POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
prepared by Rabbi Yisrael Shaw
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Chagigah 5
CHAGIGAH 4 & 5 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in
Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.
2. Her remaining years were given to a young Talmid Chacham
who endured insult.
(i) R. Yochanan cried at the verse, "You persuaded Me to destroy
him for no reason" (Iyov 2:3) -- what hope does a servant
have whose Master can be persuaded to destroy him!
(j) R. Yochanan cried at the verse, "He cannot have faith even
in His holy ones" (Iyov 15:15) -- if in His holy ones He
cannot have faith, then in whom can He have faith!
(k) R. Yochanan cried at the verse, "I will draw near to you in
judgment, and I will be a swift witness against sorcerers,
adulterers, those who swear falsely, and those who extort
the wage of a worker" (Malachi 3:5) -- a servant whose master
is quick to judge him, does he have any hope!
(l) R. Yochanan cried at the verse, "For every deed G-d judges,
even everything hidden, whether good or bad" (Koheles 12:14)
-- a servant whose master equates inadvertent sins with
advertent ones, does he have any hope!
1. What does "everything hidden" mean?
(m) R. Yochanan cried at the verse, "Evils that are many and
troubles" (Devarim 31:21) -- a servant whose master brings
upon him evils and troubles, does he have any hope!
(i) (Rav) It refers to one who kills a bug in front of
his friend and his friend is disgusted by it.
3. What does "whether good or bad" mean?
(ii) (Shmuel) "Everything hidden" refers to one who
spits in front of his friend and his friend is
disgusted by it.
(i) (R. Yanai) It refers to one who gives Tzedakah to a
poor person in public, because doing so embarrasses
(ii) (R. Shila) It refers to one who gives Tzedakah to a
woman in private, because doing so brings her to be
(iii) (Rava) It refers to one who gives meat that is not
yet cut on Erev Shabbos (since, because of her
rush, she will not properly remove the forbidden
(iv) (Shmuel) It refers to one who gives money to a poor
person when he is pressed (and does not have a chance
to buy food when it is cheap, but must spent the
money for food right away).
1. These evils will be troubles to each other, like a bee
sting and scorpion sting in one place.
2. (Rav) "My anger will rage against him on that day, I will
abandon them, and I will hide My face from them" (Devarim
31:17) -- all from whom Hashem's face is not hidden are
not "from them," from the Jewish people.
6) HASHEM CRIES
3. (Rava) "I will certainly hide My face on that day"
(Devarim 31:18) -- even though He hides His face from them
during the day, but He speaks to them in dreams at night.
(n) (R. Ila) A servant whose master relates to him all of his
speech (Amos 4:13), does he have any hope!
4. (R. Yosef) His hand is stretched over us to protect us
5. R. Yehoshua b. Chananyah protected the people from the
accusations of heretics.
(i) When R. Yehoshua b.Chananyah was dying, the Rabanan
asked him who will now protect them from heretics.
(ii) He answered that when the Jewish people become
weaker, so too do the nations (Yirmiyahu 49:7,
1. This includes even the speech between a man and his wife
(at times of conjugal relations), which is forbidden.
2. Such speech, however, is permitted when necessary to
(a) (Rav) "My soul will cry in hidden chambers because of the
pride" (Yirmiyah 13:17) -- Hashem has a place called
"Mistarim" (where He cries).
1. (Rav) "Because of the pride" of Israel that was taken from
them and given to the idolators.
(b) (R. Elazar) Hashem cried three tears (Yirmiyahu 13:17):
2. (R. Shmuel b. Nachmeni) "Because of the pride" that was
taken from the Heavenly Kingship.
3. Question: Does Hashem experience sadness? But the verse
says that "joy is in His place" (Divrei ha'Yamim I 16:27)!
4. Answer: On the outside, there is onlyjoy, but in the inner
chamber, there is sadness as well.
5. When the Beis ha'Mikdash was destroyed, there was sadness
even in His outer chambers (Yeshayah 33:7).
1. One for the first Beis ha'Mikdash, one for the second Beis
ha'Mikdash, and one for the exile of the Jewish people.
(c) (Beraisa) Hashem cries each day for the person who is able to
learn Torah but does not, for the person who is unable but
does anyway, and for the leader who becomes haughty over the
2. Others say that the third tear was for Bitul Torah, because
there is no greater Bitul Torah than that of the Galus.
(d) (Rebbi) The honor of the Jewish people has fallen from great
heights to great depths.
(e) Rebbi convinced R. Chiya to take him to visit the blind Rav of
their host town, who blessed them for coming to see him even
though he cannot see them, with the blessing that they should
merit to greet the One who sees but cannot be seen.
1. Rebbi had learned the importance of visiting a Talmid
Chacham from R. Yakov, who, even into his old age, visited
his Rav every day, as he learned from a verse in Tehilim
(f) R. Idi, the father of R. Yakov, used to travel three months in
order to spend one day learning in the Yeshivah.
1. (R. Yochanan) One who learns Torah for even a single day in
the year is as if he learned Torah the entire year, as
derived from a verse (Yeshayah 58:2).
2. Likewise, one who does an Aveirah even one day in the year
is as if he transgressed for the entire year, as derived
from a verse (Bamidbar 14:34).