(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Chagigah 25

CHAGIGAH 23, 24, 25 - have been sponsored by a grant from a benevolent foundation based in Yerushalayim, that is dedicated to spreading awareness of Torah and Judaism.


(a) We learned in our Mishnah that in Yehudah during the pressing season, the Amei ha'Aretz were believed that their Hekdesh wine and oil was Tahor. Why specifically in Yehudah, and not the rest of Eretz Yisrael?

(b) Why can one not transport the wine or the oil in a box?

(c) So let him transport it in a sealed earthenware barrel?

(d) What would Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah say?

(a) If Hekdesh is not saved from Tum'ah in a sealed earthenware barrel, then why does the Mishnah in Parah say 'Ein *(Mei) Chatas* Nitzeles be'Tzamid Pasil' (if not to imply that Kodesh *is*)?

(b) If, as we have just learned, there is a strip of Eretz ha'Amim dividing between Yehudah and the Galil, how could Ula say that the Chaveirim would prepare Nesachim be'Taharah, in case the Beis Hamikdash was rebuilt in their days, seeing as they could not bring them anyway (see Rabeinu Chananel and Rashi in Nidah 6b. DH 'Chavraya')?

(a) What instructions does the Tana in Taharos give to an Am ha'Aretz who has finished picking his olives and wants to give Terumah?

(b) But did we not just learn that he is believed anyway during the pressing season?

(c) What did Rav Nachman tell Rav Ada bar Ahavah when he asked for an example of this?

(a) In an attempt to answer the previous Kashya, Rav Yosef established the Mishnah in Taharos (which does not believe the Am ha'Aretz - even during the pressing season) in the Galil, whilst our Mishnah is confined to Yehudah. Abaye proves him wrong from a Beraisa.
What does the Beraisa say about Eiver ha'Yardein and the Galil?

(b) When is the Am ha'Aretz not believed even during the wine-pressing or the olive-pressing season?

Answers to questions



(a) If two brothers, a Chaver and an Am ha'Aretz, both inherit their father, the Chaver is permitted to make an agreement that his brother receives the wheat and the wine which are *not* Huchshar le'Kabeil Tum'ah, whilst he receives the wheat and the wine that *are*.
Why is this permitted?

(b) Why, on the other hand, may he not enter into an agreement whereby his brother takes one kind that is *not* Huchshar le'Kabeil Tum'ah, whilst he receives the kind that *is*?

(c) In the latter case, assuming that they are Kohanim, what must the Chaver do with ...

  1. ... any oil (the liquid referred to by the Mishnah) that he received in his inheritance?
  2. ... food?
(a) Why can he not leave the liquid for the next pressing-season, when it will become permitted? How do we amend the interpretation of 'liquid' mentioned in the Mishnah in D'mai, to refute Rav Sheishes' proof that someone who transgressed and accepted wine or oil after the termination of the pressing-season is forbidden to leave it until next year's pressing-season?

(b) How will we now interpret 'Soref ha'Lach'?

(c) Then why can he not leave it for the following Yom-Tov, when Tum'as Am ha'Aretz will not apply?

(a) Beis Hillel and Beis Shamai (in a Mishnah in Ohalos) agree that one examines a Beis ha'P'ras (a field in which a grave was dug up) for those who are going to bring their Korban Pesach, but not for Kohanim who are going to eat Terumah.
Why is that?

(b) According to Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel 'examines' means that one blows one way through the field.
Why are we not concerned that he may walk over the small bones?

(c) How does Rebbi Chiya bar Aba in the Name of Ula explain the word 'examines'?

(d) According to Rabah bar Ula, even a Kohen who examined the field on his way to bring his Korban Pesach cannot rely on that to eat Terumah.
Based on our Mishnah, that old man told Rabah bar Ula not to argue with Ula. What proof did he bring from our Mishnah to prove Ula right?

8) Why did Chazal say 'mi'de'Meheiman a'Kodesh, Meheiman a'Terumah'?


(a) The Beraisa says 'Ein Ne'emanim Lo al ha'Kankanim ve'Lo al ha'Terumah'. What problem do we have with establishing the first half of this statement?

(b) In fact, we conclude, there are two possible ways of establishing the Beraisa, either by barrels of Hekdesh or by barrels of Terumah.
What are they?

(c) What does it mean, not to be believed? What are the ramifications of this by barrels of ...

  1. ... Hekdesh?
  2. ... Terumah?
(a) In light of what we just learned (that the Am ha'Aretz is not believed on his barrels), how will we explain our Mishnah, which says 'Kadei Yayin ve'Kadei Shemen he'Meduma'os Ne'emanim Aleihen ... '? What does 'ha'Meduma'os mean?

(b) Since when is there such a thing as Dimu'a by Hekdesh?

(c) Why did Chazal believe the Am ha'Aretz in this case more than in the case of barrels of Terumah?

11) We learned in our Mishnah that the Am ha'Aretz is believed on the barrels of wine (in the previous case) already seventy days before the pressing season. What obligation does this place on the tenant-farmer?


(a) How far is Modi'in from Yerushalayim?

(b) Why were Chazal lenient with regard to believing the potters on their small vessels in the Yerushalayim area?

(c) What is the Din in this regard if the potter is ...

  1. ... from Modi'in and within?
  2. ... from Modi'in and without?
(d) What does our Mishnah mean when it says regarding the former case 'Hu ha'Kadar, ve'Hein ha'Kedeiros ve'Hein ha'Lekuchin Ne'emanim'?
Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,