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Chulin 57

CHULIN 56 - The material produced for this Daf has been dedicated in loving memory of Moshe Simcha ben David Z"L Rubner (Yahrzeit: 23 Adar II) by his parents, David and Zahava Rubner of Petach Tikva, Israel.

1) [line 1] ACHUZAS EINAYIM - optical deception (he did not actually kill the man's son; he caused the man to react so that he would retract his intestines)

2) [line 1] INGAD V'ISNACH - he became faint and sighed
3) [line 1] OL L'MA'AYANEI - he retracted his intestines
4) [line 2] V'CHAITEI L'KEREISEI - and he (the Nochri) stitched up his abdomen

5) [line 3] TZANA - a basket
6) [line 3] INKUREI - (a) birds with bites or wounds on their legs (RASHI, 1st explanation); (b) black birds with white spots (O.F. pointure - spots) on their heads (RASHI, 2nd explanation, citing the Ga'onim)

7) [line 4] TZOMES HA'GIDIN - the "meeting points of the sinews (or tendons)," tendons that attach the muscles of the middle of the leg to the bones of the lower leg; the exact location is discussed in the Gemara Daf 76a (see Background to Chulin 42:32 for a short description of the hind legs of Kosher animals); an alternate translation of the word "Tzomes" (brought by RASHI DH Tzomes) is "the place where the sinews connect, tighten and *contract*" (O.F.estreint)

8a) [line 5] SHEMUTAS YAD - a dislocated shoulder
b) [line 6] SHEMUTAS YERECH - a dislocated thigh
c) [line 7] SHEMUTAS GAF - a dislocated wing

9) [line 16] EIN LO, LO LI'NAFEL V'LO LICHAMER - that is, the lung is not one of the organs that need to be checked for Tereifos when the animals falls off a roof or when it falls into a fire

10) [line 21] BERIBI - Chizkiyah, one of the greatest sages of his generation ("Beribi" is a descriptive title such as "the Great," used to refer to a sage)

11) [line 26] NAHARA NAHARA UFASHTEI - each river has its tributaries (i.e. each place has its own customs, and therefore Rav did not rule that a Shemutas Yerech was Kesheirah in Pumbedisa)

12) [line 39] KI SALIK REBBI ABA - when Rebbi Aba "went up" to Eretz Yisrael; he and Rebbi Zeira were Amora'im who moved from Bavel to Eretz Yisrael


13) [liine 19] CHAVRAVASA - the scholars of the Beis ha'Midrash
14) [line 19] LO PARKIS - he would not have made a move (i.e. he would not have even hinted that he disagreed with the Halachah being quoted)

15) [line 22] MALCHAH REBBI CHANINA - Rebbi Chanina salted it, to preserve it
16) [line 26] KEDIRAS KANEH - a hole in the trachea
17) [line 28] ISAR HA'ITALKI - the Roman coin known as an "'As," which is the equivalent of 1/24 of a Dinar (see Background to Bava Basra 165:24, "Currency")

18) [line 29] KRUMIN SHEL KANAH - the skin-like, scaly envelope of reed
19) [line 32] SHEFOFERET SHEL KANAH - a tube of a reed
20) [line 34] ASKAN B'DEVARIM - a person who performs experiments to gather empirical evidence (see also MIDRASH RABAH Vayikra 22:4)

21a) [line 34] V'HAYAH OSEH DAVAR LEHOTZI MI'LIBO SHEL REBBI YEHUDAH - and he performed an action to try to get Rebbi Yehudah to change (lit. to extract from Rebbi Yehudah's heart) his ruling with regard to Nitlah ha'Notzah, Pesulah (see next entry)
b) [line 35] NITLAH HA'NOTZAH, PESULAH - a chicken that loses its downy feathers is a Tereifah (Mishnah Chulin 56b)

22) [line 37] MATLIS SHEL TARSIYIM - a leather apron of coppersmiths, that constantly retains heat (RASHI, ARUCH; see TOSFOS DH Matlis)

23) [line 39] MAI ASKAN B'DEVARIM? - Why [was he originally called] an Askan b'Devarim (see above, entry #20)?

24) [line 39] "LECH EL NEMALAH, ATZEL, RE'EH DERACHEHA VA'CHACHOM. ASHER EIN LAH KATZIN, SHOTER U'MOSHEL. TACHIN BA'KAYITZ LACHMAH, [AGRAH VA'KATZIR MA'ACHALAH.]" - "Go to an ant, you lazy person, see its ways, and grow wise. For it has no official, taskmaster or ruler. It prepares its provisions in the summer, [gathers its food in the harvest time.]" (Mishlei 6:6-8)

25) [line 42] SHUMSHEMANEI - ants

26) [line 42] ASNACH BEI SIMANA - he laid upon it a sign (such as a sprinkling of flour) [to be able to recognize it later]

27) [line 43] AL, AMAR LEHU "NAFAL TULA" - it went in (back into the ant's nest) and said to them, "It is shady outside" (lit. "The shade has descended")

28) [line 43] NAFKU V'ASU - they (all of the other ants) came out
29) [line 43] DALYEI L'GELIMEI - he (Rebbi Shimon ben Chalafta) took his cloak away
30) [line 43] NAFAL SHIMSHA - [as a result,] the sun fell (shone) upon them
31) [line 43] NAFLU ALEI V'KATLEI - they fell upon him (the first scout) and killed him

32) [line 44] HARMANA D'MALKA LO LI'BA'U? - Would they not have had to ask for permission from the king [to kill that ant]?

33) [line 47] SEMOCH A'HEIMNUSA D'SHLOMO - rely on King Shlomo's trustworthiness (and there is, in fact, no evidence from Rebbi Shimon's experiment)

34) [line 49] MISNAVNAH V'HOLECHES - [if] it deteriorates with time
35) [line 53] CHIDUK SHEL KERUYAH - a slice of a the shell of a gourd
36) [last line] BE'EI D'TEREIFAH - the eggs of a chicken that was a Tereifah

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