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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Bava Metzia 107

BAVA METZIA 106-108 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.


(a) We learned in our Mishnah 'Tevu'ah, Lo Yizre'enah Kitnis'.
What did Rav Yehudah tell Ravin bar Rav Nachman in this regard?

(b) To resolve his version of the Mishnah with our's, Rav Yehudah explained 'Ha Lan, Ha Lehu'. What did he mean by that?

(c) He also told him that one is permitted to help oneself to cress that grows among the flax.
Why is that?

(d) If the cress grows on the border, it no longer interferes with the growth of the flax, and is subject to Gezel.
When will it be subject to Gezel even if it is growing among the flax?

(a) The borders of the fields beonging to Rav Yehudah and Ravin bar Rav Nachman, touched. What did Rav Yehudah mean when he said to Ravin bar Rav Nachman regarding the trees that grew on the border of their respective fields 'Dili Dilach, ve'Dilach Dili' (see Shitah Mekubetzes)?

(b) What did he nevertheless suggest they do? Why?

(c) This is actually the opinion of Rav. What does Shmuel say?

(a) The Beraisa rules that if a tree is planted on the border, they divide the fruit.
How does Shmuel establish this Beraisa, in order to resolve the Kashya on Rav?

(b) For there to be a Chidush, we establish the Beraisa when the tree is bending over one field more the other.
What is then the Chidush?

(c) What did Rav Yehudah advise Ravin bar Rav Nachman about purchasing land right next to the town? What had Rebbi Avahu ... Amar Rav said that would deter a person from doing so?

(a) The Talmidim of Rav citing their Rebbe, explained the Pasuk in Ki Savo to Rebbi Aba "Baruch Atah ba'Ir" - that your house will be close to the Shul; "u'Varuch Atah ba'Sadeh" - that your property will be close to the town; "Baruch Atah be'Vo'echa" - that you will not arrive home from a journey and find your wife a Safek Nidah; "u'Varuch Atah be'Tzeisecha" - that your offspring will be like you.
Why did Rav say 'Safek Nidah'? Is it to preclude a Vaday Nidah?

(b) Rebbi Yochanan disagreed with Rav's explanation. How did he explain ...

  1. ... "Baruch Atah ba'Ir"?
  2. ... "u'Varuch Atah ba'Sadeh"? Why is that?
  3. ... Baruch Atah be'Vo'echa, u'Varuch Atah be'Tzeisecha"?
(c) Why did Rebbi Yochanan decline to accept Rav's explanation of "Baruch Atah ba'Ir"? What did *he* say about one's house being near a Shul?

(d) Why did Rebbi Yochanan say 'that your *table* will be close to the bathroom' (rather than 'to your house')?

Answers to questions



(a) How does Rav interpret the Pasuk in Eikev "ve'Heisir Hashem Mimcha Kol Choli"?

(b) What did Rav discover when reciting certain incantations by the graves of people who had died, that prompted him to arrive at this conclusion?

(c) According to Shmuel, the Pasuk is referring to wind, which affects everybody differently.
If the wind is instrumental in everybody's deaths, how will we explain the ten martyrs (and the likes), who were murdered?

(d) Rebbi Chanina disagrees.
What does he learn from he Pasuk in Mishlei "Tzinim Pachim be'Derech Ikesh, Shomer Nafsho Yirchak Meihem"?

(a) Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina attributes most deaths to accumulated dirt inside a person's nose and ears, of which a majority is harmful.
To what does Rebbi Elazar attribute it?

(b) If most deaths are caused by the malfunctioning of the gall-bladder, then why does the Torah write in Beshalach "va'Hasirosi *Machlah* mi'Kirbecha"?

(c) What is the significance of the numerical value of "Machlah" (eighty-three)?

(d) How does one overcome the danger of a gall-bladder malfunctioning?

(a) Bread and water (if one cannot afford wine) in the morning (breakfast) make a man 'healthy, wealthy and wise', says the Tana (substantiating Rebbi Elazar's opinion). Among other things, it saves a person from heat, cold and Zikin and Mazikin (demons).
What are 'Zikin'?

(b) How do they enable him to become wise, to win his legal battles, to learn, teach, convince others that his opinions are correct and retain what he learns?

(c) It also prevents perspiration and kills the worms in a man's stomach. How does it also prevent him from having a desire for other women?

(d) Some say that Pas Shachris ... also drives away jealousy and brings love of one's fellow-Jew in its place.
How does it do that?

(a) What did Rava bar Mari learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Lo Yir'avu, ve'Lo Yitzmachu, ve'Lo Yakem Sharev va'Shamesh"?

(b) Rabah quoted a folk-saying that stems from this Pasuk 'Sixty runners can pursue, but they cannot catch, the man who ate Pas Shachris ... '.
What did the Chachamim subsequently advise one to do?

(c) Why did Rabah himself disagree with Rava bar Mari?

(d) How did Rabah Darshen ...

  1. ... "va'Avadtem es Hashem Elokeichem"?
  2. ... "u'Veirach es Lachmecha ve'es Meimecha"?
(e) What is the outcome of all this?
(a) Rav Yehudah advised Rav Ada the measurer to be meticulous in his trade. What was his trade? What was the reasoning behind Rav Yehudah's advise?

(b) He also advised him to be liberal when measuring the Anigra.
What does this refer to?

(c) What was the reason for that advice (see Tosfos DH 'Arba')?

(d) And what did he mean when he added 'de'Anhara Lo Simshachenhu K'lal'?
Why the difference between the B'nei Anigra and the B'nei Anhara?

(a) What did Rebbi Ami announce with regard to forests that lined the river banks, depriving the boatmen of the space they needed to pull their boats?
What does that space constitute?

(b) What if the other side of the river was clear?

(c) Why did the owners of the forest Mashrunya give Rav Nasan bar Hoshaya a beating?

(d) What was Rav Nasan's mistake?

(a) What did Rabah bar Rav Huna reply, when they asked him to cut down the trees of his forest that lined the local river and which prevented them from pulling their boats along that stretch?

(b) Based on Resh Lakish, what would one have expected him to do? What did Resh Lakish say, based on the Pasuk in Tzefanyah "Hiskosheshu ve'Koshu"?

(c) Then why didn't he do that? Who was Parzak Rufila?

(d) Then how would the boat-owners pull their boats down the river?

Answers to questions

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