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Eruvin 3

ERUVIN 3, - dedicated to the memory of Sarah Dvosya bas Rav Mordechai (Feldman) of Milwaukee by her children.

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Daf 3a, Rashi DH Kinei
The word "mi'Tachas"
should be "mi'Chomas"

1) [line 1] AMALTERA - cornice, a horizontal strip of stone, wood or plaster crowning a building or entrance, usually molded and projecting

2) [line 3] MILAH - a species of oak from which gall-nuts are collected (O.F. gales - (a) an abnormal growth caused by insects; or (b) the acorns), which are used as a tanning material

*3*) [line 5] DILMA KI TANYA - (Dilma here means more than just "perhaps." The Mishnah *certainly* is referring to the door of the Ulam.)

4) [line 7] DILMA TAVNIS HEICHAL K'TAVNIS ULAM - (a) *perhaps* the shape/design of the Heichal was similar to that of the Ulam; (b) the shape/design of the Heichal was *definitely* similar to that of the Ulam (RITVA, RASHASH)

5) [line 8] RECHAVAH 4 - the Korah must be four Tefachim wide
6) [line 9] BERI'AH - sturdy enough to hold an Ari'ach (half of a 3-Tefach- wide brick)
*7*) [line 11] AMALTERA MASNISA HI - that is, it was not Rav who permitted a 20+ Amah high Korah with an Amaltera. It was a Beraisa that permitted it, and someone mistakenly said it over in Rav's name.

8) [line 25] D'LO SHALTA BEI EINA - (lit. that the eye cannot reach) it is above the peripheral vision

9) [line 34] KINEI - decorations that resemble birds' nests
10) [line 34] PISKEI D'ARZA - strips of cedar wood
11) [line 36] NAFISH MASHCHEI - they are very long
12) [line 40] D'AMRINAN KALUSH - that we Halachically consider it as if it is thin (and therefore within 20 Amos)

13) [line 40] CHAMASAH MERUBAH MI'TZILASAH - the amount of sunlight that enters the Sukah is greater than the amount of shade from the Sechach (which invalidates a Sukah)

14) [line 41] SHEPUDIN - spits
15) [line 43] MADKEREI AHADADEI - they remind one another
16a) [line 50] KIDRA D'VEI SHUTFEI - a pot that belongs to partners
b) [line 50] LO CHAMIMA V'LO KERIRA - is neither hot nor cold


17) [line 9] CHALALAH ASARAH - the space beneath the Korah must measure ten Tefachim

18) [line 11] KIL'AYIM (KIL'EI HA'KEREM)
(a) It is forbidden to plant different types of crops in a vineyard as it states in the Torah, "Lo Sizra Karmecha Kil'ayim, Pen Tikdash ha'Melei'ah ha'Zera Asher Tizra u'Sevu'as ha'Karem." - "You shall not sow your vineyard with other species, lest the fruit of the seed which you have sown, and the fruit of the vineyard, be forfeited." (Devarim 22:9). If one sows Kil'ayim, the produce becomes prohibited ('Kidesh,' from the word in the verse, 'Tikdash').

(b) The Mishnayos in Maseches Kil'ayim specify the distance that one must leave in between different crops.

(c) Rebbi Yoshiya rules that the prohibition of Kil'ei ha'Kerem forbids only the planting of wheat, barley and grape seed at the same time (with one throw of the hand). TOSFOS (Kidushin 39a DH ha'Hu) suggests as his source that the words "Karmecha Kil'ayim" indicate that there was a *mixture* of crops (wheat and barley) planted at the same time that the vineyard was planted. (According to Tosfos to Bechoros 54a DH Dagan, Rebbi Yoshiya is only discussing Kil'ei ha'Kerem. He agrees that if one plants wheat and barley together one transgresses the prohibition of Kil'ei Zera'im, as the Torah states, "Sadecha Lo Sizra Kil'ayim," - "Do not plant different species (together) in your field." (Vayikra 19:19)).

19) [line 12] PIRTZAS MAVOY - a breach larger than ten Amos in the wall of a Mavoy which renders the Mavoy unfit for carrying

20) [line 13] MESHECH MAVOY - the minimum length of a Mavoy

21) [line 24] KARACHAS HA'KEREM (The Baldspot of a Vineyard) When grapevines in the middle of a vineyard die or are uprooted, Beis Shamai and Beis Hilel disagree as to the amount of space that must be exposed in order to permit planting a different crop in the "baldspot."

22) [line 24] MACHOL HA'KEREM (The Perimeter of a Vineyard) When grapevines at the perimeter of a vineyard die or are uprooted, Beis Shamai and Beis Hilel disagree as to the amount of space that must be exposed in order to permit planting a different crop in the barren space.

23) [line 32] RETZUFIM B'ARBA AMOS - when the rows of vines are within four Amos of each other

24a) [last line] SOCHAKOS - wide (lit. laughing) handbreadths, i.e. with the fingers not touching each other
b) [last line] ATZEIVOS - narrow (lit. sorrowful) handbreadths, i.e. with the fingers touching each other

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