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Eruvin 55

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 55a [line 6]:
should be "B'MI SHE'MAGBI'A DA'ATO *ALAV*" (Dikdukei Sofrim #40)

[2] Gemara 55a [line 7]:
should be "B'MI SHE'MARCHIV DA'ATO *ALAV*" (Dikdukei Sofrim ibid.)

1a) [line 6] B'MI SHE'MAGBI'A DA'ATO (ALEHA) [ALAV] - in a person who is haughty
b) [line 7] B'MI SHE'MARCHIV DA'ATO (ALEHA) [ALAV] - in a person who desires material pleasures

2a) [line 10] SACHARANIM - merchants that travel from city to city to sell their wares
b) [line 10] TAGARIM - merchants that sell their wares in their own city

3) [line 18] KEMIN KESHES - in the shape of bow, "U"-shaped
4) [line 18] KEMIN GAM - in the shape of a Gamma, the third letter of the Greek alphabet, an inverted "L"

5) [line 22] D'ARICHA U'KETINA - it is long and narrow, i.e. rectangular
6) [line 22] LITEN LAH PUSYA A'URKA - we should extend its width to be as long as its length

7) [line 24] D'MERAB'A V'LO MERAB'A B'RIBU'A OLAM - it is square but is not aligned with the lines of longitude and latitude

8) [line 32] MODEDIN LAH MIN HA'YETER - we measure the 2000 Amos for it from the bowstring, the imaginary line drawn between the two ends of city

9) [last line] D'NOSNIN KARPAF L'ZU V'KARPAF L'ZU - we give an area of 70 Amos and 4 Tefachim as an extension for each part of the city, before we start to measure the Techum, and if the two extensions meet, both parts of the city are considered as one


10) [line 8] D'DECHIKA TASHMISHTAIHU - the use of the space outside of the cities would be very cramped

12) [line 19] NEFESH - a structure that is built over a grave (a) for watchmen (RASHI); (b) as a monument (ARUCH)

13) [line 20] KEVER - a cemetery
14) [line 21] CHAZAN - a caretaker
15) [line 22] KUMARIM - priests
16) [line 22] URVOS - stables
17) [line 22] OTZAROS - storehouses
18) [line 23] BURGANIN - temporary huts of the watchmen that guard the fields
19) [line 23] HA'BAYIS SHE'BA'YAM - a house located on an island in the sea
20) [line 23] HAREI ELU MIS'ABRIN IMAH - these are included in the city limits and the Techum is measured from their outside edges

21a) [line 17] BOR - a round well that is dug in the ground
b) [line 18] SHI'ACH - an elongated ditch
c) [line 18] ME'ARAH - a cave
22) [line 27] SHOVACH SHE'B'SOCHAH - the dovecote that is the field
23) [line 30] L'FANOS BO KEILIM SHE'B'SEFINAH - to remove and store there utensils that are on a boat

24) [line 32] L'HASHLIM - to complete the measurement of 4 X 4 Amos (since the building is lacking this area)

25) [line 32] TZERIFIN - cone-shaped huts
26) [line 34] TELASA PARSEI - three Parsa'os (Persian miles), approximately 11.5 kilometers (7.2 miles) or 13.8 kilometers (8.6 miles), depending upon the differing Halachic opinions; (1 PARSAH = 4 MIL)

27) [line 35] K'SHE'HEN NIFNIN - when they would defecate
28) [line 38] HUKBE'U - the adjacent huts are considered permanent dwellings, (and the Techum is measured as if the houses and huts constitute a city)

29) [line 40] BIRIYA - a town in the Galilee
30) [line 40] YOSHVEI KEVARIM - grave-dwellers, i.e. corpses
31) [line 44] MARBIN ES HA'ZEVEL - increase excrement
32) [last line] KOFEFIN ES HA'KOMAH - bend a person's posture

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