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Eruvin 13

ERUVIN 11-15 sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.

1) [line 3] V'LO MESAIMEI - it is not clear who holds which opinion
2) [line 9] L'CHADED BAH HA'TALMIDIM - [he praised it to induce his students to learn and] to sharpen their scholarship

3) [line 15] KANKANTUM - (O.F. adrement) vitriol, black ink used by shoemakers
4) [line 21] LAVLAR - a scribe
5) [line 28] "U'MACHAH [EL MEI HA'MARIM]" - "and he erased it [in the bitter water]" (Bamidbar 5:23)

6) [line 31] MEICHASH L'ZEVUV - I am cautious lest a fly [land on a letter Dales, for example, wiping off its corner and changing it into a Reish] (therefore I use Kankantum, which is a fly-repellent - TOSFOS YESHANIM)

7) [line 32] A'TAGEI D'DALES - on the upper-right corner of the letter Dales
8) [line 36] L'MEIKAM A'LIBEI - to understand his intentions
9) [line 37] V'GAMAR GEMARA - he memorized the Mishnayos
10) [line 37] V'SAVAR SEVARA - he learned Talmudic methodology and how to analyze Mishnayos

11) [line 39] PARSHAS SOTAH
(a) A Sotah is a woman who is suspected of committing adultery, because she was warned by her husband not to be alone with a certain man and she violated the warning. husband must bring his wife to the Beis ha'Mikdash, along with a flour offering consisting of 1/10 of an Eifah (approx. 2 quarts) of barley meal.

(b) An earthenware jug is then filled with half a Lug of water from the Kiyor, and dirt from the floor of the Azarah is placed on top of the water. Parshas Sotah, the portion of the Torah describing the curses with which a Sotah is cursed (which contains numerous appearances of HaSh-m's name), is written on parchment and then immersed in the water, causing the ink to dissolve and the Holy Name to be erased.

(c) The Kohen reads this Parshah out loud (in any language that the Sotah understands) and makes the Sotah swear that she has been faithful to her husband. She then drinks from the water. If she had been unfaithful to her husband, the water enters her body and causes her belly to swell out and her thigh to rupture. If she was faithful to her husband, she remains unharmed and is blessed with children (Bamidbar 5:11-31).

12) [line 44] D'INTIK - it has been designated
13) [line 47] D'LEHISLAMED KESIVA - it is written to learn from


14) [line 3] LISHMAH (For Her Sake)
(a) A Get (bill of divorce) must be written for the sake of the woman who is to be divorced, as is learned from the verse in the Torah, "v'Kasav *Lah* Sefer Kerisus" - "and he must write *for her* a bill of divorce" (Devarim 24:1). scribe must therefore write at least: 1) the name of the wife, 2) the name of the husband, 3) the place and 4) the words "Harei At Muteres l'Chol Adam" -- "You are hereby free to marry whomever you wish" -- with the intention that this Get will be used to divorce this specific woman. (see RAMBAM Hilchos Gerushin 3:7)

(b) The Tana'im argue as to whether Parshas Sotah (see above, #11) must be written Lishmah (for the sake of the woman who will drink it). Rebbi Achai bar Yoshi'ah rules that it does not have to be written Lishmah. verse in Bamidbar (5:30) only requires "Asi'ah" ("doing" = erasing of Parshas Sotah) Lishmah, and not Kesivah (writing) Lishmah. RAMBAM (Hilchos Sotah 3:8) rules like Tana Kama, that Parshas Sotah must be written Lishmah.

15) [line 17] D'MECHADADNA - that I am sharper, keener
16) [line 25] TALMID VASIK - (a) a diligent, humble student who cherishes the Mitzvos (RASHI Berachos 9b); (b) an outstanding scholar noted for deep analysis and sharp reasoning (TALMIDEI RABEINU YONAH Berachos 25b); (c) a student with good qualities (MUSAF HE'ARUCH in the Aruch)

*17*) [line 30] SHALOS SHANIM NECHLEKU BEIS SHAMAI U'VEIS HILLEL - (This is mentioned here since we had brought up the fact that Rebbi Meir was so sharp, the Chachamim did not want to rule in accordance with his opinion (since they were never sure that they fully understood him). Similarly, the students of Beis Shamai were very sharp (Yevamot 14a), yet it was eventually decided by a Bas Kol not to rule in accordance with their opinion.)

18) [line 35] NOCHIN V'ALUVIN HAYU - they were pleasant and submissive
19) [line 42] MECHAZERES ACHARAV - pursues him
20) [line 43] KOL HA'DOCHEK ES HA'SHA'AH - (lit. whoever tries to force time) whoever tries to accomplish something before its time

21) [line 43] SHA'AH DOCHAKTO - (lit. time pushes him away) what he tries to achieve evades him

22a) [line 47] YEFASHPESH B'MA'ASAV - he should examine his past deeds (and do Teshuvah for his sins)
b) [line 47] YEMASHMESH B'MA'ASAV - he should evaluate the deeds that he is going to do

23) [line 48] ARI'ACH - a brick which is a three Tefachim by one and a half Tefachim
24) [line 48] LEVENAH - a brick which is three Tefachim by three Tefachim

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