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Eruvin 22

ERUVIN 22, sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.

1) [line 5] YENUKEI - children
2) [line 6] MI SHELIMU KURAMEI B'AGMA?! - are the vegetables (alt., reed- grasses, whose inner surface can be ground into flour) in the marshes all gone?!

*3*) [line 7] "U'MESHALEM L'SON'AV EL PANAV L'HA'AVIDO" - This is mentioned here since we had brought up the subject of Tzadik v'Ra Lo.

*4*) [line 11] L'SON'AV HU D'LO YE'ACHER - Hashem does not delay paying the *good deeds* of his enemies; he repays them in this world and does not save their reward for the world to come.

5) [line 23] KARPAF -A Karpaf is an enclosed area that is located outside of a settlement, used for storage of timber and other such objects. enclosures were *not* made for dwelling purposes.

6) [line 39] ARICH V'KATIN - long and narrow
7) [line 40] SHE'TASHMISHO L'DIRAH - which is used for living purposes
8) [line 42] SHE'TASHMISHAH L'AVIR - whose only purpose is to provide protection from the outside elements

9) [line 42] BURGANIN - temporary huts of the watchmen that are on guard outside of the cities


10) [line 1] D'MAKIF LAH - that it is surrounded by
11a) [line 1] SULMA D'TZUR - the Ladder of Tyre (Scala Tyriorum, a promontory south of Tyre on the southern coast of Lebanon)
b) [line 2] MACHASANA D'GEDER - the declivity of Geder

12) [line 3] PERAS - [the banks of] the Euphrates River
13) [line 3] DIGLAS - [the banks of] the Tigris River
14) [line 4] MAKIF OKI'ANUS - is surrounded by the Ocean
15) [line 5] MA'ALOS U'MORADOS - ascents and descents
16) [line 5] KARKAFNA!, CHAZISEI L'REISHACH BEI AMUDEI - (a) Great Skull! (prominent person), I saw your head (your teacher, i.e. Rabah bar Nachmani) between the pillars (of the Beis ha'Midrash of Rebbi Yochanan) (TOSFOS DH Karkafna); (b) Great Person! You have hit upon the exact teaching of Rebbi Yochanan as if you personally had been present in his Beis ha'Midrash! (RITVA)

17) [line 21] MA'ALOS BEIS MARON - the ascent of Beis Maron, which was a narrow path up a very steep slope, on which people would walk single file

(a) When there is a doubt as to whether an object is Tahor or Tamei, if the object is found in Reshus ha'Rabim the object is Tahor. If it is found in a private, concealed place, it is judged to be Tamei.
(b) This is learned from the case of the Sotah woman (Bamidbar 5; see Background to Berachos 63, #6). In the case of a Sotah, where only two people were about at the time that there arose a question as to her status, she is judged Tamei/culpable. Similarly, whenever there are only two people present (i.e. Reshus ha'Yachid l'Tum'ah), if a doubt arises regarding the status of an object it is judged to be Tamei. Whenever more than two people frequent a certain area (i.e. Reshus ha'Rabim l'Tum'ah), if a doubt arises regarding the status of an object it is judged to be Tahor.

*19*) [line 30] L'VOROS - the third Mechitzah of the Mavoy is bounded by a ditch
*20*) [line 34] SHEVILEI BEIS GILGUL - the winding paths of Beis Gilgal. (Beis Gilgal was apparently a winding path encircling a steep mountain. mountain rose more than 10 Tefachim per 4 Amos, and therefore should be a Reshus ha'Yachid, since the sides of the mountain are seen as its Mechitzos.

21) [line 36] SERADYOT - a Roman or Greek officer
22) [last line] CHAGURAH - a periphery of ropes

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