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Chagigah 20

CHAGIGAH 19 & 20 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.

1) [line 12] MA'AFARTO - (a) his scarf (RASHI); (b) his outer cloak (ARUCH)
2) [line 21] HA'MESHAMER ES HE'CHAVIS - a person who is straining a barrel
3) [line 28] MAGREIFAH - (O.F. vadil) a small shovel or rake
4) [line 38] MASHCHAH IMI B'CHEVEL - pulled with me on the rope [with which the fabric of the garment was attached to the loom]

5) [line 45] NIMA - a thread


6a) [line 1] CHAMARAV - donkey-drivers
b) [line 1] PO'ALAV - workers
7) [line 9] B'VA LAHEM DERECH AKALASON - when he can get to them in a roundabout way, [surprising them]


8a) [line 15] ACHORAYIM, V'SOCH, U'VEIS HA'TZEVITAH, BI'TERUMAH - the outside, inside, and the handle of a vessel are independent of each other regarding Terumah; (if Tum'ah touches one, it alone becomes Tamei)

9) [line 16] MIDRAS
(a) A Zav who emits Zov two or three times, whether it is emitted in one day or in two or three consecutive days, is an Av ha'Tum'ah.
(b) He can cause objects that are under him to become Avos ha'Tum'ah whether he touches them or not. The objects become Tamei Midras (lit. an object that is treaded upon), otherwise known as Mishkav or Moshav ha'Zav (or the *Tachton*, of a Zav.) An object may become a Midras if it was made for lying, sitting, or leaning upon.
(c) A cloth must be at least three Tefachim square in order to become a Midras. A cloth that is smaller than this is Tahor due to its insignificance. Earthenware objects (Klei Cheres) cannot become Midras.
(d) A person who touches or carries a Midras is Tamei and is Metamei the clothes he is wearing and other utensils (except for earthenware utensils) that he is touching. He and the items he touches get the status of Rishon l'Tum'ah.
(e) Utensils or clothes that lie above the Zav also get the status of a Rishon l'Tum'ah, whether he touches them or not. These are called the *Elyon* of a Zav.

10) [line 19] MATIR U'MENAGEV U'MATBIL - [if one intends to immerse a knotted garment or a wet garment,] he must untie it or dry it out, and afterwards he may immerse it in a Mikvah

11) [line 22] METZAREF
When a source of Tum'ah touches an item of Kodshim that is in a utensil that contains other items of Kodshim that are not touching each other, the utensil causes the Tum'ah to spread to all of the items as if they were touching each other. (RAMBAM Hilchos Avos ha'Tumah 12:7)

12) [line 23] HA'REVI'I
See Background to Chagigah 18:15

13) [line 27] OCHLIM NEGUVIN - food that never got wet
14) [last line] B'YADAYIM MESU'AVOS - with hands that are Teme'im [to the degree of Sheni l'Tum'ah]

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