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Eruvin 54

ERUVIN 54 - has been dedicated by the Feldman family in honor of the Yahrzeit of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Nishmaso b'Ginzei Meromim.

1) [line 1] BATSHAH BEI - she kicked him
2) [line 1] "ARUCHAH BA'KOL U'SHMURAH" - "ordered in all things and secure" (Shmuel II 23:5) - The Gemara reads these words to mean "if the Torah is set into all of the limbs of the body (speaking out loud has an effect on all of the limbs - MAHARSHA), only then is it secure.

3a) [line 9] SHINENA! - well-learned person!
b) [line 9] PESACH PUMEICH, KEREI - open your mouth and read
4) [line 10] D'SISKAYEM BICH V'SORICH CHAYEI - that it should be retained in you and you should live a long life

5) [line 10] "KI CHAYIM HEM L'MOTZA'EIHEM ..." - "For they are life to those who find them, and health to all their flesh." (Mishlei 4:22)

6) [line 12] MOTZI'EIHEM B'FEH - those that express them with their mouths
7) [line 13] CHATOF V'ECHOL, CHATOF V'ISHTI - grab and eat, grab and drink
8) [line 14] HILULA - a wedding
9) [line 15] IM YESH LECHA, HEITEV LECHA - if you have [money], benefit yourself from it

10) [line 17] HISMAHME'AH - tarrying
11) [line 17] CHOK - rations, i.e. an inheritance
12) [line 17] BI'SHE'OL MI YAGID LACH - when you are dead, who will tell you if they still have it?

13) [line 19] HALALU NOTZETZIN V'HALALU NOVLIN - these blossom, and these wither; i.e. these people grow (and their sustenance likewise increases) and these people die

*14*) [line 20] HA'MEHALECH BA'DARECH V'EIN IMO LEVAYAH - if one is traveling on the way and he has no accompaniment [and is thus in a situation of danger]. It is not clear why the Gemara is discussing this here. Perhaps it is related to the theme of speaking out loud while learning, since that theme can also be learned from the verse cited here ("When is Torah a Leviyas Chen? When one speaks it out with his throat; "Anakim l'Gargeroshecha"). This is also why the Gemara gets back to this verse later on the page, and further elaborates on it.

15) [line 20] LEVAYAH - an escort
16) [line 21] "KI LIVYAS CHEN HEM L'ROSHECHA, V'ANAKIM L'GARGEROSECHA" - "for they shall be an adornment of grace for your head and chain-ornaments around your neck." (Mishlei 1:9) - This Pasuk is referring to the words of the Torah. The word for adornment is similar to the word for escorting, and therefore the Gemara suggests that a wayfarer who walks alone should learn Torah to make up for the lack of an escort.

17) [line 25] "RIF'US TEHI L'SHARECHA, V'SHIKUY L'ATZMOSECHA" - "It shall be health to your navel, and marrow to your bones." (Mishlei 3:8)

18) [line 29] L'ZEH YAFEH UL'ZEH KASHEH - it is beneficial for one malady and detrimental for a different one

19) [line 31] "KI NA'IM KI SISHMEREM B'VITNECHA, YIKONU YACHDAV AL SEFASECHA" - "For it is a pleasant thing if you keep them within you, let them be firmly attached to your lips." (Mishlei 22:18) - This Pasuk refers to the words of the Torah. The Gemara suggests that the way to keep the words of the Torah within you is if they are firmly attached to your lips, i.e. they are spoken out loud.

20) [line 32] BI'ZEMAN SHE'YIKONU YACHDAV AL SEFASECHA - at the time that you arrange them (words of Torah) together on your lips [and you speak them out loud]

21) [line 32] "SIMCHAH L'ISH B'MA'ANEH FIV, V'DAVAR B'ITO MAH TOV" - "A man has joy in the answer of his mouth, and a word in due time, how good it is!" (Mishlei 15:23)

22) [line 33] BI'ZEMAN SHE'MA'ANEH B'FIV - at the time when the utterance [of words of Torah] is in the mouth [and spoken out loud];

23) [line 33] BI'ZEMAN SHE'DAVAR B'ITO MAH TOV - (a) at the time when a person knows how to lecture about the Halachos of the festival at the time of the festival (RASHI, first explanation); (b) at the time when one knows to answer a question in Halachah when asked (RASHI, second explanation)

"You have given him his heart's desire, and have not withheld the request of his lips." (Tehilim 21:3)

25) [line 41] ANAK - necklace
26) [line 41] SHE'RAF AL HA'TZAVAR - that is loose around the neck
27) [line 41] V'NIR'EH V'EINO NIR'EH - and it is rarely seen
28) [line 42] "LECHAYAV KA'ARUGAS HA'BOSEM ..." - "His cheeks are like a bed of spices" (Shir ha'Shirim 5:13) - A person must eliminate any haughtiness like a lowly flower bed, and must teach the Torah that he learns to others like spices that give off their fragrance, in order to be assured that his Torah learning will remain with him.

29) [line 44] SHE'EINAH NIMCHEIS - which does become rubbed away
30) [line 49] MA'ALEI YOMA D'CHIPUREI - Erev Yom Kippur
31) [line 50] L'MEZIGA D'RAVA BREI D'RAV YOSEF BAR CHAMA - [this tastes like] the wine diluted the way that Rava brei d'Rav Yosef bar Chama dilutes wine

32) [line 51] LO TESIV! A'KAR'ICH - do not sit down, [but rather stand] on your feet! (TOSFOS Nazir 24b DH Amar)

33) [line 51] "... U'MIMIDBAR MATANAH" - "... and from the wilderness they went to [a place called] Matanah." (Bamidbar 21:18)

34) [line 55] "CHAYASCHA YASHVU BAH ..." - "Your flock found a home in it; You, HaSh-m, prepare for the poor with Your goodness." (Tehilim 68:11) - The word for flock literally means, "your animal," and the Gemara suggests that a Torah scholar must have certain qualities of wild animals.

35) [line 56] SHE'DORESES V'OCHELES - that tramples [its prey] and eats (see Rashi)

36) [line 56] SHE'MASRACHAS V'OCHELES - that lets its food get dirty rot and eats it (see Rashi)

37) [last line] "NOTZER TE'ENAH YOCHAL PIRYAH" - "He who guards the fig tree shall eat its fruit." (Mishlei 27:18)

*38*) [last line] LAMAH NIMSHELU DIVREI TORAH K'TE'ENAH? - why are words of Torah compared to the fig tree? This statement is mentioned here since it is related to the theme of *reviewing* what one has learned many times. This is the theme of many of the earlier Derashos, and the following Derashos. (Nir'eh v'Eino Nir'eh; Lechayav k'Even; Doreses v'Ocheles; Chavivah Kol Sha'ah).


39) [line 1] MEMASHMESH - probes [into]
40) [line 2] HOGEH - toils
41) [line 4] "AYELES AHAVIM V'YA'ALAS CHEN, DADEHA YARVUCHA B'CHOL ES" - "A loving doe and a pleasant roe; let her breasts satisfy you at all times." (Mishlei 5:19)

42) [line 6] RACHMAH TZAR - its mid-section (lit. womb) is narrow
43) [line 16] SHUK HA'TACHTON - the lower market
44) [line 17] SADINO MUTAL - his cloak was laying
45) [line 18] SERAF - a venomous serpent
46) [line 18] "ROCHVEI ASONOS TZECHOROS, YOSHVEI AL MIDIN, V'HOLCHEI AL DERECH SICHO" - "You that ride on white female donkeys, you that sit on couches, and you that walk by the way, tell the tale. (Shoftim 5:10)

47) [line 24] "LO YACHAROCH REMIYAH TZEIDO, LO YICHYEH V'LO YA'ARICH YAMIM" - "The swindler shall not glimpse his prey, but precious is the wealth of a diligent man." (Mishlei 12:27)

48) [line 25] TZAYAD HA'RAMA'I YACHROCH - the cunning hunter will roast [his catch] (referring to the cunning Torah scholar who reviews his learning before moving on, see Rashi)

49) [line 27] "HON ME'HEVEL YIM'AT, V'KOVETZ AL YAD YARBEH" - "Wealth from vanity will dwindle, but he who gathers by diligence will increase." (Mishlei 13:11)

50) [line 28] CHAVILOS CHAVILOS - bundles upon bundles, i.e. if he learns a large quantity at one time

51) [line 30] ANA AVIDTAH V'IKAYEM B'YADA'I - I acted in that matter and the Torah that I learned stayed with me

52) [line 41] L'HAR'OS LO PANIM - to teach his student how to show the reason for everything he says

53) [line 44] MISTAYA MILSA - it (the teaching of the Torah) will be successful

54) [line 46] V'GAMAR - and then he would understand it
55) [line 47] BE'AYUHA L'MILSA D'MITZVAH - they asked him to do a matter which was a Mitzvah

56) [line 48] ASCHAI L'DA'ATA'I - I stopped concentrating
57) [line 48] HASHTA KAI MAR - now you are getting up to go
58) [line 48] V'ASNI LACH - and I will teach it to you
59) [last line] "EMOR LA'CHACHMAH ACHOSI AT, U'MODA LA'BINAH TIKRA" - "Say to wisdom, 'You are my sister,' and call understanding, 'friend.'" (Mishlei 7:4)

60) [last line] ASEH MODA'IM LA'TORAH - make informative clues for the Torah
61) [last line] ASEH MO'ADIM LA'TORAH - make times for learning Torah

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