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Chagigah 16

CHAGIGAH 16 - Dedicated by the Fogel family (California) as a Zechus towards the Refu'ah Shelemah of Chava Rivka Bas Hendal Falck.

1) [line 1] "[VA'YOMAR...HOFI'A ME'HAR PARAN,] V'ASA ME'RIVEVOS KODESH; [M'YMINO ESH DAS LAMO.]" - "[And Moshe said...He revealed Himself from the Mountain of Paran,] and then approached with some of the myriad Angels of the Holy Sanctum; [from His right hand He presented the fiery Torah to them.]" (Devarim 33:2)

2) [line 4] DUGMA HU BA'REVAVAH SHELO - He is an outstanding Being (similar to an object used as a sample) among His host of ten thousand

3) [line 27] PALTEIRIN - palace
4) [line 27] ASHPAH - a garbage heap
5) [line 36] D'MATZI CHAYIF LEI L'YITZREI - he is able to overcome his Yetzer ha'Ra

6a) [line 37] METURGEMANEI - the Meturgeman (see next entry) of Reish Lakish
b) [line 25] METURGEMAN - (a) the person who repeats in a loud voice the words of the Rav, who lectures in a low voice (RASHI to Berachos 56a); (b) the person who *translates into Aramaic* the words of the Rav, who delivers the Shi'ur in a low voice *in Hebrew* (RASHI to Yoma 20b)

7) [line 41] AL DUCHANAN (DUCHAN)
(a)The Duchan was a platform with three steps that was hewn into the stone floor of the Azarah. Each step was half an Amah high and half an Amah wide. The bottom step rose one Amah above Ezras Yisrael. The highest step was level with the floor of Ezras Kohanim. The distance from the beginning of the lowest step until the Mizbe'ach was 11 Amos, all of which was Ezras Kohanim. The Duchan extended for the entire width of the Azarah (135 Amos).
(b) The main purpose of the Duchan was for the Leviyim to stand upon it facing the Sanctuary (their backs to the people) while singing to HaSh-m, when the Kohanim offered obligatory public Korbenos Olah (burnt offerings) or the Shelamim (peace offering) of Shavuos. They also played musical instruments to accompany the singing.
(c) The Duchan was also used for Birkas Kohanim (see Background to Yoma 39:12) when there were too many Kohanim standing on the steps of the Heichal, the usual place for Birkas Kohanim. (They would face the people, with their backs towards the sides of the Azarah, in order that their backs should not be towards the Heichal.) (Notes of the TIF'ERES YISRAEL on the Beis ha'Mikdash Diagram #25 and TIF'ERES YISRAEL to Midos 2:6)

8) [line 52] LISMOCH (SEMICHAH)
Semichah refers to the Mitzvah for a person to press his hands with all his might on the head of his animal sacrifice before it is slaughtered, as described in Vayikra (1:4).


9) [line 23] PIYUSEI PAISEI - Rebbi Yehudah Ben Tabai appeased the dead false witness
10) [line 33] TARBUS RA'AH - wicked, deplorable conduct
11) [line 36] SIRIKON - royal, silk robes
12) [line 51] AKFU YEDAICHU - let your hands rest lightly (lit. float) on the head of the sacrifice

13) [last line] TZEDADIN - (lit. the sides) the parts of the animal that are not normally used (or a one-step-removed use of a tree, such as the use of a basket that is hanging from a tree limb)
b) [last line] TZEDADIN ASURIN - leaning on an animal of Hekdesh at a place that is not normally used, such as the sides or the head of the animal, is prohibited. (Similarly, a one-step-removed use of a tree, such as the use of a basket that is hanging from a tree limb, is prohibited.)

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