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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Chagigah 13


(a) What does Rav Acha bar Ya'akov learn from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "u'D'mus al Roshei ha'Chayah Raki'a"?

(b) What does that heaven comprise?

(c) What does all this have to do with the Pasuk in Ben Sira "be'Mufla Mimcha Al Tidrosh ... "?

(a) What is the connection between Nevuchadnetzar and Nimrod?

(b) Rebbi Yochanan ben Zakai says in a Beraisa that, when Nevuchadnetzar ha'Rasha said "A'aleh al Bamasei Av, Adameh la'Elyon", Hashem replied with the Pasuk in Tehilim "Yemei Shenoseinu Bahem Shiv'im Shanah ... ".
What is the significance of that Pasuk here?

(c) What is the distance between the earth to the first heaven, and between one heaven and the next?

(d) Is that the same distance as from the feet of the Chayos till Hashem's Throne?

(a) Rebbi Zeira says that when Rebbi Chiya quoting a Beraisa, permitted teaching the 'beginning of chapters' (of the Merkavah) to individuals, he meant either to the Av Beis-Din or to someone who is constantly worried about sinning.
What do others say?

(b) Rebbi Ami restricts teaching the secrets of Torah to anyone who does not possess five qualities (the first two: an officer of fifty and favored by all - these and the other three will be discussed later).
Which three things comprise the secrets of Torah?

(c) What does Rebbi Ami learn from the Pasuk "Lo Asah Chein le'Chol Goy u'Mishpatim Bal Yeda'um ... "?

(a) Rebbi Elazar declined to learn the Ma'aseh Merkavah from his Rebbe Rebbi Yochanan, because he considered himself too young (less than fifty - Rabeinu Chananel, though the age of forty is normally cited).
On what grounds did he decline to learn it from Rebbi Asi after Rebbi Yochanan's death?

(b) What deal did Rav Yosef strike with the elders of Pumbedisa?

(c) In what connection did he later quote the Pasuk in Shir ha'Shirim "D'vash ve'Chalav Tachas Leshonech"?

(a) What did Rav Yosef reply when the elders of Pumbedisa told him that they had already learned the last two Pesukim in the first chapter of Yechezkel: "va'Eire Ke'ein Chashmal ... " and "ke'Mar'eh ha'Keshes"?

(b) How do we reconcile Rav Yosef's statement with the Beraisa, where Rebbi defines Ma'aseh Merkavah as until (but excluding) "va'Eira" ... according to ...

  1. ... the first Lashon (which differentiates between teaching completely and teaching only the 'beginnings of chapters'?
  2. ... the second Lashon, which is more stringent?
(c) Why did fire go out from the Chashmal and consume that child who was teaching the Chashmal?
(a) According to Rav Yehudah, Chazal wanted to hide the Book of Yechezkel because of apparent discrepancies that clashed with the Torah.
What did Chananyah ben Chizkiyah do in this connection, that earned him high praise from the Chachamim?

(b) According to the Beraisa, they wanted to hide Yechezkel because of the child that died on his account, as we just learned.
On what grounds did Chananyah ben Chizkiyah argue (successfully) against this happening?

Answers to questions



(a) According to Rav Yehudah, Chashmal is the acronym of 'Chayos Eish Memalelos'.
What does the Beraisa say?

(b) The Pasuk in Yechezkel reads "ve'ha'Chayos Ratzo va'Shov ke'Mar'eh ha'Bazak".
How does ...

  1. ... Rav Yehudah describe "ve'ha'Chayos Ratzo va'Shov"?
  2. ... Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina describe "ke'Mar'eh ha'Bazak"?
(c) Yechezkel saw a storm-wind accompanying the Chashmal, which was coming in from the north.
Where was it coming from? What had it just achieved and why?

(d) What cause of complaint did Hashem now have against Yisrael?

(a) The name of a particular Ofan that Yechezkel saw was Sandalfon, whose function it was to tie crowns for his Creator.
Where was he standing, and tall was he?

(b) According to the Beraisa, when he tied the crowns, he was standing behind Hashem's Throne.
Why is this not possible?

(c) Then how were the crowns placed on Hashem's Head?

(d) If, as Rava maintains, Yeshayah saw everything that Yechezkel saw, why was *Yechezkel* the one to describe Ma'aseh ha'Merkavah in awe, and not *he*?

(a) How does Resh Lakish explain the Pasuk in Beshalach "Shiru la'Hashem Ki *Ga'oh Ga'ah*"?

(b) There are four Chayos that support Hashem's Throne.
What are they?

(c) Why, in a later chapter, does Yechezkel replace the face of an ox with that of a k'ruv (cherub)? Is that not the same as the Chayah with the face of an Adam? What did he then say to Hashem?

(d) What is the real meaning of 'K'ruv' in this context?

(a) How do we reconcile the Pasuk in Yeshayah ascribing *six* wings to each Chayah, with the Pasuk in Yechezkel, which mentions about *four*?

(b) According to Rav Chananel Amar Rav, it was the wings with which they sang Shirah that were covered, and he learns it from the juxtaposition of the two Pesukim "u'vi'Sh'tayim Ye'ofef ... ve'Kara Zeh el Zeh ve'Amar". How does the Pasuk in Mishlei "Hasa'if Einecha Bo ve'Einenu" complete the picture?

(c) The Rabbanan disagree with Rav Chananel Amar Rav.
What do they learn from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "ve'Ragleihem Regel Yesharah"?

(d) How do the Rabbanan know that Yechezkel did not simply see this when the Chayos momentarily uncovered their legs as they sang Shirah (by rapidly moving their wings), just like he saw their faces when they momentarily uncovered *them*?

(a) How do we initially reconcile the Pasuk in Daniel, which speaks of "the million angels that serve Him and the hundred million that stand before Him, with the Pasuk in Iyov "ha'Yesh Mispar li'G'dudav"?

(b) According to Rebbi in a Beraisa, both Pesukim refer to the same era. How is that possible?

(c) In our first answer, it was all a matter of time; in the third answer (given by Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba), it was all a matter of location.
How does he explain the Pasuk in Daniel?

(d) What is the source of the 'Nahar di'Yenur', and where does it end?

(a) According to Rav Achah bar Ya'akov, explaining the Pasuk in Iyov "Asher Komtu ve'Lo Eis, Nahar Yutzak Yesodam", the Nahar di'Yenur pours on to the 974 generations in Gehinom.
When should they have been created? What is the significance of the 974?

(b) Why did Hashem change His mind? Why were they not created then?

(c) When *were* they created (see last Agados Maharsha last DH on 13b. and first DH on 14a.)?

(d) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak interprets "Asher Komtu ve'Lo Eis, Nahar Yutzak Yesodam" in Iyov differently. According to him, the Pasuk speaks about Talmidei-Chachamim.
What will happen to Talmidei Chachamim who scrimp on their material needs in this world for the sake of their Torah-studies?

Answers to questions

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