REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 110
BAVA METZIA 109-110 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz
Torah in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.
(a) In the case of a Sh'tar Mashkanta (de'Sura') in which it was written
'years', but not how many, the creditor claimed that they had agreed on
three years, and the debtor said, two.
What happened next?
(b) The question is who is now believed.
Who would have been believed had
the creditor not eaten the fruit?
(c) According to Rav Yehudah, the creditor is obligated to pay the debtor
for the third year, according to Rav Kahana, he is not.
What is the basis
of their Machlokes?
(a) What did Rav Nachman say in 'ha'Sho'el' in a case where someone rents a
bathhouse for twelve gold Dinrim per annum, at one gold Dinar monthly, and
it turns out to be a leap-year? How much must the hirer pay, even assuming
that he comes to pay at the end of the month?
(b) Bearing in mind that Rav Nachman is not sure whether we go after the
first Lashon or the last, what is the basis of his ruling?
(c) How do we reconcile Rav Kahana (whose opinion is Halachah) with Rav
Nachman (whose opinion is Halachah too)?
(a) In another case, where the creditor claims that they agreed on five
Dinrim, the debtor says three (which have already passed), the debtor asked
the creditor to produce his Sh'tar.
What did he reply?
(b) On what basis did Rav Yehudah believe him?
(c) Rav Papa told Rav Ashi that Rav Z'vid and Rav Avira did not agree with
Why not? Why, according to them, can we not believe the
creditor when he claims that he lost the Sh'tar, even with a 'Migu'?
(a) What did Ravina ask Rav Ashi on Rav Yehudah from every case of Mashkanta
(b) What did Rav Ashi ...
(c) If an Aris claims that the owner promised him half the annual produce
and the owner claims, a third, Rav Yehudah believes the owner.
- ... mean when he answered that the Rabbanan instituted that the owner pays the land-tax and digs the irrigation ditch around the field?
- ... reply when Ravina asked him what will happen in a case where for some reason, there is no tax to pay and no ditch that needs digging?
Rav Nachman say?
(a) How do we try to reconcile the opinions of Rav Yehudah and Rav Nachman?
Answers to questions
(b) But Rav Mari B'rah de'bas Shmuel cites Abaye who disagrees, and who
holds that, Rav Yehudah believes the owner even if it is customary for the
Aris to take half.
Why is that?
(c) How do we need to qualify the term 'Ne'eman' throughout the Sugya?
(a) We cite a case where the Ba'al-Chov comes to claim a field from his
What are the two parties disputing?
(b) Rebbi Chanina thought that, seeing as the land belongs to the Yesomim,
the onus of proof lies with the Ba'al-Chov.
What did that old man quote
Rebbi Yochanan as saying?
(c) Abaye proves this from a Mishnah in Bava Basra. We learned there that,
if a tree is growing near a pit, assuming that the tree was there first, it
is not necessary to cut it down.
What will be the Din if the pit was there
(a) In a case where a tree is growing within fifty Amos of a town, the Tana
rules that if the town was there first, the owner must cut down the tree and
does not receive compensation.
What would be the Din if the tree was there
(b) What distinction does the Tana now make between the case of a tree near
a pit and that of a tree near a town, if there is a Safek as to which was
(c) Why, in the latter ruling, does the owner not receive compensation?
(d) How does the latter ruling reflect on the previous case of where the
Ba'al-Chov comes to claim a field from his debtor's Yesomim? How does this
prove Rebbi Yochanan's ruling?
(a) In the event that the Yesomim succeed in proving that they initiated the
improvements, what did Rav Chanina initially think that they are entitled to
(b) We refute this however, on the basis of a statement of Rav Nachman Amar
Shmuel, who speaks about 'Bechor le'Pashut, Ba'al-Chov le'Loke'ach and
Ba'al-Chov u'Kesuvas Ishah li'Yesomim'.
What are they are all paying back?
(c) What common ruling does Rav Nachman issue? Why is that?
(d) What is the case of 'Bechor le'Pashut'?
(a) Shmuel appears to hold that the Ba'al-Chov must return the Sh'vach to
How do we reconcile this with his own ruling that the
Ba'al-Chov is entitled to claim the Sh'vach? What is 'Sh'vach ha'Magi'a
(b) Why can 'Sh'vach ha'Magi'a li'Kesafim' not be defined as fruit that no
longer needs the ground at all?
(c) Under which circumstances then, did Shmuel authorise the Ba'al-Chov to
claim even 'Sh'vach ha'Magi'a li'Kesafim'?
(a) We ask a Kashya on Rav Nachman (who permits the Ba'al-Chov to pay the
back money), from those who permit a purchaser to pay the Ba'al-Chov money
in the first place.
What is the reasoning that renders the ruling
plausible according to those who forbid it?
(b) What is the gist of the Kashya?
(c) How will we then establish the ruling according to those who do normally
permit the purchaser to pay the Ba'al-Chov money?
(a) What distinction does our Mishnah make between someone who is Mekabel a
field for a Shavu'a (what is 'a Shavu'a') for seven hundred Zuz, and one who
is Mekabel it for seven years?
(b) If a day-laborer may claim all night, when is the time to claim for ...
(c) And when does a laborer who is hired for a week, a month, a year or
seven years claim?
- ... a night-laborer?
- ... a laborer who works only half a day?
(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk ...
(b) What is the relevance of this latter ruling to our Sugya? What might we
otherwise have thought?
- ... in Kedoshim "Lo Salin Pe'ulas Sachir Itcha ad Boker"?
- ... in Ki Seitzei "be'Yomo Titen Secharo"?
- ... in Behar "ki'Sechir Shanah be'Shanah"?
(c) Having written "Lo Salin ... ", why does the Torah need to add "ad
Boker"? What is it coming to teach us?
(d) And what do we learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Al Tomar le'Re'acha Lech
va'Shov, u'Machar Eten, ve'Yesh Itcha"?
(a) What does the Tana of a Beraisa say about Reuven who hires a laborer to
work for him, but who then takes him to work on Shimon's property?
Answers to questions
(b) How do we then establish another Beraisa, which states that if Reuven
hires a laborer to work for Shimon, neither of them is subject to "Lo
(c) What is the reasoning behind this latter ruling?
(d) What did Ameimar and Mar Zutra used to do when one of them wanted to
hire a laborer?