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Chagigah 10

CHAGIGAH 9 & 10 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.

1) [line 7] HETER NEDARIM
When a person makes a Neder (or designates Chalah, Terumah or Kodshim) or Nezirus, he may have it revoked by a Beis Din of three (if they are not outstanding authorities) or a Yachid Mumcheh (an outstanding authority). The general method used is that Beis Din investigates whether the person would not have made the Neder in the first place had he been aware of a particular fact.

2) [line 9] ME'ILOS (ME'ILAH)
(a) It is forbidden to derive personal benefit from anything that is Hekdesh, as the Torah states, "Lo Suchal le'Echol b'Sha'arecha...u'Nedarecha Asher Tidor" - "You may not eat in your settlements...and your pledges [to Hekdesh] that you will pledge" (Devarim 12:17) (RAMBAM Hilchos Me'ilah 1:1-3). The minimum amount for which one transgresses this prohibition is a Perutah's worth of benefit.
(b) If someone benefited from Hekdesh intentionally, he receives Malkos and must pay to Hekdesh the amount that he benefited. However, the object from which he benefited remains Hekdesh.
(c) If someone benefited from Hekdesh unintentionally, the object loses its Kedushah. He must bring a Korban Me'ilah and repay Hekdesh the value of his benefit plus an additional *fifth* (of the ensuing total, or a *quarter* of the original value). This is true of any object that has Kedushas Damim (i.e. it's value is consecrated to Hekdesh). An object that has Kedushas ha'Guf (i.e. an object with intrinsic Kedushah, such as the utensils used in the Beis ha'Mikdash or a live Korban that is used in the Beis ha'Mikdash "as is") does not lose its Kedushah under any circumstances (Rosh Hashanah 28a).

3) [line 25] HU EINO MOCHEL - the person who made the vow may not nullify it
4) [line 30] L'OLAM EIN ECHAD MEHEM NAZIR - [If a person passes by two people and one of the two says, "I shall be a Nazir if that person passing by is a Nazir" while the other one says, "I shall be a Nazir if that person passing by is *not* a Nazir,"] neither one of them is a Nazir

5) [line 30] SHE'LO NITNAH NEZIRUS ELA L'HAFLA'AH - the laws of Nezirus only apply to a distinct utterance (where there is no question or doubt)

6a) [line 42] TAVA CHADA PILPALTA CHARIFTA - one grain of sharp pepper (alt., one sharp peppercorn) is better
b) [line 42] MI'MALEI TZANA D'KAREI - than a basket full of gourds
7) [line 45] GUMA - a hole in the ground

(a) MEKALKEL - Normally, one is Chayav on Shabbos only for performing a Melachah that is a creative act. If a person performed an act of destruction or impairment he is Patur. Digging a hole in the middle of one's floor ruins the floor, and such an act is not considered Boneh (building) and is Patur.
(b) MELACHAH SHE'EINAH TZERICHAH L'GUFAH - When a person performs a Melachah on Shabbos intentionally, but does not require the usual result of the action, Rebbi Yehudah rules that he is Chayav and Rebbi Shimon rules that he is Patur. For example, if a person digs a hole, not because he needs the hole (which would be Boneh) but rather because he needs the dirt, this is a Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah l'Gufah. (See Insights to Shabbos 12:1)


The Torah only forbids actions performed on Shabbos with intent; not actions that were performed accidentally.

10) [line 4] ZEVICHAH - offering a festive sacrifice
11) [line 5] CHOGU CHAGA - (a) make a celebration (RASHI); (b) dance around in a circle (RABEINU CHANANEL)

12) [line 6] "...V'YACHOGU LI BAMIDBAR." - "[And afterward Moshe and Aharon went in, and told Par'oh, 'Thus said HaSh-m, G-d of Yisrael, "Let My people go,] that they may hold a feast for Me in the wilderness."'" (Shemos 5:1)

13a) [line 10] "...V'LO YALIN CHELEV CHAGI AD BOKER." - "...do not allow the fat of My offering to remain overnight until morning." (Shemos 23:18)

b) ]line 10] YALIN (LINAH)
From the verse in the previous entry and from the verse, "...v'Lo *Yalin* la'Boker Zevach Chag ha'Pasach" - "...do not allow the Passover sacrifice to remain overnight until morning." (ibid. 34:25), we learn that any part of a sacrifice that was not offered on the Mizbe'ach before dawn of the day after it was sacrificed becomes disqualified and may never be placed on the Mizbe'ach (Sefer ha'Chinuch #90).

14) [line 12] TARBA - fat (that is offered on the Mizbe'ach and is forbidden to be eaten)
15) [line 15] "KOL HA'LAILAH AD HA'BOKER" - "[Command Aharon and his sons, saying, 'This is the Torah of the burnt offering; it is the burnt offering, burning on its bonfire upon the Mizbe'ach] all night until the morning, [and the fire of the Mizbe'ach shall be burning in it.]'" (Vayikra 6:2)

16) [line 24] DIVREI KABALAH- words mentioned in the Nevi'im and Kesuvim (Rashi to Bava Kama 2b)

17a) [line 26] HA'SHALIACH SHE'ASAH SHELICHUSO - a Shali'ach (messenger) who carried out his assignment as he was told; e.g. who bought the exact item he was told to buy
b) [line 27] LO ASAH SHELICHUSO - who bought a different item than he was told

18) [line 35] SHALI'ACH ANYA, MAI KA'AVID? - poor, blameless Shali'ach, what did he do? (see Insights)

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