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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Chagigah 20

CHAGIGAH 19 & 20 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.


(a) According to Rebbi Yonasan ben Elazar, if someone's shawl fell off, and he asked his friend to hand him to him, the shawl remains Tamei.
Why is that?

(b) What does Rebbi Yonasan ben Amram say about someone who meant to take his weekday clothes, and then discovered that they were his Shabbos clothes? Why do we initially believe this to be so?

(c) What episode did Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok relate with regard to two women who were both 'Chaveiros' (who were particular about Tum'ah)? What did Rebbi Akiva rule?

(a) What will be the Din if a Tahor person ...
  1. ... stretched his hand into a basket to take out wheat-bread and he took out barley-bread instead, is it Tahor or Tamei?
  2. ... was guarding a barrel, thinking it contained wine and it really contained oil? Is it Tahor or Tamei?
(b) This Beraisa creates a problem with the rulings of Rebbi Yonasan ben Elazar, Rebbi Yonasan ben Amram and Rebbi Akiva (all of whom seem to be strict under similar circumstances).
How does Rebbi Yirmiyah explain the Seifa of the Beraisa, which reads 'va'Asurah mi'le'Echol'?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about someone who is carrying a basket of figs on his shoulder in which there is also a shovel (used for cutting up the figs when they stick together), and the man carrying it placed his hand inside the basket, having in mind to guard the basket from Tum'ah but not the shovel. Are the basket and the shovel considered Tamei or Tahor?

(b) Why does the shovel not transmit Tum'ah ...

  1. ... to the basket?
  2. ... to the contents of the basket?
(c) To what else might this distinction pertain besides the shovel?

(d) What have we proved from this Beraisa?

(a) The first woman who came before Rebbi Yishmael explained how she had woven the garment be'Taharah, though she had not guarded it be'Taharah. What did this transpire to mean after Rebbi Yishmael had questioned her carefully, that resulted in Rebbi Yishmael declaring the garment Tamei?

(b) What transpired with regard to the second woman, who had woven a cloth be'Taharah (even though she was a Nidah), that resulted in Rebbi Yishmael declaring the cloth Tamei?

(c) In the first incident, what did the woman then mean when she claimed that she had woven the garment be'Taharah?

(a) In the second episode, seeing as the woman was a Nidah, how could she claim to have woven the cloth be'Taharah?

(b) Why did Rebbi Yishmael then declare the cloth to be Tamei?

(c) Why can the reason not have been because she was an Am ha'Aretz, whose spittle (even when she is not a Nidah) renders Tamei like that of a Zav?

(d) What now emerges from this Beraisa, leaving us with a Kashya on all the statements above in 1. (of Rebbi Yonasan ben Elazar, Rebbi Yonasan ben Amram and Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok)?

(a) How do we resolve the problem with ....
1. ... Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok with ease, by distinguishing between his case (of two women who took each other's garment) and the case of the basket and of the barrel, both of which remain Tahor as well as the two cases of Rebbi Yishmael, as we just explained? Which type of P'sul rendered each woman's garment Tamei in his case?
2. ... Rebbi Yonasan ben Amram with ease, by distinguishing between his case (of a person taking his Shabbos clothes instead of his weekday ones) and the other cases? Why did he rule that the clothes were Tamei any more than in those two cases?
3. ... the stringent ruling of Rebbi Yonoson ben Elazar (who speaks about one person handing the other his shawl) with the lenient ruling of other cases? On what did he base his stringent ruling?
(b) The Beraisa states that if someone's ass-drivers or workers were carrying Taharos, those Taharos remain Tahor even though he moved away from them as far as a Mil.
How are the Taharos being transported? On what grounds do the Taharos therefore remain Tahor?

(c) How does this Beraisa appear to clash with Rebbi Yonasan ben Elazar (the way we just explained him)?

Answers to questions



(a) What will be the Din if, in the previous case, the owner instructs his ass-drivers and his workers to keep going, and he will follow them later?

(b) To answer the discrepancy between this Beraisa and Rebbi Yonasan ben Elazar, we assume that really, a person does *not* guard what is in his friend's domain (like Rebbi Yonasan ben Elazar).
How does Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha explain why, nevertheless, in the Reisha of the Beraisa, the Taharos are Tahor?

(c) If the workers Toveled, then why in the Seifa, are the Taharos Tamei?

(d) Seeing as the workers do not care about their friends touching the Taharos, why are the Taharos then Tahor in the Reisha? What ultimately, is the difference between the Reisha and the Seifa?

***** Hadran Alach 'Ein Dorshin' *****

***** Perek Chomer ba'Kodesh *****


(a) May one Tovel two Tamei vessels one inside the other, to use for ...
  1. ... Terumah?
  2. ... Kodesh?
(b) What is the significance of the statement 'Achorayim, ve'Toch u'Veis ha'Tzevitah'? What is 'Beis ha'Tzevitah'?

(c) Does it make any difference as to which kind of Tum'ah affected the vessel?

(d) Will this Din apply to Kodesh as well?

(a) Someone who is carrying a Medras ha'Zav (such as his shoes) may carry Terumah at the same time, but not Kodesh.
What does the Tana mean by 'carry Terumah'? How is he transporting it?

(b) When Toveling a garment to use with Kodesh, one is first obligated to untie any knots and make sure that the garment is dry, before Toveling it and re-tying it.
What would one be permitted to do in the corresponding case if one Toveled a garment to use for Terumah?

(c) Terumah vessels that are completed be'Taharah do not require Tevilah. Kodesh vessels do.
What does 'completed be'Taharah' mean?

(a) 'ha'K'li Metzaref Mah she'be'Tocho le'Kodesh ... '.
What is 'Tziruf K'li'?

(b) 've'Lo li'Terumah'.
What is the Din by Terumah?

(c) 'ha'Revi'i ba'Kodesh Pasul'.
What is the corresponding Din by Terumah?

(d) What is the Din if one hand of a Kohen who wants to eat ...

  1. ... Terumah becomes Tamei through a Tum'ah d'Oraysa? What must he do in order to become Tahor?
  2. ... Terumah became Tamei through a Tum'ah de'Rabbanan?
  3. ... Kodshim becomes Tamei through a Tum'ah de'Rabbanan?
(a) 'A Kohen who has Tamei hands is permitted to eat dry fruit of Terumah'. What does the Tana mean by ...
  1. ... Tamei hands? What sort of Tum'ah is he talking about?
  2. ... dry fruit?
(b) May one eat Kodesh in the same circumstances?

(c) An Onen and a Mechusar Kipurim require Tevilah to eat Kodesh, but not to eat Terumah.
Under what condition does Tevilah permit ...

  1. ... an Onen to eat Kodesh?
  2. ... a Mechusar Kipurim to eat Kodesh?
Answers to questions

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