REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Chulin 25
(a) Rav Ada bar Ahavah asked that K'lei Cheres should become Tamei from the
outside from a 'Kal va'Chomer' from other Keilim.
Which 'Kal va'Chomer'?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shemini (in connection with other
Keilim) "ve'Chol Asher Yipol *Alav*"?
(c) How do we counter the current Kashya from the Pasuk there "ve'Chol K'li
Pasu'ach Asher Ein Tzamid Pasil Alav Tamei Hu"? Given that it is speaking
about a K'li Cheres, what do we extrapolate from it?
(a) What do we extrapolate from "Tocho" (in connection with a K'li Cheres)?
(b) But did we not use "Tocho" for the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' of Rebbi Yonasan
ben Avtulmus ('Tocho Letamei ve'Tocho Litamei')?
(c) What do we mean when we say that there are four "Tocho"?
(a) We have just explained two of the "Tochos".
Given that we need one
"Tocho" itself, what do we learn from the fourth one?
(b) What does this mean? How tall is the middle K'li?
(a) We conclude 'va'Afilu K'li Shetef Matzil'.
What is 'K'li Shetef'?
(b) Why might we have thought that a K'li Shetef does not prevent the food
that it contains from becoming Tamei?
(c) In that case, what makes this case different? On what grounds does the
vessel itself not become Tamei, and why does it protect the food inside it?
(a) Finally, we ask why K'lei Shetef become Tamei from the outside.
should they not?
(b) How do we answer the Kashya, based on the Pasuk "ve'Chol K'li Pasu'ach
... Tamei *Hu*"?
(a) How does the Beraisa establish our Mishnah 'Tahor bi'Chelei Eitz, Tamei
(b) What is the source for ...
(c) The Beraisa establishes 'Tahor bi'Chelei Matchos, Tamei bi'Chelei Eitz'
by Gulmei Keilim.
- ... the ruling regarding 'PeshuteiK'lei Eitz'?
- ... the Tum'ah of K'lei Matchos?
What are 'Gulmei Keilim'?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about ...
Answers to questions
(b) The one exception which the Tana lists that is Tahor, is a wooden vessel
that requires scratching out a hollow to be used as a receptacle.
- ... a wooden vessel that still requires smoothening with a plane, ornamental pins to be added, round grooves to be pressed into it, or sand papering?
- ... a wooden vessel that still requires a base, a rim or a handle?
problem do we have with this?
(c) We answer 'de'Chak Kepiza be'Kaba'.
What does this mean? How does it
answer the Kashya?
(a) The Beraisa lists four similar Gulmei K'lei Mat'chos as it did regarding
Gulmei K'li Eitz, but adds a metal vessel that needs to be flattened with a
If 'La'shuf' means to smoothen metal vessels with a lamina, what
does 'Legarer' mean?
(b) The Tana exchanges 'Lekarkov' (to press round grooves into it) for
What does 'Lekarker' mean?
(c) These five Gulmei K'lei Mat'chos are Tahor.
What does the Tana say
about a metal vessel that still requires ...
- ... a base, a rim or a handle?
- ... a lid?
(a) What is the reason for the previous ruling?
(b) Rebbi Yochanan ascribes the Tana's general leniency regarding Gulmei
K'lei Mat'chos to the fact that metal vessels are made for Kavod (as was the
case in those days). Consequently, until they were completely finished, they
could not be sold, and did not serve their purpose.
What does Rav Nachman
(c) What are the ramifications of their Machlokes? Which kind of vessel are
valuable but not made for Kavod?
(d) Rav Nachman follows his reasoning elsewhere.
What statement did Rav
Nachman make regarding bone vessels?
(a) What does Rebbi Yishmael b'no shel Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah learn from
the Pasuk in Matos "ve'Chol *Ma'aseh Izim* Tischat'u"? What does this come
(b) What does he learn from "ve'Chol"?
(c) Then why does the Pasuk mention "Izim"?
(a) Our Mishnah discusses which almonds are Chayav and which are Patur.
Chayav and Patur from what?
(b) The Beraisa establishes our Mishnah 'ha'Chayav bi'Shekeidim ha'Marim
Patur bi'Mesukim' by small almonds (that are not fully-grown).
the Tana establish the Seifa 'ha'Chayav bi'Shekeidim ha'Mesukim Patur
(c) If the Tana's reason by sweet almonds is because people tend to wait
until they are ripe before picking them, what is his reason by bitter ones?
(d) According to Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi in the name of his father,
small almonds are always Patur from Ma'asros.
What do others say?
(e) According to the latter opinion, what use do fully-grown bitter almonds
(a) Our Mishnah discusses Temed.
What is 'Temed'?
(b) The Tana rules that until Temed ferments, it cannot be purchased with
money of Ma'aser Sheini (in connection with which the Torah mentions wine)
What does he say about invalidating a Mikvah, which does not yet contain
(the Shi'ur Mikveh of) forty Sa'ah, if three Lugin should fall into one?
(c) What is the reason for these rulings?
(d) And what does the Tana say about the same Temed once it has fermented?
(e) What is the connection between the previous Mishnahs on the one hand,
and the current and ensuing ones on the other?
(a) When giving one's half-Shekel, everyone had to give a Kalbon.
(b) How many Kalbonos did two brothers who had divided their father's
inheritance and then formed a partnership have to give if they gave a full
Shekel between them?
(c) Which kind of partners gave only *one* Kalbon? What is 'Tefusas
(d) As far as Ma'aser Beheimah is concerned, says the Tana, this distinction
between the two kinds of partners works in reverse.
How would that work?
(a) The Tana Kama in a Beraisa rules that someone who makes Temed, and finds
exactly as much juice as the water that he added, is Patur from Ma'asros.
What will be the Din by Temed ...
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(b) What makes us think that our Mishnah goes like neither Tana?
(c) Rav Nachman Amar Rabah bar Avuhah answers that the Tanaim are arguing
over Temed that turned sour.
Who is then the author of our Mishnah?
(d) Why does Rav Nachman not establish the Machlokes by Temed that did not
turn sour, in order to establish our Mishnah like the Rabbanan?
Answers to questions
- ... that did not ferment?
- ... that fermented, but which contains more juice than the water that one added, according to the Chachamim?