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Eruvin 33

ERUVIN 31-35 - have been dedicated by Mrs. Rita Grunberger of Queens, N.Y., in loving memory of her late husband, Yitzchok Yakov ben Eliyahu Grunberger. Mr Grunberger helped many people quietly in an unassuming manner and is sorely missed by all who knew him. Yahrzeit: 10 Sivan.

1) [line 1] IKARO - [at the base of] its trunk
2) [line 2] D'HADAR ZAKIF - it (the branch of the tree) afterwards goes straight up
3) [line 2] MAISI LAH DERECH ALAV - he may climb up the tree to bring down the Eruv
4) [line 13] A'HAI - with regard to which [part of the Beraisa did Chachamim make their statement]?

5) [line 14] TZEDADIN - (lit. sides) one-step-removed use of a tree, such as the use of a basket that is hanging from a tree limb

*6*) [line 16] KI NASNO B'KALKALAH, MAI HEVI - that is, even in the Kalkalah it is considered to be in a Reshus ha'Yachid. Since the Kalkalah is adjacent to Reshus ha'Yachid, it is called "Chorei Reshus ha'Yachid" and treated like Reshus ha'Yachid.


7) [line 2] CHOKEKIN L'HASHLIM (Excavating to complete [a required measurement])
(a) Chokekin l'Hashlim is a Halachic device by which a small space may be judged to be larger if there is sufficient volume in the surrounding walls to provide the extra size.
(b) For example, the Gemara (Eruvin 11b) records an argument between Rebbi Meir and Chachamim as to whether we apply Chokekin l'Hashlim in a situation where an archway's opening is too small to require a Mezuzah (i.e., it is not four Tefachim wide for a height of ten Tefachim), but the walls surrounding the archway are thick. If they are thick enough that had they been excavated, the doorway could be made 4 Tefachim wide for a height of ten Tefachim, Rebbi Meir asserts that the doorway must have a Mezuzah.
(c) Chokekin l'Hashlim is only applied to *part* of an opening, not to the entire opening. For example, in the above situation Rebbi Meir applies Chokekin l'Hashlim only when the lower three Tefachim of the doorway are already four Tefachim wide, but the before it reaches a height of ten Tefachim the doorway gets narrower. Chokekin can *complete* the doorway by making the top as if it, too, were four Tefachim wide, although it really is less than that.

8) [line 13] TERASKAL - a basket
9) [line 15] HADRAN MECHITZASA - the extended walls of the basket (which reach from the bottom of the basket to the ground) encircle it (the pole).
10) [line 20] U'MACHSHICH ALAV - he (his Shali'ach) stays there with it until dark

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