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Chagigah 12

CHAGIGAH 12 - has been generously dedicated by Lee and Marsha Weinblatt of Teaneck, N.J.


(a) How do we reconcile Rebbi Elazar, who we just saw, learns from a Pasuk that Adam ha'Rishon was as tall as from the earth till the heaven, with Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, who learns from another Pasuk that Adam was as tall as from one end of the heaven to the other?

(b) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav lists ten things that were created on the first day of the creation. Hashem created heaven and earth, Tohu and Vohu, light and darkness.
What are the remaining four?

(c) 'Tohu' was a green line that encircled the earth, and 'Vohu', the wet stones that were sunk into the bowels of the earth.
What was created from ...

  1. ... 'Kav Tohu'?
  2. ... 'Avnei Vohu'?
(a) We reconcile Rav Yehudah's statement (that light was created on the *first* day) with the Pasuk, which explicitly states that the luminaries were created on the *fourth*, with Rebbi Elazar's statement.
What does Rebbi Elazar say? How does he interpret the Pasuk in Bereishis "va'Yar Elokim es ha'Or Ki *Tov*"?

(b) Rebbi Elazar concurs with Rebbi Ya'akov in the Beraisa.
How do the Rabbanan of Rebbi Ya'akov reconcile the Pasuk which says that light was created on the *first* day, with the Pasuk which says that the luminaries were created on the *fourth*?

(c) Hashem created the world with ten forces (which presumably match the ten creations mentioned above. In any case, they certainly correspond to the ten Sefiros, and also correspond to what Chazal had in mind when they said that the world was created with ten commands - see Agados Maharsha). The ten forces are: Chochmah, Tevunah and Da'as, Ko'ach, Ga'arah (scolding) and Gevurah.
What are the remaining four?

(a) In which connection did Hashem put the Midah of Ga'arah to good use at the creation of the world.
What has that to do with the Pasuk in va'Yishlach "Ani Keil *Shakai*, P'rei u'Revei"?

(b) Another occasion is hinted in the Pasuk in Nachum "*Go'er* ba'Yam va'Yavsheihu, ve'Chol ha'Naharos Hechriv".
Which occasion?

(a) Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue over whether the heaven was created first and then the earth, or vice-versa.
What do ...
  1. ... Beis Shamai prove from the Pasuk in Bereishis "Bereishis Bara Elokim ... "?
  2. ... Beis Hillel prove from the Pasuk in Bereishis "be'Yom Asos Hashem Elokim ... "?
(b) What do ...
  1. ... Beis Hillel ask Beis Shamai from the Pasuk in Amos "ha'Boneh ba'Shamayim Ma'alosav, va'Agudaso al Eretz Yesadah"?
  2. ... Beis Shamai retort from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Koh Amar Hashem, ha'Shamayim Kis'i, ve'ha'Aretz Hadom Raglai"?
(c) The Chachamim are of a third opinion.
What do they maintain, based on the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Af Yadi Yasdah Aretz vi'Yemini Tipchah Shamayim, Korei Ani Aleihem *Ya'amdu Yachdav*"?

(d) How do Beis Hillel and Beis Shamai interpret "Ya'amdu Yachdav"?

(a) In any case, the Pesukim quoted by Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel appear to contradict each other, because, the Heaven and the earth cannot both have been created first.
How does Resh Lakish resolve this apparent discrepancy?

(b) "Shamayim" is an acronym. According to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina it stands for 'Sham Mayim'.
What does the Tana of the Beraisa say?

(c) How did Rebbi Akiva in the name of Nachum Ish Gamzu explain the word "es" in the first Pasuk in the Torah to Rebbi Yishmael? How would we have explained the Pasuk had the Torah omitted ...

  1. ... both "es ha" in "*es ha*'Shamayim ve'*es ha*'Aretz"?
  2. ... the second "es" in "ve'*es ha*'Aretz" only?
(d) Seeing as the opening Pasuk mentions the heaven first, why does the Torah go on to discuss the earthly creations first? What Mashal do we cite from Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael?
Answers to questions



(a) According to Rebbi Yossi in a Beraisa, of what significance is the sequence: earth, pillars, water, mountains, winds and storm-wind?

(b) What supports the storm-wind?

(c) The Rabbanan disagree with Rebbi Yossi.
What do they learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... "Yatzeiv Gevulos Amim le'Mispar B'nei Yisrael" (Ha'azinu - according to some)?
  2. ... "Chatzvah Amudeha Shiv'ah" (Mishlei - according to others)?
(d) Rebbi Elazar ben Shamua has a fourth opinion.
What does he learn from the Pasuk "ve'Tzadik Yesod Olam" (ibid.)?
(a) According to Rav Yehudah, there are *two* heavens. What is his source for this?

(b) According to Resh Lakish, there are *seven*: Vilon, Raki'a, Shechakim, Z'vul, Ma'on and Machon.
What is the name of the seventh?

(c) Vilon appears each morning and disappears each evening, but plays no positive role in the running of the world. The only other heaven with which we have visual contact is Raki'a.
What is its function?

(d) What role does Shechakim (whose root is 'li'Sh'chok' - to grind) play?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Melachim 1 "Banoh Banisi Beis Z'vul Lach"? What happens there?

(b) Ma'on houses many groups of angels.
What do they do there?

(c) Why are they silent by day?

(d) We learn this from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Yomam Yetzaveh Hashem Chasdo, u'va'Laylah Shiro Imi".
What else does Resh Lakish learn from that Pasuk?

(a) What does Rebbi Levi say about someone who stops learning Torah to talk idle chatter?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki Savo "Hashkifah mi'Me'on Kodshecha min ha'Shamayim"?

(a) We learn from the Pasuk in Ki Savo "Yiftach Hashem Lecha es Otzaro ha'Tov" that many things are stored in the sixth heaven 'Machon'. In fact, there are six.
What do they all have in common? What purpose do they serve?

(b) It serves as an attic for bad dew and bowls of rain-water.
Which two *store-houses* are kept there?

(c) Storm-winds are kept there too.
What kind of door shuts off the cave of thick smoke?

(d) How does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav reconcile the above with the Pasuk in Tehilim that we recite each morning "Halelu es Hashem min ha'Aretz ... Eish u'Varad, Sheleg ve'Kitor Ru'ach Se'arah Osah Devaro", implying that some of the above list are stored here on earth?

(a) Arvos, a storehouse containing numerous treasures, is the most multi-purpose of all the heavens. It contains righteousness, justice, charity and stores of life, of peace and of blessing.
what else does it contain based on the Pasuk ...
  1. ... "ve'Haysah Nefesh Adoni Tzerurah bi'Tz'ror ha'Chayim es Hashem Elokecha" (Shmuel 1)?
  2. ... "Ki Ru'ach mi'Lefanai Ya'atof, u'Neshamos Asher Asisi" (Yeshayah)?
  3. ... "Geshem Nedavos Tanif Elokim ... Ata Konantah"?
(b) The Ofanim, Serafim and Chayos ha'Kodesh all reside in Arvos.
Who else is to be found there?

(c) The Kisei ha'Kavod of the Living G-d dwells above them all.
Is that still in Arvos or above it? How many layers of cloud surround Him?

(d) We learn this from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Solu le'Rochev ba'Aravos be'Kah She'mo".
What do we learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Rochev" "Rochev" from the Pasuk in ve'Zos ha'Brachah "Rochev Shamayim be'Ezrecha"?

12) How do we reconcile the Pasuk which describes the darkness that surrounds Hashem, with the Pasuk in Daniel which specifically writes " ... Yada Mah ba'Chashochah, u'Nehora Imei Shari", implying that there is no darkness with Hashem?

Answers to questions

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