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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Chagigah 7



(a) We learned in a Mishnah in Pei'ah: 'ha'Pei'ah, ve'ha'Bikurim, ve'ha'Ra'ayon ... Ein Lahem Shiur'. Gemilus Chasadim and Talmud-Torah need to be added to the list.

(b) This is only mi'd'Oraysa - mi'de'Rabbanan, some of them have a minimum Shiur (Pei'ah, one sixtieth, Bikurim one sixtieth and Ra'ayon, a Ma'ah Kesef).

(c) Rebbi Yochanan initially contended that Ra'ayon has a minimum Shiur min ha'Torah.

(d) The great Rebbi Oshaya corrected Rebbi Yochanan, when he taught that Ra'ayon has no Shiur at all min ha'Torah (neither maximum nor minimum), only mi'de'Rabbanan.

(a) According to Resh Lakish, Ra'ayon means appearing in the Azarah with a Korban - according to Rebbi Yochanan, it means just appearing in the Azarah. The reason that he learns like that is because he Tana says 'Ra'ayon' and not 'Re'iyah' (which would definitely refer to the Korban).

(b) Rebbi Yochanan agrees with Resh Lakish - on the first day, when one is definitely obligated to appear in the Azarah with a Korban.

(c) According to Rebbi Yochanan - one is permitted to bring an Olas Re'iyah on the subsequent days of Yom-Tov, if he so wishes.

(d) He argues with Resh Lakish regarding whether he is obligated to bring an Olas Re'iyah when he appears in the Azarah on subsequent days of Yom-Tov: He maintains that he is not, whereas Resh Lakish maintains that he is.

(a) Rebbi Yochanan establishes the Pasuk in Mishpatim "ve'Lo Yeira'u Panai Reikam" - exclusively by the first day.

(b) The Tana of the Beraisa knows that the above Pasuk refers to animals and not to birds and flour-offerings - from Chagigah which has to be an animal, seeing as the Torah writes "ve'Lo Yalin *Cheilev* Chagi ad Boker" (and a bird has no Cheilev); and logically, the Re'iyah for Hashem should be similar to the Chagigah for the owner.

(c) And he knows that it is referring to Olos and not Shelamim - because, just as the Chagigah goes to the owner, so too, should the Re'iyah go to Hashem.

(d) This is the correct thing to do - because it would not be right for the table of the owner to be full, and that of his Master to be empty.

(a) The Tana of another Beraisa Darshens from "Yeira'eh" "Yir'eh" - that, just as Hashem sees *us* free of charge, so too, does He expect us to be seen free of charge (from which we see that it is not obligatory to appear before Hashem each time with a Korban).

(b) We now retract from our original interpretation of the Machlokes. In fact, even Resh Lakish agrees that someone who comes without an Olas Re'iyah still performs a Mitzvah. Their Machlokes is whether one is even permitted to bring an Olas Re'iyah on the subsequent days of Yom-Tov - Rebbi Yochanan holds that Re'iyas Panim has no Shiur, but the Korban Re'iyah does (i.e. only on the first day); whereas according to Resh Lakish, the Korban Re'iyah has no Shiur either.

(c) Resh Lakish explains the Pasuk in Mishlei "Hokar Raglecha mi'Beis Rei'echa" (which seems to suggest that one should rather bring less Korbanos than more) like Levi - who establishes this Pasuk by a Chatas and an Asham (in other words, it is better not to sin and not to have to come to the Beis ha'Mikdash in order to bring one's sin-offering; whereas the Pasuk "Avo Beisecha be'Olos" - refers to Olos and Shelamim (which are gifts for Hashem).

(d) The Beraisa, which encourages us to come to the Beis ha'Mikdash with Olos - clearly supports Resh Lakish.




(a) Rav Yosef initially explains the Beraisa, which says 've'Ein Nir'in la'Chatza'in' to mean that someone who has for example, ten sons, should not bring five of them to the Azarah on one day of Yom-Tov, and the other five on another day - Abaye objects to this on the grounds that that is obvious, since, how can a father make half his sons 'keen', and half of them 'lax'?

(b) Abaye therefore establishes the Derashah like Acheirim - who Darshen from "Kol Zechurcha" - that someone who collects dog's manure, who purifies silver and a tanner are Patur from Re'iyah, because they cannot go to Yerushalayim together with the other people.

(a) Our Mishnah writes that the Olas Re'iyah must be bought with Chulin money. In fact - this Din is not peculiar to the Olas Re'iyah - but is applicable to all obligatory Korbanos.

(b) When the Tana says 've'ha'Shelamim min ha'Ma'aser' - he is referring to Shalmei Simchah, which do not require a specific animal to be Shechted, as we shall see shortly.

(c) According to Beis Shamai, the Chagigah of the first day of Pesach must be purchased from Chulin money - according to Beis Hillel, it may be purchased with Ma'aser money (we shall see in the Gemara how this is possible).

(a) A Yisrael can fulfill his obligation - with regard to Shalmei Simchah, with Nedarim, Nedavos and with an animal of Ma'aser Beheimah.

(b) A Kohen too - can fulfill his obligation with the Chata'os and Ashamos or the Chazeh ve'Shok that they have received from a Yisrael.

(c) One is not Yotze Simchah on Yom-Tov ...

  1. ... with the meat of birds, or ...
  2. ... with Menachos.
(a) We have a problem with the Lashon of our Mishnah 'Olos be'*Mo'ed* Ba'os min ha'Chulin', implying that on *Yom-Tov* they can be purchased even with Ma'aser money - which we just saw is not true?

(b) We refute the suggestion that the Tana says 'be'Mo'ed', because bringing Olos (even Olos Re'iyah) on Yom-Tov is prohibited altogether - on the grounds that *that* is the opinion of Beis Shamai, and we always try to establish a S'tam Mishnah like Beis Hillel.

(a) Beis Shamai permit bringing the Shalmei Chagigah and the Shalmei Simchah on Yom-Tov.

(b) Beis Shamai learn from ...

1. ... "Lachem" - "Lachem" 've'Lo li'Gevo'a' (the prohibition of bringing an Olas Re'iyah on Yom-Tov).
2. ... "be'Mo'ado" - that anything (even Olos - such as the Korban Tamid), whose time is fixed (that has no Tashlumin) may be brought on Yom-Tov.
(c) Beis Shamai prohibits Semichah on both Shalmei Chagigah and Simchah - for the same reason as leaning on an animal with force is always forbidden (because Chazal forbade using an animal, as we learned in Beitzah), nor did Chazal find it necessary to waive this prohibition by Korbanos, since it is possible to perform Semichah before Yom-Tov (according to Beis Shamai).

(d) Beis Hillel permit all three Korbenos Yachid of Yom-Tov to be brought on Yom-Tov. In spite of what we just said, they permit Semichah - because, in their opinion, Semichah must be performed immediately prior to the bringing of the Korban (Consequently, seeing as the Korban may be brought on Yom-Tov, it was necessary to permit Semichah too).

(a) We answer the Kashya from 'Olos be'Mo'ed Ba'os min ha'Chulin' (see 8a.) with the classical answer 'Chasurei Mechsera, ve'Hachi Katani'. According to the new text - it is Nedarim and Nedavos that may be brought specifically on Chol ha'Mo'ed (and not on Yom-Tov).

(b) We learned in our Mishnah that the Chagigah of the first day of Pesach must be purchased with Chulin money, implying that that of the fourteenth need *not* - from which we learn that the Chagigah of the fourteenth in only mi'de'Rabbanan, and not mi'd'Oraysa.

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