POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Chulin 65
1) "SIMANIM" OF BIRDS THAT ARE "TAMEI"
(a) (Mishnah): Chachamim said, any bird...
2) THE "SIMANIM" OF LOCUSTS
(b) (Beraisa - R. Gamliel): Any bird that is Dores (Rashi -
holds its food in its claws while eating; R. Tam - eats
its prey before it dies) is Tamei;
1. If it (Rashi - does not Dores and) has an extra toe,
a crop, and the stomach can be peeled, it is Tahor;
(c) R. Eliezer b'Rebbi Tzadok says, we prepare a string for
it to perch on:
1. If it puts two toes in front and two in back, it is
Tamei; if it puts three in front and one in back, it
(d) R. Shimon ben Elazar says, any bird that catches food
(that is thrown to it) in the air is Tamei.
1. Interjection: Some Tahor birds do this!
(e) Others say, if it dwells with Tamei birds, it is Tamei;
if it dwells with Tahor birds, it is Tahor.
2. Answer (Abaye): If it catches and eats the food in
midair, it is Tamei.
1. Suggestion: Others hold like R. Eliezer, who says
that Zarzir dwells with ravens because it is a
species of raven (it is Tamei.)
2. Rejection: Others can hold even like Chachamim -
they mean, a bird that dwells with Tamei birds *and
resembles them* is Tamei.
(a) (Mishnah): Any Chagav (locust)...(that has wings that
cover the majority...)
3) HOW WE LEARN WHICH LOCUSTS ARE "TAHOR"
(b) Question: Which majority must they cover?
(c) Version #1 - Answer (Rav Yehudah): They must cover most
of its length.
(d) Version #2 - Answer (Rav Yehudah): They must cover most
of its circumference.
1. (Rav Papa): We must be concerned for both versions;
it is forbidden unless both majorities are covered.
(e) (Beraisa): If it doesn't have legs for jumping, but will
grow them later, like the Zachal species, it is permitted
(if it has the other Simanim);
(f) R. Eliezer b'Rebbi Yosi says, "Asher *Lo* Chera'ayim" -
even if it lacks them now, but will grow them later it is
permitted. ("Lo" is written with an Aleph, connoting
'does not have'; a tradition from Sinai teaches that it
is pronounced as if it was written with a Vav, connoting
'it has'; today, most traditions of pronunciation do not
distinguish these sounds.)
(g) (Abaye): 'Zachal' is the species called 'Askrin'.
(a) (Beraisa #1): "These you may eat...Arbeh Sal'am Chargol
Chagav" - these refer (respectively) to red locust,
yellow locust, gray locust (or long-horned Chagav) and
small white locust (alternatively - Chagav is a general
term for many species of locusts.)
1. It says "l'Minehu" (or "l'Mino") after each of them
- these include Tzipores Keramim, Yuchna
Yerushalmis, Artzuviya, and Razbanis respectively
(b) (Beraisa - Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): The Torah taught here
extra Klalim and Pratim:
1. "Arbeh" - this is red locust; "l'Mino" includes
2. Had the Torah written only this, we would have
learned (from the Klal Prat u'Klal) species that
have no Gabachas (Rashi - bald head; Aruch - hump);
(c) Question (Rav Achai): Arbeh, Sal'am and Chargol all have
short heads - we cannot learn to species with long heads!
3. Question: What is the source to include species with
4. Answer: "Sal'am l'Minehu" include them.
5. Had the Torah written only Arbeh and Sal'am, we
would include species with or without a Gabachas,
but only if they do not have a tail;
6. Question: What is the source to include species with
7. Answer: "Chargol l'Minehu" includes them.
8. This only teaches species with or without a
Gabachas, with or without a tail, that do not have a
9. Question: What is the source to include species with
a long head?
10. Answer: We learn from a Tzad ha'Shaveh (the common
aspect) of these three species:
i. Each has different Simanim; the Tzad ha'Shaveh
is that they have four legs, four wings, extra
legs for jumping, and the wings cover the
majority of the body.
11. Suggestion: Tzirtzur has all these, perhaps it is
12. Rejection: "Chagav" - it must be called Chagav.
13. Suggestion: If it depends on being called Chagav,
perhaps the above Simanim are not needed!
14. Rejection: "l'Minehu" - it must also have the
1. Suggestion: Since they all have the four Simanim, we
are not concerned about the head.
(d) (Rav Achai): Rather, Sal'am is extra, for it could have
been learned from Arbeh and Chargol:
2. Rejection: If so, why did the Torah write "Chargol"
- we should learn from Arbeh and Sal'am, since they
have all four Simanim!
3. Rather, we cannot learn from Arbeh and Sal'am, since
they have no tail - likewise, we cannot learn
(species with long heads) from species with short
1. They are both Tahor, even though Arbeh has a tail
and Chargol has a Gabachas - also Sal'am is Tahor,
even though it has a tail and Gabachas.
2. Since Sal'am is extra, it teaches that a species
(with the other Simanim) is Tahor even if its head