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Chagigah 14

CHAGIGAH 14 & 15 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.

1) [line 2] SHESALAN - He distributed (lit. planted) them
2) [line 5] SHE'MEKAMTIN ATZMAN - that bind themselves, i.e. hold themselves back from sleep

3) [line 8] BAR ARYA - son of a lion (a great, distinguished Torah Scholar)
4) [line 11] U'VATLEI - and they cease to exist
5) [line 11] "CHADASHIM LA'BEKARIM RABAH EMUNASECHA." - "They (the acts of kindness of HaSh-m mentioned in Eichah 3:22) are new every morning; great is your faithfulness." (Eichah 3:23) - The Gemara interprets this verse as referring to the Angels that are created each morning who sing the praises of HaSh-m. (MAHARSHA)

6) [line 16] "...LEVUSHEI K'SLAG CHIVAR U'SE'AR REISHEI KA'AMAR NEKEI..."- "...Whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of His head was like pure wool..." (Daniel 7:9)

7) [line 18] "...KEVUTZOSAV TALTALIM SHECHOROS KA'OREV." - "[His head is like the finest gold,] His locks are wavy, and black like a raven." (Shir ha'Shirim 5:11)

8) [line 21] "...KARSEYEI SHEVIVIN DI NUR..." - "...His throne was like a fiery flame..." (Daniel ibid.)

9) [line 22] "...AD DI CHARSAVAN REMIV V'ATIK YOMIN YESIV..." - "...thrones were placed, and the Ancient of Days sat..." (Daniel ibid.)

10) [line 26] HAGADAH - the class of Rabbinical literature that explains the Tanach homiletically

11) [line 26] KALECH MI'DABEROSEICH [alt., MIDBEROSEICH] - hold back your words

12a) [line 27] SHERAFRAF - a small bench or footstool
b) [line 28] L'HADOM RAGLAV - as a footrest, footstool
13) [line 30] "...YIRHAVU HA'NA'AR BA'ZAKEN, VEHA'NIKLEH BA'NICHBAD." - "[And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbor;] the child shall behave arrogantly towards the elder, and the base against the honorable." (Yeshayah 3:5)

14) [line 33] TA'ALULIM - (a) mockers (RASHI to Yeshayah 3:4); (b) young children (RADAK to Yeshayah ibid.)

15) [line 35] "LECHU LACHAMU B'LACHMI U'SHESU B'YAYIN MASACHTI." - "Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine that I have mixed." (Mishlei 9:5)

16) [line 36] AGADAH - the class of Rabbinical literature that explains the Tanach homiletically

17) [line 38] "KESEM AL SIFSEI MELECH..." - "A charm is on the lips of the king; his mouth does not transgress in judgment." (Mishlei 16:10)

18) [line 40] METURGEMAN - (a) the person who repeats in a loud voice the words of the Rav, who lectures in a low voice (RASHI to Berachos 56a); (b) the person who *translates into Aramaic* the words of the Rav, who delivers the Shi'ur in a low voice *in Hebrew* (RASHI to Yoma 20b)

19) [line 44] SHE'MENU'ARIN MIN HA'MITZVOS - that are empty of Mitzvos
20) [line 45] TA'ALEI BENEI TA'ALEI - foxes [who are] the sons of foxes (unlearned people who are the sons of unlearned people)

21) [line 47] KISHLONAH - downfall
22) [line 48] BA'ALEI AMANAH - trustworthy people, especially in business dealings (and who trust in the Creator)

23) [line 48] "KI YISPOS ..." - "When a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father, saying, 'You have clothing, be our ruler; and let this obstacle be under [the control of] your hand.'" (Yeshayah 3:6)

24) [line 48] DEVARIM SHE'BENEI ADAM MISKASIN [BAHEM] K'SIMLAH - subjects that cause people to hide themselves in their garments so that they should not be asked if they know them

25) [line 49] "...VEHA'MACHSHELAH HA'ZOS TACHAS YADECHA." - "and let this obstacle be under [the control of] your hand." (Yeshayah 3:6)

26) [line 50] "YISA VA'YOM HA'HU LEIMOR..." - "On that day he shall swear, saying, 'I will not be a person who confines [himself in the Beis ha'Midrash]; for in my house is neither bread nor clothing; make me not a ruler of the people.'" (Yeshayah 3:7)

27) [line 51] CHOVSHEI BEIS HA'MIDRASH - those who confine themselves in the Beis Midrash

28) [line 54] "SHOTETU BA'CHUTZOS ..." - "Run to and fro through the streets of Yerushalayim, and see now, and know, and seek in its broad places, if you can find a man, if there is anyone that does justice, that seeks the truth; and I will pardon it." (Yirmeyahu 5:1)


29) [line 4] MECHAMER - leading (directing) the donkey (from behind)
30) [line 8] TARSHEINI - allow me
31) [line 28] TEKUFAS TAMUZ - the summer, when the temperature is the hottest
32) [line 30] MAZMUTEI CHASAN V'CHALAH - the musical entertainment at a wedding
33) [line 32] ASHREI YOLADETECHEM - happy are the ones who gave birth to you
34) [line 34] TERAKLIN GEDOLIM - a large dining room, reception room
35) [line 34] MATZA'OS NA'OS - fine dining couches
36) [line 35] L'CHAS SHELISHIS - for the third group of righteous people who sit near the Shechinah

37) [line 36] HARTZA'OS - (lit. lectures) cases of people who had occasion to expound Ma'aseh ha'Merkavah

38) [line 38] D'ARTZI V'ARTZU KAMEI KACHASHIV - Rebbi Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah is only enumerating the cases of people who had occasion to expound Ma'aseh ha'Merkavah before others and to have had others expound it before them

39a) [line 40] PARDES - a place in Aravos, one of the seven firmaments, where the souls of the righteous are kept. It is called Pardes, "orchard", because it is similar to Gan Eden, the "garden" of Eden, which is hidden for the righteous (RABEINU CHANANEL)
b) [line 40] NICHNESU B'FARDES - peered into Pardes (without going anywhere) with a form of Ru'ach ha'Kodesh, after praying, cleansing and purifying themselves, fasting, and utilizing Shemos ha'Kedoshim (names of HaSh-m) and certain specific deeds. (RAV HAI GA'ON, ARUCH, RABEINU CHANANEL)

40) [line 41] ACHER - Elisha ben Avuyah, a Tana from the third generation, who became an apostate, and was subsequently known as "Acher" ("the other one"). Several reasons are cited to explain his abandonment of tradition (Chagigah 14b-15b, Kidushin 39b).

41) [line 41] AVNEI SHAYISH TAHOR - pure (translucent) marble stones [that have the appearance of water] (with which the sixth Heavenly Sanctuary is paved -- ARUCH) see Insights

42) [line 43] HETZITZ - (a) he peered at the Shechinah (RASHI); (b) he continued to pronounce more Shemos ha'Kedoshim in order to be able to comprehend more of the essence of HaSh-m (RABEINU CHANANEL)

43) [line 43] "YAKAR B'EINEI HASH-M HA'MAVSAH LA'CHASIDAV." - "Difficult in the eyes of HaSh-m is the death of His pious ones." (Tehilim 116:15)

44) [line 44] NIFGA - lost his mind
45) [line 44] "DEVASH MATZASA ECHOL DAYECHA, PEN TISBA'ENU VA'HAKE'OSO." - "When you find honey, eat only as much as is sufficient for you, lest you be filled with it, and vomit it." (Mishlei 25:16)

46) [line 45] KITZETZ B'NETI'OS - (lit. cut down planted things) see Insights

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