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Eruvin 21

ERUVIN 21, sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.

1) [line 1] METAPES V'OLEH, METAPES V'YORED - he climbs up and he climbs down (O.F. (charpir) [ranper] to climb)

2a) [line 16] BURGANIN - temporary huts of the watchmen that are on guard outside of the cities

(a) A person is only allowed to walk a distance of 2000 Amos, approximately 960 meters (3147 feet) or 1,152 meters (3774 feet), depending upon the differing Halachic opinions, from his city (or dwelling place if he is not in a city) on Shabbos or Yom Tov.
(b) If permanent or temporary dwellings are located within 70 2/3 Amos of the city, Iburo Shel Ir (the city's limits, or "bulge") extends until the last dwelling, and the 2000 Amos are measured from there. Rav Yirmiyah Bar Aba in the name of Rav asserts that the Burganin (see above, entry 2a) of Bavel cannot be used to extend the city limits. Since flood waters are common in Bavel, these Burganin are often washed away, and cannot even be considered temporary dwellings.

3) [line 18] BIDKEI - floodwaters (that wash away the Burganin)
4) [line 19] MESIVTA - Yeshivos
5) [line 23] SHECHICHI GANAVEI - thieves are common
6) [line 27] AMREI - people say
7) [line 27] ASISU MI'BARNESH - that you come from Barnesh (in Bavel, probably the modern Khar-Birnus, near Helle) [to Bei Kenishta d'Daniel on Shabbos]

8) [line 31] MASVASA - (destroyed) cities
*9*) [line 32] AMAR RAV CHISDA, DARISH MARI BAR MAR - The Gemara cites this here because the previous Sugya mentioned a conversation that took place between Rav Chisda and Mari son of Rav Huna (son of Rebbi Yirmiya bar Aba); therefore it continues to bring a citation of Rav Chisda quoting Mari bar Mar. (It appears that Mari bar Mar is Mari bar Rav Huna. Since Rav Chisda's Rebbi was also named "Huna," he didn't want to call Mari's father by name and called him "bar Mar [= the master]" -- Dikdukei Sofrim #100)

10) [line 33] "L'CHOL TICHLAH RA'ISI KETZ ..." - "I have seen an end for every purpose; but your commandment (the Torah) is exceedingly broad." (Tehilim 119:96) - Mari bar Mar taught that King David, Iyov and Yechezkel all spoke about the vast infiniteness of the Torah, but they only referred to certain parts of the Torah. prophecy of Zecharya speaks of the entire Torah. (see MAHARSHA)

11) [line 41] "VA'YIFROS OSAH LEFANAI ..." - "And it (the hand) spread it (the scroll) out before me; and it had writing on the front and on the back. And in it was written lamentations and mourning and woe." (Yechezkel 2:10)

12) [line 47] "HOVAH AL HOVAH TAVO" - "Calamity shall follow upon calamity" (Yechezkel 7:26) - This verse proves that the word "Hi" is referring to the punishment of the wicked in the World to Come

13) [line 50] MEGILAH AFAH - a folded scroll
14) [line 53] V'CHI KALFAS LAH - and if you would peel apart the front and the back of the parchment

15a) [line 54] "MI MADAD B'SHA'ALO MAYIM..." - "Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance?" (Yeshayahu 40:12)
*b*) [line 54] "V'SHAMAYIM BA'ZERES TIKEN" - Although the beginning of the verse discusses the size of the *heavens*, rather than the earth, the end of the verse continues "and He measured in thirds the earth of the land," that is, with the same Zeres that created the heavens. This implies that both heavens and earth were the size of a Zeres.

16) [last line] "V'HINEH SHNEI DUDA'EI TE'ENIM ..." - "... and behold, two cauldrons of figs were set before the temple of HaSh-m" (Yirmeyahu 24:1)


17) [line 4] AVAD SIVRAM U'VATEL SIKUYAM - their hope (of returning to HaSh- m) is gone and their prospect is frustrated

18) [line 7] "HA'DUDA'IM NASNU REI'ACH ..." - "The mandrakes give a fragrance, and at our gates are all manner of choice fruits, new and old, which I have stored for you, my beloved." (Shir ha'Shirim 7:14)

19a) [line 9] SHE'MAGIDOS PISCHEIHEN L'VA'ALEIHEN - they tell their husbands when they see Dam Nidah
b) [line 10] SHE'OGDOS PISCHEIHEN L'VA'ALEIHEN - they are faithful to their husbands (lit.y keep themselves tied up, closed [to others])

*20*) [line] HARBEH GEZEIROS GAZARTI - that is, Yisrael made many decrees to enhance the observance of Arayos (which the verse is discussing, according to this Drash), such as Sheniyos l'Arayos. Since the Gemara mentions Sheniyos here, a Solomonic institution, it continues to dwell on the other Solomonic insitutions, such as Eruvin and Netilas Yadayim.

21) [line 18] "V'YOSER ME'HEMAH BENI ..." - "And furthermore, my son, be admonished: of making many books there is no end; and much study is a weariness of the flesh." (Koheles 12:12)

22) [line 23] HA'MAL'IG - that ridicules
23) [line 24] TZO'AH ROSACHAS - boiling hot excrement
24) [line 25] HA'HOGEH VAHEN - that repeats them over and over
25) [line 27] METZA'O SHOMER BEIS HA'ASURIN - the guard of the prison found him
26) [line 28] LACHTOR BEIS HA'ASURIN - to tunnel out of the prison
27) [line 38] "CHORFI" - "the one who shames me" (Mishley 27:11)
28) [line 38] LECHAH DODI, NETZE HA'SADEH ..." - "Come, my beloved, let us go forth into the field; let us lodge in the villages." (Shir ha'Shirim 7:13)

29) [line 41] K'YOSHVEI KERAKIM - like the inhabitants of large cities
30) [line 47] "V'YOSER SHE'HAYAH KOHELES CHACHAM ..." - "And besides being wise, Koheles also taught the people knowledge; for he weighed, and sought out, and set in order many proverbs." (Koheles 12:9)

31) [line 48] D'AGMEREI B'SIMANEI TA'AMIM - he standardized the text of the Tanach and Mishnah and taught mnemonic devices in order to remember the exact amount of words and their order

32) [line 49] V'ASBERAH B'MAI D'DAMI LEI - he explained it by demonstrating when to learn one subject from comparable matters

33) [line 50] KEFIFAH - a basket
34) [line 50] "KEVUTZOSAV TALTALIM" - "... his locks are wavy, and black as a raven." (Shir ha'Shirim 5:11)

35) [last line] AL KOL KOTZ V'KOTZ - on every Tag (crownlet on the letters)

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