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Previous daf Chulin 104
CHULIN 104-105 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor.
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We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach and the
marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER*
important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Gemara, Rashi
 Rashi 104b DH Bishlama:
The words "Chalas Chutz la'Aretz *la'Aretz*"
should be "Chalas Chutz la'Aretz *ba'Aretz*" (RASHASH)
1) [line 1] HA'NODER MIN HA'BASAR (NEDARIM)
(a) The Torah empowers a person to create a prohibition or obligation upon
himself through the means of his speech, as the verse states, "If a man
makes a "Neder" (vow) to Hashem, or swears a "Shevu'ah" (oath) to create a
prohibition upon himself, he may not violate his word. As he spoke, he shall
do" (Bamidbar 30:3). By pronouncing a Shevu'ah one can either prohibit an
act that was formerly permitted, or make obligatory an act that was formerly
voluntary. By pronouncing a Neder, in contrast, one can only prohibit and
not obligate, with the exception of Nidrei Hekdesh (vows to consecrate a
sacrifice) which can also obligate a person (to bring the sacrifice he
vowed). (For a further discussion of the differences between Nedarim and
Shevu'os, see Background to Shevuos 22:1; regarding Nidrei Hekdesh, see
Background ibid. 22:5.)
(b) One who violates a Neder transgresses a Mitzvas Aseh (Bamidbar ibid.,
Devarim 23:24) and a Mitzvas Lo Sa'aseh (Bamidbar ibid.) and is punished
with Malkus (lashes) (RAMBAM Hilchos Nedarim 1:4-5).
2) [line 6] KOL MILEI D'MIMLICH ALEI SHALI'ACH - any item for which a
messenger returns to the person who sent him, to clarify if that item
belongs to the general category of items for which he was sent
3) [line 8] DELU'IN - gourds
4) [line 12] KITNIS - legumes
5) [line 14] REBBI HI, V'NASIV LAH ALIBA D'TANAI - it (the Mishnah) is the
opinion of Rebbi, which he quoted according to the opinions of [two] Tana'im
6) [last line] CHALAS CHUTZ LA'ARETZ - "Chalah" separated from dough in
(a) With regard to the Mitzvah of Chalah, the verses state, "... b'Vo'achem
El ha'Aretz... Reishis Arisoseichem Chalah Tarimu Serumah..." - "[Speak to
the people of Yisrael, and say to them,] 'When you come into the land [where
I bring you, when you eat of the bread of the land, you shall separate a
Terumah (tribute) to HaSh-m.] You shall separate the first of your dough for
a Terumah; [as you do with the Terumah separated from the grain of the
threshing floor, so, too, shall you present this [to the Kohanim.]"
(b) Whenever a person kneads a large amount of dough made from one of the
five species of grain (wheat, barley, oats, rye or spelt), he must separate
a small portion to be given to the Kohen before eating from the dough. This
portion is called Chalah. (The requirement to separate Chalah with a
Berachah only applies to dough made from the volume of 43.2 Beitzim of flour
(about 10 1/2 cups or 2.48 liters). Approximately half of that amount
requires Chalah to be separated without a Berachah.) A baker must separate
1/48 of his dough as Chalah, while a normal homeowner must separate 1/24. If
a person did not separate Chalah from the dough before it was baked, it must
be separated after it is baked before the baked products can be eaten.
Before Chalah is separated, the dough is called "Tavul l'Chalah," and anyone
who eats it b'Mezid (intentionally) is liable to the punishments of Malkus
and Misah b'Yedei Shamayim (Makos 13a).
(c) Chalah has the Halachos of Terumah, and it must be eaten by Kohanim,
their wives and children, while they are Tehorim. A non-Kohen who eats
Chalah b'Mezid is liable to Malkus and Misah b'Yedei Shamayim (RAMBAM
Hilchos Bikurim 5:14 and Hilchos Terumah 6:6).
(d) Since the verse states, "Reishis *Arisoseichem* Chalah Tarimu Serumah,"
this teaches that Chalah must be separated only from *dough*, but not from
*flour*. If it was separated from flour, it does not have the status of
Chalah. All of the Halachos mentioned above apply to Chalah separated in
Eretz Yisrael. Chalah separated in Chutz la'Aretz is mid'Rabanan and does
not have these stringencies.
(e) The Gemara quotes the Mishnah in Chalah (4:8) that teaches that Chalah
separated from dough in Chutz la'Aretz may be given to "any Kohen." RASHI
(DH l'Chol) explains that this means that it may be given even to a Kohen
who does not observe the Mitzvos of Hashem. TOSFOS (DH v'Nitenes) explains
that when no other Kohanim are available, it may be given even to a Kohen
who might eat it while he is Tamei.
7) [line 1] ZAR - (lit. a stranger) a non-Kohen
8) [line 10] B'ILFAS ROSHE'ACH - into a hot serving tray (heated by the hot
food that was placed there)
9) [line 12] B'ILFAS RISHON - into a hot frying pan [that was placed upon
10) [line 30] AGRA - the name of a Torah sage
11) [line 31] BA'AFIKOREN - without restraint, as the Gemara will
12) [line 32] NETILAS YADAYIM - cleansing of the hands (as opposed to ritual
13) [line 33] KINU'ACH HA'PEH - wiping of the mouth (by chewing food)
14) [line 39] AVAL BI'YEMAMA, HA CHAZINAH - but in the day, I am able to
distinguish [between the cheese and the meat]
15) [last line] MEDI'ACH - he rinses [his mouth]