POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
prepared by Rabbi Yisrael Shaw
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Chagigah 20
CHAGIGAH 19 & 20 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah
in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.
1) THE STATUS OF CHULIN PREPARED WITH THE TAHARAH OF KODESH
(a) (Tana Kama of Beraisa) Chulin prepared with Taharah of Kodesh is
treated like Chulin (with no special Dinim).
2) THREE CASES OF GUARDING AN ITEM FROM TUM'AH
(b) (R. Elazar b. R. Tzadok) It is treated like Terumah.
(c) (Tana of our Mishnah) It is treated like Kodesh.
1. The Mishnah states that "the clothing of Yochanan b. Gudgeda
-- who ate Chulin with the Taharah of Kodesh all his life --
was considered a Madres for Chatas."
2. This implies that it was a Madres only for Chatas, but not
3. This teaches that Chulin preparead with the Taharah of
Kodesh is treated like Kodesh.
(a) (R. Yochanan b. Elazar) One who dropped his handkerchief and
asked someone else to pick it up and return it to him --
the handkerchief is Tamei.
1. The person who picked it up did not bother to guard it from
Tum'ah, because he assumed the owner was Tamei.
(b) (R. Yonasan b. Amram) If one inadvertently donned his Shabbos
clothes thinking that they were his weekday clothes, the
clothes are Tamei.
(c) (R. Elazar b. Tzadok) It once happened that the clothes of
two women got mixed up at the bathhouse, and each donned the
other's clothing, and R. Akiva declared both sets of clothing
to be Tamei.
(d) Question: These three cases imply that one who guards an item
(from Tum'ah) thinking that it was another item (or while it was
in someone else's hands), it is not considered guarded from
1. But two Beraisos say that it *is* considered guarded as
long as he had in mind to guard it!?
(e) Answer: It is not a question on two of the three cases mentioned.
1. It is not a question on the case of R. Elazar b. Tzadok.
(e) Question: It is a difficulty, though, on R. Yonasan b. Elazar!
(i) In that case, each woman assumes that the other woman
is an Am ha'Aretz (who is not careful about Tum'ah).
2. It is not a question on the case of R. Yonasan b. Amram.
(ii) Hence, she took her mind off of guarding the other
woman's clothing from Tum'ah.
(i) A person guards his Shabbos clothes from Tum'ah with
(ii) Hence, when he guards them only with the diligence
given to weekday clothes, it is considered a Hesech
ha'Da'as from guarding his Shabbos clothes.
1. Even though the person who picked it up did not guard it
from Tum'ah, the owner should have guarded it while it was
in his friend's hands!
(f) Answer: There is a Chazakah that one does not guard an item
from Tum'ah that is in the hands of someone else.
2. Why, then, is it Tamei?
*****Hadran Alach Perek Ein Dorshin*****
*****PEREK CHOMER BA'KODESH*****
3) MISHNAH: ELEVEN WAYS IN WHICH KODESH IS MORE STRINGENT THAN TERUMAH
(a) Kodesh is more stringent than Terumah in eleven different ways,
1. We may immerse utensils inside of other utensils in a Mikvah
for Terumah, but not for Kodesh.
2. Separate parts of the utensil become Tamei for Terumah, but
not for Kodesh.
3. One may carry Terumah while carrying a Madres, but one may
not carry Kodesh.
4. The clothing of those who eat Terumah are a Madres for
5. When immersing garments for Kodesh, one must first untie
them and dry them, but for Terumah one may immerse them
while they are knotted (and/or wet).
6. Utensils that were completed with Taharah still need
Tevilah for Kodesh, but not for Terumah.
7. A utensil joins all of its contents together for Kodesh,
but not for Terumah.
8. Tum'ah of Kodesh extends to a fourth level, while that of
Terumah extends only to a third level.
9. For Terumah, if one hand became Tamei, the other remains
Tahor, while for Kodesh, one must immerse both hands,
because one hand is Metamei the other for Kodesh but not
10. One may eat Terumah foods that are dry, with hands that are
Tamei, but not Kodesh foods.