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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem


CHAGIGAH 2 - dedicated in honor of the birth of Yehonasan Copperman, by his grandparents in Yerushalayim. May Hashem grant that he grow up to be a true Yerei Shamayim and Talmid Chacham.

Please note that unless where otherwise indicated, we follow the explanation of Rashi.
Our notes and comments do not necessarily have a bearing on the practical Halachah.

***** ha'Kol Chayavin *****


(a) What constitutes the Mitzvah of Re'iyah?

(b) Does this Mitzvah pertain to ...

  1. ... women?
  2. ... slaves?
  3. ... a Tumtum and an Androginus?
(c) What is ...
  1. ... a Tumtum?
  2. ... an Androginus?
(d) Sick and old people (who cannot walk) are Patur, and so is anyone who cannot go up on foot.
From where to where must he able to walk in order to be Chayav Re'iyah?
2) Which other two groups of People does the Tana exempt from the Mitzvah of Re'iyah?


(a) Beis Shamai defines a Katan as one who is too small to ride on his father's shoulders from Yerushalayim to the Har ha'Bayis.
What do Beis Hillel say? What is their source for this?

(b) The Chiyuv to bring a child who has passed that stage is mi'de'Rabbanan. On whom did Chazal place the obligation to educate him?

(c) According to Beis Shamai, the Olas Re'iyah must be worth at least two silver Ma'ah (each one a sixth of a Dinar), and the Shalmei Chagigah, one Ma'ah.
What do Beis Hillel say?

(d) From where do we learn that someone who comes to the Beis Hamikdash on Yom-Tov, is obligated to bring ...

  1. ... an Olas Re'iyah?
  2. ... a Shalmei Chagigah?
(a) Our Mishnah began 'ha'Kol Chayavin bi'Re'iyah'. We initially contend that 'ha'Kol' comes to include someone who is a half slave and half free. How is this possible?

(b) We reject this contention because it does not conform with the opinion of Ravina.
What does Ravina say?

(c) On what grounds do we reject the contention that 'ha'Kol' comes to include someone who was lame on the *first* day, but was cured on the *second*?

(a) In the first (acceptable) answer, we conclude that 'ha'Kol' comes to include someone who is blind only in one eye, and that the author of our Mishnah is not Yochanan ben Dahavai.
What does Yochanan ben Dahavai quoting Rebbi Yehudah say? What is his source?

(b) The second answer reinstates our initial contention (that 'ha'Kol comes to include someone who is a half-slave and half-free) - even according to Ravina, who maintains that he is basically Patur from Re'iyah.
How is this possible?

(c) What did Beis Hillel hold in the Mishnah Rishonah with regard to a man who is a half- slave and half free?

(d) What argument did Beis Shamai present that convinced Beis Hillel to retract from their initial opinion?

Answers to questions



(a) What do we mean when we say 'ka'Tani Cheresh Dumya de'Shoteh ve'Katan'? What important principle are we deriving from here?

(b) Why should a deaf man who can speak be considered more normal than one who cannot?

(c) Our Mishnah (as well a Mishnah in Yevamos) hints at what is explicitly stated in a Beraisa.
What does the Beraisa say about someone who can speak but not hear or hear but not speak?

(d) What does the statement 'Tanina le'Ha de'Tanu Rabbanan' come to teach us?

7) What is the Notrikun (acronym) of 'Ileim'?

8) We just quoted a Beraisa which includes someone who is dumb (but can hear) or someone who is deaf (but can speak) in the Mitzvah of Re'iyah. However on the basis of another Beraisa which exempts them, we amend the first Beraisa. Which Mitzvah does a dumb person or someone who is deaf remain obligated to perform, according to the new text.

Answers to questions

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