ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Chagigah 7
(a) We learned in a Mishnah in Pei'ah: 'ha'Pei'ah, ve'ha'Bikurim,
ve'ha'Ra'ayon ... Ein Lahem Shiur'. Gemilus Chasadim and Talmud-Torah need
to be added to the list.
(b) This is only mi'd'Oraysa - mi'de'Rabbanan, some of them have a minimum
Shiur (Pei'ah, one sixtieth, Bikurim one sixtieth and Ra'ayon, a Ma'ah
(c) Rebbi Yochanan initially contended that Ra'ayon has a minimum Shiur min
(d) The great Rebbi Oshaya corrected Rebbi Yochanan, when he taught that
Ra'ayon has no Shiur at all min ha'Torah (neither maximum nor minimum), only
(a) According to Resh Lakish, Ra'ayon means appearing in the Azarah with a
Korban - according to Rebbi Yochanan, it means just appearing in the Azarah.
The reason that he learns like that is because he Tana says 'Ra'ayon' and
not 'Re'iyah' (which would definitely refer to the Korban).
(b) Rebbi Yochanan agrees with Resh Lakish - on the first day, when one is
definitely obligated to appear in the Azarah with a Korban.
(c) According to Rebbi Yochanan - one is permitted to bring an Olas Re'iyah
on the subsequent days of Yom-Tov, if he so wishes.
(d) He argues with Resh Lakish regarding whether he is obligated to bring an
Olas Re'iyah when he appears in the Azarah on subsequent days of Yom-Tov: He
maintains that he is not, whereas Resh Lakish maintains that he is.
(a) Rebbi Yochanan establishes the Pasuk in Mishpatim "ve'Lo Yeira'u Panai
Reikam" - exclusively by the first day.
(b) The Tana of the Beraisa knows that the above Pasuk refers to animals and
not to birds and flour-offerings - from Chagigah which has to be an animal,
seeing as the Torah writes "ve'Lo Yalin *Cheilev* Chagi ad Boker" (and a
bird has no Cheilev); and logically, the Re'iyah for Hashem should be
similar to the Chagigah for the owner.
(c) And he knows that it is referring to Olos and not Shelamim - because,
just as the Chagigah goes to the owner, so too, should the Re'iyah go to
(d) This is the correct thing to do - because it would not be right for the
table of the owner to be full, and that of his Master to be empty.
(a) The Tana of another Beraisa Darshens from "Yeira'eh" "Yir'eh" - that,
just as Hashem sees *us* free of charge, so too, does He expect us to be
seen free of charge (from which we see that it is not obligatory to appear
before Hashem each time with a Korban).
(b) We now retract from our original interpretation of the Machlokes. In
fact, even Resh Lakish agrees that someone who comes without an Olas Re'iyah
still performs a Mitzvah. Their Machlokes is whether one is even permitted
to bring an Olas Re'iyah on the subsequent days of Yom-Tov - Rebbi Yochanan
holds that Re'iyas Panim has no Shiur, but the Korban Re'iyah does (i.e.
only on the first day); whereas according to Resh Lakish, the Korban Re'iyah
has no Shiur either.
(c) Resh Lakish explains the Pasuk in Mishlei "Hokar Raglecha mi'Beis
Rei'echa" (which seems to suggest that one should rather bring less Korbanos
than more) like Levi - who establishes this Pasuk by a Chatas and an Asham
(in other words, it is better not to sin and not to have to come to the Beis
ha'Mikdash in order to bring one's sin-offering; whereas the Pasuk "Avo
Beisecha be'Olos" - refers to Olos and Shelamim (which are gifts for
(d) The Beraisa, which encourages us to come to the Beis ha'Mikdash with
Olos - clearly supports Resh Lakish.
(a) Rav Yosef initially explains the Beraisa, which says 've'Ein Nir'in
la'Chatza'in' to mean that someone who has for example, ten sons, should not
bring five of them to the Azarah on one day of Yom-Tov, and the other five
on another day - Abaye objects to this on the grounds that that is obvious,
since, how can a father make half his sons 'keen', and half of them 'lax'?
(b) Abaye therefore establishes the Derashah like Acheirim - who Darshen
from "Kol Zechurcha" - that someone who collects dog's manure, who purifies
silver and a tanner are Patur from Re'iyah, because they cannot go to
Yerushalayim together with the other people.
(a) Our Mishnah writes that the Olas Re'iyah must be bought with Chulin
money. In fact - this Din is not peculiar to the Olas Re'iyah - but is
applicable to all obligatory Korbanos.
(b) When the Tana says 've'ha'Shelamim min ha'Ma'aser' - he is referring to
Shalmei Simchah, which do not require a specific animal to be Shechted, as
we shall see shortly.
(c) According to Beis Shamai, the Chagigah of the first day of Pesach must
be purchased from Chulin money - according to Beis Hillel, it may be
purchased with Ma'aser money (we shall see in the Gemara how this is
(a) A Yisrael can fulfill his obligation - with regard to Shalmei Simchah,
with Nedarim, Nedavos and with an animal of Ma'aser Beheimah.
(b) A Kohen too - can fulfill his obligation with the Chata'os and Ashamos
or the Chazeh ve'Shok that they have received from a Yisrael.
(c) One is not Yotze Simchah on Yom-Tov ...
- ... with the meat of birds, or ...
- ... with Menachos.
(a) We have a problem with the Lashon of our Mishnah 'Olos be'*Mo'ed* Ba'os
min ha'Chulin', implying that on *Yom-Tov* they can be purchased even with
Ma'aser money - which we just saw is not true?
(b) We refute the suggestion that the Tana says 'be'Mo'ed', because bringing
Olos (even Olos Re'iyah) on Yom-Tov is prohibited altogether - on the
grounds that *that* is the opinion of Beis Shamai, and we always try to
establish a S'tam Mishnah like Beis Hillel.
(a) Beis Shamai permit bringing the Shalmei Chagigah and the Shalmei Simchah
(b) Beis Shamai learn from ...
1. ... "Lachem" - "Lachem" 've'Lo li'Gevo'a' (the prohibition of bringing
an Olas Re'iyah on Yom-Tov).
(c) Beis Shamai prohibits Semichah on both Shalmei Chagigah and Simchah -
for the same reason as leaning on an animal with force is always forbidden
(because Chazal forbade using an animal, as we learned in Beitzah), nor did
Chazal find it necessary to waive this prohibition by Korbanos, since it is
possible to perform Semichah before Yom-Tov (according to Beis Shamai).
2. ... "be'Mo'ado" - that anything (even Olos - such as the Korban Tamid),
whose time is fixed (that has no Tashlumin) may be brought on Yom-Tov.
(d) Beis Hillel permit all three Korbenos Yachid of Yom-Tov to be brought on
Yom-Tov. In spite of what we just said, they permit Semichah - because, in
their opinion, Semichah must be performed immediately prior to the bringing
of the Korban (Consequently, seeing as the Korban may be brought on Yom-Tov,
it was necessary to permit Semichah too).
(a) We answer the Kashya from 'Olos be'Mo'ed Ba'os min ha'Chulin' (see 8a.)
with the classical answer 'Chasurei Mechsera, ve'Hachi Katani'. According to
the new text - it is Nedarim and Nedavos that may be brought specifically on
Chol ha'Mo'ed (and not on Yom-Tov).
(b) We learned in our Mishnah that the Chagigah of the first day of Pesach
must be purchased with Chulin money, implying that that of the fourteenth
need *not* - from which we learn that the Chagigah of the fourteenth in only
mi'de'Rabbanan, and not mi'd'Oraysa.