him to come to the level of Binah (understanding). Praying is called Binah since the first blessing in the section of Bakashos (requests) of the Shemoneh Esrei prayer is the blessing for Binah (MAHARSHA).

24) [line 46] SHICHRA - beer
25) [line 47] HARSENA - fish-hash
26) [line 47] KOL HA'MISPATEH B'YEINO - whoever can be appeased after drinking wine
27) [line 49] KOL HA'MISYASHEV B'YEINO - whoever retains his clarity of mind after drinking wine

28) [line 50] YAYIN NITAN B'SHIV'IM OSIYOS - the Gematriya, or numeric value of Yayin is 70
Yud = 10
Yud = 10
Nun = 50
Total = 70

29) [line 52] "TENU SHECHAR ..." - "Give strong drink to the one who is about to perish, and wine to those of heavy hearts." (Mishlei 31:6) - The strong drink (Shechar) is an expression for wine that also hints at the payment (Sechar) for the wicked (the one who is about to perish, i.e. who will have no afterlife). HaSh-m rewards the wicked for any good deeds that they might have done in this world so that they loose their share in the World to Come. The second half of the verse recommends giving wine to mourners to comfort them (MAHARSHA).


30a) [line 3] KOSO - his goblet of wine; if he retains his clarity of mind after drinking wine
b) [line 3] KISO - his wallet; if he is trustworthy in his business transactions
c) [line 3] KA'ASO - his anger; if he is not too punctilious
31) [line 3] SACHAKO - his laughter; if he does not jest
32) [line 6] YASUV RABAH V'RAV YOSEF - Rabah and Rav Yosef were sitting
33) [line 7] B'SHILHEI PIRKEI D'RAV SHESHES - after the Derashah of Rav Sheshes
34) [line 9] KARKISH RABAH REISHEI - Rabah nodded his head in agreement

(a) All inhabitants of a courtyard must make an Eruv Chatzeiros together.
(b) The Tana'im argue as to whether those who regularly walk through a courtyard or Mavoy but live in a different courtyard or Mavoy have to be joined to the Eruv of the former. For example, must the inhabitants of an inner courtyard be included in the Eruv of an outer courtyard?
(c) Rebbi Akiva rules that they must be included (Regel ha'Muteres bi'Mekomah, Oseres Afilu she'Lo bi'Mekomah). Another Tana rules that they need not be included in the Eruv. A third Tana rules that only if the members of the inner courtyard did not make an Eruv among themselves do they interfere with the Eruv of the outer courtyard (Regel *ha'Asurah* bi'Mekomah, Oseres Afilu she'Lo bi'Mekomah). (Eruvin 75a)

36) [line 24] D'MIRTAS NACHRI - the non-Jew is afraid
37) [line 29] PUNDAK - inn (where the rooms opened onto a central courtyard)
38) [line 31] D'LO MATZI MASLIK LEI - that the Maskir (the owner) can not evict the tenant

39) [line 32] D'LO AGRINA - we cannot rent the Reshus from the Maskir

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