POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Chulin 42
CHULIN 41-43 - sponsored by Dr. Lindsay A. Rosenwald of Lawrence NY, in
honor of his father, David ben Aharon ha'Levy Rosenwald of blessed memory.
***** PEREK ELU TEREIFOS *****
1) DEFECTS THAT MAKE AN ANIMAL "TEREIFAH"
(a) (Mishnah): Any of the following defects makes an animal a
2) THE 18 "TEREIFOS"
1. A puncture in any of the following - the Veshet; the
membrane surrounding the brain; the heart (and the
puncture reaches to the interior); the Kevah (last
stomach); the gall bladder; the small intestines;
the inner Keres (first stomach); the Masas (a middle
stomach) or the Beis ha'Kosos (the connection
between the Keres and Masas) (and the puncture
extends to the outside);
(b) The rule is, any injury that will cause an animal to die
makes it a Tereifah.
2. The lungs were punctured or are lacking;
i. R. Shimon says, this is only if the puncture
extends to the smaller branches.
3. The majority of the outer Keres was torn;
i. R. Yehudah says, this is for a small ox; for a
large ox, it it only if one Tefach is torn;
4. The (majority of the width of the) Kaneh is cut;
5. The spine was broken, snapping the spinal cord;
6. The liver was totally removed;
7. The animal fell from the roof;
8. Most of the ribs were broken;
9. An animal Nidras (scratched and posioned) by a wolf;
i. R. Yehudah says, a small animal Nidras by a
wolf, or (even) a large animal Nidras by a
10. A small bird Nidras by a Netz (small hawk or
cuckoo?), or a large bird Nidras by a Gas (large
(c) (Gemara - Reish Lakish) Question: Where does the Torah
hint at the concept of Tereifah?
(d) Objection: It explicitly says, "Do not eat the meat of a
(e) (Clarification of question): Rather, where does the Torah
hint that a Tereifah cannot live?
1. The end of the Mishnah implies that a Tereifah
cannot live - what is the Tana's source?
(f) Answer: "This is the Chayah that you will eat" - implying
that a Tereifah, which you may not eat, is not Chai
(g) Question: (There is a Tana who holds that a Tereifah can
live -) what is the source for the Tana that argues?
(h) Answer #1: "*This* is the Chayah you may eat" - implying,
there is another Chayah (living animal) you may not eat,
namely a Tereifah.
1. Our Tana expounds "This" like Tana d'Vei R.
(i) Rejection (and Answer to Question 2): No, all expound
"This" like Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael.
i. (Beraisa - Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): "*This* is
the Chayah you may eat" - Hash-m showed Moshe
every species and told him which may be eaten.
2. Question: What is the other Tana's source for this?
(j) Answer #2: The other Tana learns from a different
teaching of Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael.
1. (Beraisa - Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): "Between the
Chayah that may be eaten and the Chayah that may not
be eaten" - there are living animals that may not be
eaten, namely, the 18 Tereifos Hash-m taught to
Moshe on Sinai.
(a) Questions: There are Tereifos other than the 18 listed in
1. There are another four (hinted at by the acronym
BaShGaR) and another seven taught by Amora'im (these
will be taught later)!
2. This is not difficult for the Tana of our Mishnah -
he taught some Tereifos, and taught 'The rule is...'
suggesting that there are others.
(b) Question #1: ('Beis' of BaShGaR) - a *B*ehemah whose hind
legs were cut above the knee is Tereifah! (The Gemara
(76A) discusses if this refers to the higher or lower
3. But Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael says that there are
(c) Answer #1: Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael holds like R. Shimon
ben Elazar, who says that if the thigh is scalded (at the
place of the cut), the animal can live.
(d) Objection: According to Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael, even an
animal that can live can be Tereifah!
(e) Answer #2: Rather, Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael holds like R.
Shimon ben Elazar, who says that this is not an (injury
that makes an animal a) Tereifah.
(f) Question #2: ('Shin' of BaShGaR) - an animal whose
*Sh*idra (spine) is lacking is Tereifah!
1. (Mishnah - Beis Shamai): A spine missing two
vertebrae is incomplete (it does not have Tum'as
(g) Answer: Our Mishnah lists punctures in the Masas and Beis
ha'Kosos separately - Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael counts them
as one (so when we add an incomplete spine, his count
2. Beis Hillel say, even if one is missing it is
3. (Rav Yehudah): The same amount missing makes an
(h) Question #3: (Gimel) - *G*ludah (an animal missing all
its skin) is Tereifah.
(i) Answer: Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael holds like R. Meir, who
says that this is not a Tereifah.
(j) Question #4: (Reish) - Cha*R*usah (an animal whose lungs
dried up) is Tereifah.
(k) Answer: Our Tana listed a punctured gall bladder, he
holds like R. Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah - Tana d'Vei R.
Yishmael holds that this is Kosher (and counts Charusah
in place of it).
(l) Question #5: There are the seven Amora'ic teachings of
1. (Rav Masnah): A dislocated hip is Tereifah.
(m) Answer #1: The Mishnah listed eight cases of punctures -
Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael counts them as one, so with these
seven teachings, his total is 18.
2. (Rachish bar Papa): An afflicted kidney is Tereifah.
3. (Rav Avira): Even though a Mishnah teaches that a
missing spleen is Kosher, a punctured spleen is
4. (Rabah bar bar Chanah): If the Kaneh and Veshet were
uprooted (Rashi; Tosfos - separated), it is
5. (Rabah bar bar Shilo): The following are Tereifos:
i. A rib was uprooted from the spine;
ii. Or, most of the skull was Nichbesah (bruised or
iii. Or, most of the flesh covering the majority of
the Keres (the part not covered by the ribs)
1. Question #1: If so, also the two cases of cuts in
the Mishnah should count only as one (and his total
will be 17)!
(n) Answer: Earlier, we said that Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael is
Machshir an animal with cut legs and Gludah - really, he
agrees that these two are Tereifos.
2. Question #2: Rav Avira's case should not add to the
count, for his case is also a puncture!